July 11, 1812|
|Died||April 7, 1899
|Institutions||University of Leiden|
|Alma mater||University of Leiden|
|Doctoral advisor||Pieter Johannes Uijlenbroek|
|Doctoral students||Johannes Bosscha
Johannes van der Waals
Petrus Leonardus Rijke (July 11, 1812 – April 7, 1899) was a Dutch physicist, and a professor in experimental physics at the University of Leiden. Rijke spent his scientific career exploring the physics of electricity, and is known for the Rijke tube. On July 1, 1852 he was married to Johanna Hamaker. They had 6 sons and 6 daughters.
Early years and education
From 1830 Rijke studied physics under Pieter Johannes Uijlenbroek at the University of Leiden, where he obtained his Ph.D. in 1836. The title of his Ph.D. thesis was "De origine electricitatis Voltaicae".
In 1835 he was appointed professor of physics at the Royal Athenaeum in Maastricht. In 1845 he became extraordinary professor and in 1854 he was promoted to full professor of physics at the University of Leiden.
There he started a physics laboratory with a large collection of scientific instruments. His most important students were H.A. Lorentz and J.D. van der Waals. He retired in 1882, and was succeeded by Heike Kamerlingh Onnes as professor of experimental physics at the University of Leiden.
- H.A.M. Snelders, Rijke, Petrus Leonardus (1812-1899), in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland. (In Dutch).
- Vasco Verlaan, P.L. Rijke: Een Bron van degelijkheid., master's thesis, University of Utrecht, 2003 (In Dutch).
- "Ph.D. family tree" of Pieter Rijke
- Pieter Rijke at the Mathematics Genealogy Project