Pierres du Niton

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The Pierres du Niton in Geneva harbor

The Pierres du Niton (French for Neptune's Stones) are two unusual rocks which are visible from Quai Gustave-Ador in the harbor of Lake Geneva, Switzerland. They are remnants from the last ice age, left by the Rhone glacier. The Repère Pierre du Niton is the name of the rock which is bigger and further from the shore.

The word Niton is derived from the ancient water god Neptune, who was revered by the Gauls who settled at the lake, as old inscriptions in Geneva and Lausanne indicate.[1]

Guillaume-Henri Dufour used the Repère as a height starting point by the development of the Dufourmaps from 1845 to 1864 in the graduation 1:100 000. At that time the height over sea level was estimated and decreed to be 376.86 m. Up to today, this stone forms the authoritative point of the Swiss height measurement system. However, the height was newly evaluated in 1902 to be 373.6 m over sea level. This is why the data in maps of Switzerland made before 1902 differ by 3.26 m from today's official values.

In the Bronze Age, these stones likely had a spiritual significance and were used in religious ceremonies. This has been hypothesized due to square holes at the top of the larger stone, discovered in 1660, which seem to have been caused by Middle Bronze Age (ca. 1500-1200 BC. AD) axes.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Répertoire des immeubles et objets classés. Service des monuments et sites. République et Canton de Genève. Éditions Georg. ISBN 2-8257-0126-2
  2. ^ Arts et monuments. Ville et Canton de Genève. Armand Brulhart et Erica Deuber-Pauli. Éditions Georg. ISBN 2-8257-0126-2

Coordinates: 46°12′20″N 6°09′16″E / 46.20556°N 6.15444°E / 46.20556; 6.15444