Pieter Brueghel the Younger

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Anthony van Dyck: Portrait of Pieter Brueghel the Younger

Pieter Brueghel the Younger (Dutch: [ˈpitəɾ ˈbɾøːɣəl]; 1564 or 1565 – 10 October 1636) was a Flemish painter, known for numerous copies after his father Pieter Brueghel the Elder's paintings and nicknamed "Hell Brueghel" for his fantastic treatments of fire and grotesque imagery.

Life[edit]

Pieter Brueghel the Younger was born in Brussels, the oldest son of the famous sixteenth-century Netherlandish painter Pieter Brueghel the Elder (known as "Peasant Brueghel") and Mayken Coecke van Aelst. His father died in 1569, when Pieter the younger was only five years old. Then, following the death of his mother in 1578, Pieter, along with his brother Jan Brueghel the Elder ("Velvet Brueghel") and sister Marie, went to live with their grandmother Mayken Verhulst (widow of Pieter Coecke van Aelst). She was an artist in her own right, and according to Carel van Mander, possibly the first teacher of the two sons.

The family moved to Antwerp sometime after 1578 and Pieter possibly entered the studio of the landscape painter Gillis van Coninxloo (1544–1607). In the 1584/1585 registers of Guild of Saint Luke, "Peeter Brugel" is listed as an independent master. On 5 November 1588 he married Elisabeth Goddelet, and the couple had seven children. He died in Antwerp, aged 72.

He painted landscapes, religious subjects and fantasy paintings. For this last category he often made use of fire and grotesque figures, leading to his nickname "Hell Brueghel".

Apart from these paintings of his own invention, Pieter Brueghel the Younger also copied the works his father had created by using a technique called pouncing. His genre paintings of peasants lack Pieter the Elder's subtlety and humanism, and emphasize the picturesque.[1]

The Village Lawyer, painted 1621

Works[edit]

  • Construction of the Tower of Babel
  • The Crucifixion
  • The Holy Family with St John
  • The Procession to Calvary (1602)
  • Still-Life of Flowers
  • Still-Life of the Holy Kinship
  • Village Fair
  • The Village Lawyer
  • Virgin and Child with Infant St John in a Garland of Flowers

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pieter Brueghel the Younger
 
Jan Brueghel the Elder
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ambrosius Brueghel
 
Jan Brueghel the Younger
 
Anna Brueghel x David Teniers the Younger
 
Paschasia Brueghel x Hieronymous van Kessel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jan Pieter Brueghel
 
Abraham Brueghel
 
Jan Baptist Brueghel
 
 
Jan van Kessel, senior

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gibson, Michael. "A Dynasty of Painters: Belgium Celebrates the Bruegels". ARTnews (January 1981): 130.

External links[edit]