Pierre N. Leval

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For the French Prime Minister, see Pierre Laval.
Pierre Leval
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
In office
October 20, 1993 – August 16, 2002
Appointed by Bill Clinton
Preceded by George Pratt
Succeeded by Richard Wesley
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
In office
October 31, 1977 – October 20, 1993
Appointed by Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Dudley Bonsal
Succeeded by Sidney Stein
Personal details
Born 1936 (age 77–78)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Alma mater Harvard University

Pierre Nelson Leval (born 1936) is a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. At the time of his appointment by President Bill Clinton in 1993, he was a United States District Court Judge in the Southern District of New York.

Judge Leval received his B.A. degree from Harvard College in 1959 and his J.D. degree magna cum laude in 1963 from Harvard Law School, where he served as Note Editor of the Harvard Law Review.

Judge Leval served in the U.S. Army in 1959. He was a law clerk for Judge Henry J. Friendly of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit from 1963 until 1964. Judge Leval was an Assistant United States Attorney in the Southern District of New York from 1964 until 1968, serving there as Chief Appellate Attorney from 1967 to 1968. From 1969 until 1975, Judge Leval was in private law practice as an associate and then a partner in the New York firm of Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton. He joined the New York County District Attorney’s Office in 1975, where he served first as First Assistant District Attorney, and subsequently as Chief Assistant District Attorney. In 1977, he was appointed to the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Judge Leval was a member of the Adjunct Faculty of the New York University School of Law. He was awarded the Hillmon Memorial Fellowship by the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1988; the Donald R. Brace Memorial Lectureship by the Copyright Society of the U.S.A. in 1989; the Fowler Harper Memorial Fellowship by Yale Law School in 1992; the Melville Nimmer Lectureship by UCLA Law School in 1997; the Learned Hand Medal of the Federal Bar Council in 1997; and the University of Connecticut School of Law's Intellectual Property Keynote Lectureship for 2001. He assumed senior status in 2002.

Judge Leval is a native of New York.

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Toward a Fair Use Standard", 103 Harv. L. Rev. 1105 (1990) (an influential work of scholarship on the fair use exception to copyright infringement, arguing that the transformativeness of a work, discussed in the first fair use factor, is the most critical element of the fair use analysis)
Legal offices
Preceded by
Dudley Bonsal
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
1977–1993
Succeeded by
Sidney Stein
Preceded by
George Pratt
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
1993–2002
Succeeded by
Richard Wesley