Pierre Trémaux (20 July 1818 - 12 March 1895) was a French architect, orientalist and photographer, and author of numerous scientific and ethnographic publications. His 1865 work Origine et transformations de l'homme et des autres êtres was a predecessor and precursor to the theory of punctuated equilibrium (Wilkins and Nelson, 2008).
^Wilkins, J.S and Nelson, G.J. (2008). Trémaux on species: A theory of allopatric speciation (and punctuated equilibrium) before Wagner. Archives of Philosophy of the Science. University of Pittsburgh USA. pdf: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/3881/1/Tremaux-on-species.pdf. Published online as "pre-print" format in this digital library and definitively published in History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences (Hist. Philos. Life Sci, 2008, 30:179-206).