Pierre Louis Napoleon Cavagnari

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pierre Louis Napoleon Cavagnari

Sir Pierre Louis Napoleon Cavagnari KCB CSI (1841–1879), British military administrator, was the son of Count Louis Adolphus Cavagnari, of an old Italian family from Parma in the service of the Bonaparte family, by his marriage in 1837 with an Anglo-Irish lady, Caroline Lyons-Montgomery. Cavagnari was born at Stenay, in the Meuse département, France, on 4 July 1841.

He nevertheless obtained naturalization as a British citizen, and entered the military service of the East India Company. After passing through college at the Addiscombe Military Seminary, he served through the Oudh campaign against the mutineers in 1858 and 1859. In 1861 he was appointed an assistant commissioner in the Punjab region of British India, and in 1877 became deputy commissioner of Peshawar (now in Pakistan) and took part in several expeditions against the Pashtun tribes.

Cavagnari sitting with a group of Afghan tribesmen.

In September 1878 he was attached to the staff of a British mission to Kabul, Afghanistan, which the Afghans refused to allow to proceed through the Khyber Pass. In May 1879, after the British-Indian forces had invaded Afghanistan, and the death of Afghan Emir Sher Ali Khan, Cavagnari negotiated and signed the Treaty of Gandamak with Sher Ali Khan's son and successor, Mohammad Yaqub Khan. With this treaty, the Afghans agreed to admit a British representative to Kabul, and the post was conferred on Cavagnari, who also received the Star of India and was made a KCB. He took up his residence in July 1879. On 3 September 1879, Cavagnari and the other European members of the mission, along with their guards who were made up of The Guides, were killed after he refused the demands of mutinous Afghan troops. Cavagnari was survived by his wife, Lady Cavagnari (née Mercy Ellen Graves), whom he had married in 1871.

Mohammad Yaqub Khan with British officers in May of 1879.jpg

See also[edit]

Queen’s Own Corps of Guides Memorial, Cavagnari’s Arch in Mardan

References[edit]

External links[edit]