Pierre Joxe (born 28 November 1934 in Paris) is a former French Socialist politician and has been a member of the Constitutional Council of France since 2001.
A graduate of the Ecole nationale d'administration, he joined the Court of Audit of France in the 1960s. Whereas his father, Louis Joxe, was Justice Minister of Charles de Gaulle, Pierre Joxe entered politics as a follower of François Mitterrand, first in the Convention of Republican Institutions, then (from 1971) in the renewed Socialist Party (PS). Considered as one of the closest allies of the PS leader, he was elected deputy for Saône-et-Loire département in 1973. He presided over the regional council of Bourgogne from 1979 to 1982.
In 1981, when Mitterrand was elected President of France, Joxe became Minister of Industry for only one month, before he became leader of the Socialist group in the French National Assembly. Then, he joined the cabinet as Interior Minister from 1984 to the Socialist defeat in the 1986 legislative election. Re-appointed leader of the PS parliamentary group again, he became the Interior Minister after Mitterrand had won a second presidential term in 1988. He was the author of a new law code for Corsica. In 1991, during the Gulf War, he served as Defense Minister.
During March 1993, Joxe gave up politics to lead the Court of Audit of France. Then, he was nominated to the Constitutional Council (2001–2010). He has two sons, Benoît Joxe and Baptiste Joxe, both from his third marriage.
First President of the Court of Audit : 1993–2001 (Resignation).
Member of the Constitutional Council of France : 2001–2010.
Minister of Defence : 1991–1993.
Minister of Interior : 1988–1991.
Minister of Interior and Decentralization : 1984–1986.
Minister of Industry : May–June 1981.
National Assembly of France
President of the Socialist Party Group in the National Assembly : 1981–1984 (Became minister in 1984) / 1986–1988. Elected in 1981, reelected in 1986.
Member of the National Assembly of France for Saône-et-Loire : 1973–1981 (Became minister in 1981) / 1981–1984 (Became minister in 1984) / 1986–1988 (Became minister in 1988). Elected in 1978, reelected in 1978, 1981, 1986, 1988.
President of the Regional Council of Bourgogne : 1979–1982.
Regional councillor of Ile-de-France : 1992–1993 (Resignation).
General councillor of Saône-et-Loire : 1973–1979.
Deputy-mayor of Chalon-sur-Saône : 1977–1983.
Municipal councillor of Chalon-sur-Saône : 1977–1983.
Councillor of Paris : 1989–1993 (Resignation).
|Minister of the Interior
|Minister of the Interior
|Minister of Defense