Pierre Pflimlin

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Pierre Pflimlin
Pierre Pflimlin par Claude Truong-Ngoc 1975.jpg
Pierre Pflimlin in 1975
Prime Minister of France
In office
14 May 1958 – 1 June 1958
Preceded by Félix Gaillard
Succeeded by Charles de Gaulle
14th President of the European Parliament
In office
1984–1987
Preceded by Piet Dankert
Succeeded by Charles Henry Plumb
Personal details
Born 5 February 1907
Roubaix
Died 27 June 2000(2000-06-27) (aged 93)
Strasbourg
Political party MRP
Religion Roman Catholic

Pierre Eugène Jean Pflimlin (French pronunciation: ​[pjɛʁ flimlɛ̃];[1] 5 February 1907 – 27 June 2000) was a French Christian democratic politician who served as the penultimate Prime Minister of the Fourth Republic for a few weeks in 1958, before being replaced by Charles de Gaulle during the crisis of that year.[2]

Life[edit]

Pflimlin was born in Roubaix in the département Nord.

A lawyer and a member of the Christian democratic Popular Republican Movement (MRP), he was elected deputy of département Bas Rhin in 1945. With his personal roots in Alsace, Pflimlin numbered among his MRP party colleagues the Luxembourg-born Robert Schuman; for both, relations with Germany played an important role in their political thinking.

He held some governmental offices during the Fourth Republic, notably as Minister of Agriculture (1947–1949 and 1950–1951) and as Minister of Economy and Finance (1955–1956 and 1957–1958).

In 13 May 1958, the French National Assembly approved his nomination as Prime Minister. But the same day, riots took place in Algiers. The French generals in Algeria expected him to search for a negotiated solution with the Algerian nationalists and refused to recognize his cabinet. The crisis brought Charles de Gaulle to the head of the cabinet on 1 June.

Minister of State until 1959, Minister of Cooperation in 1962, he resigned with the other MRP ministers in order to protest against the euro-scepticism of de Gaulle.

Pflimlin served as the first Catholic mayor of Strasbourg from 1959 to 1983.

He also was the President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe from 1963 to 1966 and President of the European Parliament from 1984 to 1987.

Honors[edit]

The Pierre Pflimlin bridge over the Rhine south of Strasbourg, connecting France to Germany, is named after him and was opened in 2002.

Government (14 May – 1 June 1958)[edit]

Changes:

  • 17 May 1958 – Maurice Faure becomes Minister of European Institutions. Jules Moch succeeds Faure as Minister of the Interior. Albert Gazier enters the ministry as Minister of Information. Max Lejeune succeeds Houphouët-Boigny as Minister of State.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Little Plum
  2. ^ Pierre Pfimlin, The Guardian, 28 June 2000
Political offices
Preceded by
Marcel Roclore
Minister of Agriculture
1947–1949
Succeeded by
Gabriel Valay
Preceded by
Gabriel Valay
Minister of Agriculture
1950–1951
Succeeded by
Paul Antier
Preceded by
Jean-Marie Louvel
Minister of Commerce and External Commercial Relations
1951–1952
Succeeded by
Édouard Bonnefous
Preceded by
Minister for the Council of Europe
1952
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Louis Jacquinot
Minister of Overseas France
1952–1953
Succeeded by
Louis Jacquinot
Preceded by
Robert Buron
Minister of Finance, Economic Affairs and Planning
1955–1956
Succeeded by
Robert Lacoste
Preceded by
Félix Gaillard
Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs
1957–1958
Succeeded by
Edgar Faure
Preceded by
Félix Gaillard
Prime Minister of France
1958
Succeeded by
Charles de Gaulle
Preceded by
Minister of State
1958–1959
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Jean Foyer
Minister of Cooperation
1962
Succeeded by
Georges Gorse
Preceded by
Per Federspiel
President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
1963–1966
Succeeded by
Geoffrey de Freitas
Preceded by
Piet Dankert
President of the European Parliament
1984–1987
Succeeded by
The Lord Plumb