Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy

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Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
Gerbrandy.jpg
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
23 October 1956 – 20 March 1959
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
27 July 1948 – 3 July 1956
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
3 September 1940 – 24 June 1945
Monarch Wilhelmina
Preceded by Dirk Jan de Geer
Succeeded by Wim Schermerhorn
Minister of Colonial Affairs
In office
17 November 1941 – 21 May 1942
Prime Minister Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
Preceded by Charles Welter
Succeeded by Hubertus van Mook
Minister of Justice
In office
20 August 1939 – 21 February 1942
Prime Minister Dirk Jan de Geer (1939-1940)
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy (1940-1942)
Preceded by Johannes Anthonie de Visser
Succeeded by Johannes van Angeren
Personal details
Born Pieter Gerbrandij
(1885-04-13)13 April 1885
Goënga, Netherlands
Died 7 September 1961(1961-09-07) (aged 76)
The Hague, Netherlands
Nationality Dutch
Political party Anti Revolutionary Party
Spouse(s) Hendrina Elisabeth Sikkel
Alma mater Vrije Universiteit (LL.M.)
University of Edinburgh (Dr.h.c.)
Occupation Politician
Jurist
Lawyer
Professor
Religion Reformed Churches in the Netherlands

Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy (13 April 1885 – 7 September 1961) was a Dutch politician of the Anti Revolutionary Party (ARP). He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 3 September 1940 until 24 June 1945. He was the Prime Minister of the Dutch government in exile during World War II.[1]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy was born in the village of Goënga near Sneek, in the province of Friesland, in the Netherlands. He was an ethnic Frisian, and his name is styled in the traditional Frisian way: first name ("Pieter"), patronymic ("Sjoerds", meaning "son of Sjoerd"), family name (Gerbrandy).

Politics[edit]

From 1920 to 1930 he was a member of the States of Friesland for the Anti-Revolutionaire Partij (ARP), and became a professor at the Vrije Universiteit of Amsterdam (1930). Against his party's advice he was Minister of Justice (1939).

World War II[edit]

The royal family and many leading politicians had fled to London in 1940. There, they formed a government in exile. After De Geer's resignation and because of Gerbrandy's rejection of De Geer's defeatism, Queen Wilhemina appointed him as prime minister of the Dutch government in exile, serving in turn as minister of justice, the Colonies, and the general conduct of the War. On his initiative, the Dutch government started to broadcast from Radio Oranje. This station supplied the Dutch population with information from the free world.

Postwar[edit]

In 1945, after the liberation of the south, he formed a new cabinet without socialists, which was alleged to be strictly subordinated to the military rule. He resigned after the total liberation. He strongly opposed the government's ‘Indonesian policy’, and in 1946–50 chaired the National Committee for the Maintenance of the Kingdom's Unity, which was against the separation of Indonesia and supported the idea of a Republic of the South Moluccas.

In 1950 his book, "Indonesia," was published. This book explains most everything that happened from the 1600s to 1948, it includes "The Indies under Netherlands Rule, The Rule of Law, The Japanese Occupation," and "Chaos." Each section includes detailed observations that he has made.

In 1948 he returned in the Dutch Parliament. However, because of his hot temper, he alienated himself from his party members. In 1956 he was member of a commission, which investigated the affair around Greet Hofmans. In 1959 he resigned as a member of Parliament.

Death[edit]

Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy died on 7 September 1961 in The Hague at the age of 76.

Decorations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Dirk Jan de Geer
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
1940-1945
Succeeded by
Wim Schermerhorn
Preceded by
Charles Welter
Minister of Colonial Affairs
1941-1942
Succeeded by
Hubertus van Mook