Pieter Claesen Wyckoff
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Pieter Claesen Wyckoff (ca. 1620 – June 30, 1694) was a prominent figure in Dutch and later English colonial Kings County, New York. Most persons surnamed Wyckoff in North America, including many variations in spelling, can be traced to his family.
In 1932, Charles Arthur Hoppin (The Washington Ancestry and Records of The McClain, Johnson, and Forty Other Colonial American Families, prepared for Edward Lee McClain; Greenfield, Ohio: Privately Printed; 173-174) made it very clear that Pieter Claesen Wyckoff was not the son of Claes Cornelissen van Schouw, in his chapter, “Claes Cornelissen van Schouw, Meutelaer, of Long Island, New York." In 1945, William J. Hoffman reinforced all of Hoppin’s conclusions through his own analysis in his article, “Claes Cornelissen van Shouw(en) Meutelaer and the Wyckoff Ancestry,” (The American Genealogist, 22:70-71). "There is absolutely no evidence that Claes Cornelissen van Schouw was the father of Pieter Claesen Wyckoff, as has been repeatedly claimed. No connection between them has be found in any public record," (Wyckoff Bulletin, 1986, page 18).
Pieter emigrated from Norden, then in East Frisia but now in Germany, to America as a contract farm worker for a period of 6 years at a salary of at first 50 then 75 Guilders annually, working at Rensselaerwyck, near present day Albany, New York. Pieter Claesen made a settlement with the Van Rensellaer estate for the short time remaining on his work contract. He then rented a farm for himself and soon after married Grietje Van Ness, daughter of a prominent local family. She may have brought both wealth and superior education to the family. Their first two children were born in Rensselaerwyck.
In 1655 Pieter Claesen signed a contract to superintend the bowery (farm) and cattle of Peter Stuyvesant in New Amersfoort. He moved into a rented house in New Amersfoort (present day Flatlands, Brooklyn). Pieter Claesen prospered here, acquiring land and becoming a local judge (justice of the peace). He was influential in establishing the Flatlands Dutch Reformed Church at the juncture of Flatbush Avenue and Kings Highway in Brooklyn.
Pieter Claesen Wyckoff died in 1694 and he may be buried along with his wife Grietje Van Ness in the Flatlands Dutch Reformed Church in Brooklyn, New York.
- Nicholas Pieterse Wyckoff (1646–1714) m. Sara Monfoort (1656–1704)
- Margrietje Pieterse Wyckoff (c. 1648–?) m. Matthys Brouwer
- Annetje Pieterse Wyckoff (1650–1688) m. Roelof Martensen Schenck, Captain (1619–1704)
- Mayken Pieterse Wyckoff (1653–1721) m. Willem Willemsen (c. 1637- c. 1722), son of Willem Gerritsen and Mary -----
- Willemptje Pieterse Wyckoff (c. 1654 – c. 1693) m. Adrian Pieterse Kenne
- Cornelius Pieterse Wyckoff (c. 1656–1746) m. Gertje Charity Van Arsedalen
- Hendrick Pieterse Wyckoff (c. 1658–?)
- Geertje Pieterse Wyckoff (c. 1660 – c. 1711) m. Christoffel Janse Romeyn (c. 1641- c. 1748)
- Garret Pieterse Wyckoff (1662–1701) m. Catherine Johanna Nevius
- Marten Pieterse Wyckoff (c. 1663 – c. 1699) m. Hanna Willemse (c. 1660- c.1724), dau. of Willem Gerritsen and Mary -----
- Jan Pieterse Wyckoff (1665 – c. 1730) m. Neeltje Williamse Couwenhoven
Meaning of the surname
When the British took over the Dutch colony in 1664, Pieter Claesen adopted the fixed surname of Wyckoff. Most commonly accepted is that he chose this name from the Dutch words "wijk", meaning parish, and "hof", meaning court. There are Dutch Wyckoffs as well, leading to speculation that there may have been some old world association.
On the contrary, the most commonly accepted story is false. The name is Friesian, not Dutch, and its most common meaning in the Northern Germanic languages is a settlement on a bay. The Wykhof estate from where Pieter Claessen emigrated is located near the Ems River Bay, about 5 miles south of Norden in Ost Friesland, Germany. 
"What's in a Name? History and Meaning of Wyckoff" by M. William Wykoff,
a 36pp. article submitted to the Wyckoff Association of America in 2013, provides a comprehensive treatment of the contorted history of past genealogical research on family origins, and relates what is actually known about the Friesian homeland of Pieter Claessen,
For an update, go to www.wyckoffassociation.org/about/history
Pieter was the common ancestor to a number of notable people, including: Lou Henry (wife of Herbert Clark Hoover), Margaret Hoover, John Ellis Wool, Schuyler Colfax, Walter Percy Chrysler, William Cornelius Van Horne, Owen Young, the Wright Brothers, Earl Van Dorn, Marvin John Nance, Virginia Apgar, Willis Van Devanter, Benjamin Strong, Willard Frank Libby, Dixie Carter (wife of Hal Holbrook), Chuck Jones, Lee Van Cleef, Frank Wykoff, Georgia O'Keeffe (wife of Alfred Stieglitz), Garry Trudeau (husband of Jane Pauley), and Horatio Seymour. Other notables who married Wyckoff descendants are: Pearl Buck, Robert Ralph Young, Isaac Ferris, Charles S. Fairchild, Roscoe Conkling, Philip Freneau, and Baron Klemens August Freiherr von Ketteler.
- Wyckoff, William Forman (1950) The Wyckoff family in America. Wyckoff Association in America, Summit, NJ, USA
- Wykoff, M William (2013). What's in a Name: History and Meaning of Wyckoff. pp. 36pp.
- Wykhoff, Wilhelm (1988). "An East Frisian Theory of Wyckoff Origins". Bulletin of the Wyckoff House & Association LI (350th Anniversary Issue): 9–21.
"What's in a Name? History and Meaning of Wyckoff" on file at Wyckoff House and Foundation.