Pieter van den Hoogenband

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pieter van den Hoogenband
Pieter van den Hoogenband (2008-08-25).jpg
Personal information
Full name Pieter Cornelis Martijn
van den Hoogenband
Nickname(s) The Flying Dutchman
Nationality Netherlands
Born (1978-03-14) 14 March 1978 (age 36)
Maastricht, Netherlands
Height 1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)
Weight 80 kilograms (180 lb)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Stroke(s) Freestyle

Pieter Cornelis Martijn van den Hoogenband (born 14 March 1978) is a Dutch former swimmer and a triple Olympic champion.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Born in Maastricht, Limburg, the son of Cees-Rein van den Hoogenband and Astrid Verver, a former Dutch 800 m freestyle silver medalist at the European Junior Championships, he grew up in Geldrop, where he swam for PSV Eindhoven.[citation needed] His father is a team doctor with the professional football team of the same club. In 1993, Van den Hoogenband achieved his first successes, performing well on the European Youth Olympic Days. He is a fan of the American band Pearl Jam and he listened to their music before a race to psyche himself up.[5]

Van den Hoogenband was married to the former medley swimmer Minouche Smit. They have a daughter Daphne (born 23 June 2007) and a son Sander (born 13 September 2009). In September 2012 the couple announced their separation, after which van den Hoogenband started dating Ranomi Kromowidjojo, also an elite swimmer.[6] They were chosen as the hottest couple of 2013 by several Dutch newspapers.[7]

Swimming career[edit]

Before the Atlanta Games, Astrid van den Hoogenband, who was coaching the Dutch team, became frustrated with the swimmers representing the Netherlands, feeling they had much potential but would not be able to live up to it due to lack of adequate support. She pleaded with Cees to take action, as he carried much weight from his professional connections.[citation needed] After Astrid threatened to remove Pieter from the sport, Cees created a small foundation and signed up 20 initial sponsors who each paid $2,500 to fund a team trainer. The Dutch swimming team eventually signed contracts with Philips, Nike, and Speedo. Enough funds were raised to open a swim school in Eindhoven, Van den Hoogenband's place of residence. The team eventually grew to ten. Pieter remained the Netherlands' brightest star, and along with fellow Dutch Inge de Bruijn brought the Netherlands many victories in the sport.[citation needed]

1996 Olympics[edit]

His international breakthrough came at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. Only 18 years old, Van den Hoogenband exceeded the expectations of many by finishing 4th in both the 100 m and 200 m freestyle. He won the 50m freestyle B final, and finished 5th in the 4×100m freestyle relay, 7th in the 4×200m freestyle relay and 10th in the 4×100m medley relay.

1998 World championships[edit]

World Championship medal record
1998 World Championships – Men's swimming
Competitor for Netherlands
Silver 4x200 m freestyle relay 7:16.77
Bronze 200 m freestyle 1:48.65

At the 1998 World Aquatics Championships in Perth, Australia, Van den Hoogenband won bronze medal in the 200 metre freestyle and silver in the 4 x 200 metre freestyle relay.

2000 Olympics[edit]

Olympic medal record
2000 Sydney – Men's swimming
Competitor for Netherlands
Gold 100 m freestyle 48.30
Gold 200 m freestyle 1:45.35
Bronze 50 m freestyle 22.03
Bronze 4×200 m freestyle relay 7:12.70

After winning 6 gold medals at the 1999 European Championships, he was one of the favourites at the 2000 Summer Olympics, but his adversaries were formidable. In the 200 m freestyle he faced the world record holder, Australian youngster Ian Thorpe, favourite of the home crowd in Sydney. In the semi-finals, Van den Hoogenband set a new world record, but Thorpe countered with a time only 0.02 s slower. In an exciting final, Van den Hoogenband equalled his time from the semi-finals to win the gold medal. In the 100 m freestyle, Van den Hoogenband again set a world record in the semi-finals and won his second gold medal, defeating the 1992 and 1996 champion, Alexander Popov. His 100 m world record stood until 21 March 2008 and was broken by France's Alain Bernard (47.60). Van den Hoogenband won two more medals, both bronze, in the 50 m freestyle and the 4×200 m freestyle relay, in which he was the final swimmer.[4]

Van den Hoogenband was named Dutch sportsman of the year in 1999, 2000 and 2004, World Swimmer of the Year in 2000, and European Swimmer of the Year in 1999, 2000, 2002 and 2004.[4]

2001 World championships[edit]

World Championship medal record
2001 World Championships – Men's swimming
Competitor for Netherlands
Silver 50 m freestyle 22.16
Silver 100 m freestyle 48.43
Silver 200 m freestyle 1:45.81
Silver 4x100 m freestyle relay 3:14.56

At the 2001 World Aquatics Championships in Fukuoka, Japan, Van den Hoogenband won four silver medals in the 50, 100, 200 and 4×100 m freestyle events.

2003 World championships[edit]

World Championship medal record
2003 World Championships – Men's swimming
Competitor for Netherlands
Silver 100 m freestyle 48.68
Silver 200 m freestyle 1:46.43
Bronze 50 m freestyle 22.29

At the 2003 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona he split a 46.70 in the medley relay which stood as the fastest 100m freestyle split until it was topped in 2008 by the French relay veteran Frédérick Bousquet, at 46.63 seconds. Van den Hoogenbands' 46.70, however, remains as the fastest textile relay split in history.

2004 Olympics[edit]

Olympic medal record
2004 Athens – Men's swimming
Competitor for Netherlands
Gold 100 m freestyle 48.17
Silver 200 m freestyle 1:45.23
Silver 4×100 m freestyle relay 3:14.36

At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, he won a gold medal in the 100 m freestyle and two silvers in the 200 m freestyle and the 4×100 m freestyle relay. He swam an anchor leg of 46.79 in the 4×100 m freestyle relay which was the 2nd fastest split in history. By finishing ahead of Michael Phelps in both the 200 m freestyle and the 4×100 m freestyle relay, he is the only swimmer to ever beat Phelps twice in Olympic competition.

2007 World championships[edit]

World Championship medal record
2007 World Championships – Men's swimming
Competitor for Netherlands
Silver 200 m freestyle 1:46.28

At the 2007 World Aquatics Championships in Melbourne, Australia, Van den Hoogenband won a silver medal in the 200 metre freestyle behind Michael Phelps.

2008 Olympics[edit]

He returned to the Olympic Games in 2008 in Beijing and finished fifth in the 100 m freestyle. He retired after the race. In the semifinals he broke his own national record that stood from 2000 Summer Olympics bringing it to 47.68 s.

In making the 100 m freestyle final, Van den Hoogenband became the first swimmer to make the finals in the same event four times.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "ESPN Sydney Swimming". Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "2004 Olympic Games swimming results". CNN. Retrieved 2007-07-22. 
  3. ^ "2003 World Championships – Short Course Swim Rankings results". Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  4. ^ a b c Pieter van den Hoogenband. sports-reference.com
  5. ^ "Swimming Athlete – Pieter van den Hoogenband". fitness.bf-1.com. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  6. ^ Pieter van den Hoogenband wil nog niet samenwonen met Ranomi. ad.nl. 25 April 2013
  7. ^ Ranomi en Pieter zijn leukste stel van 2013. RTL News. 26 December 2013

References[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Australia Michael Klim
Men's 100 metre freestyle
world record holder (long course)

19 September 2000 – 21 March 2008
Succeeded by
France Alain Bernard
Preceded by
Australia Ian Thorpe
Men's 200 metre freestyle
world record holder (long course)

17 September 2000 – 27 March 2001
Succeeded by
Australia Ian Thorpe
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Gianni Romme
Dutch Sportsman of the Year
1999 to 2000
Succeeded by
Erik Dekker
Preceded by
Erben Wennemars
Dutch Sportsman of the Year
2004
Succeeded by
Yuri van Gelder
Preceded by
Australia Ian Thorpe
World Swimmer of the Year
2000
Succeeded by
Australia Ian Thorpe
Preceded by
Ukraine Denys Sylantyev
European Swimmer of the Year
1999–2000
Succeeded by
Russia Roman Sloudnov
Preceded by
Russia Roman Sloudnov
European Swimmer of the Year
2002
Succeeded by
Russia Alexander Popov
Preceded by
Russia Alexander Popov
European Swimmer of the Year
2004
Succeeded by
Hungary László Cseh