|Cardinal Secretary of State|
|See||Santi Simone e Giuda Taddeo a Torre Angela|
|Appointed||15 October 2013|
|Predecessor||Tarcisio Bertone, SDB|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Santi Simone e Giuda Taddeo a Torre Angela|
|Ordination||27 April 1980
by Arnoldo Onisto
|Consecration||12 September 2009
by Benedict XVI
|Created Cardinal||22 February 2014
by Pope Francis
|Birth name||Pietro Parolin|
17 January 1955 |
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Pietro Parolin (/ˈpjetro paroˈliŋ/ born 17 January 1955) is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church. He has served as the Secretary of State since 15 October 2013. He was elevated to the cardinalate in the consistory that occurred on 22 February 2014. 
Parolin was born in Schiavon, Province of Vicenza, as the son of a hardware store manager and an elementary school teacher. He has one sister and a brother. When he was ten years old, his father died in a car accident. After he was ordained on 27 April 1980, he took up graduate studies in canon law at the Pontifical Gregorian University and at the same time diplomacy at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy. He entered the Holy See's diplomatic service in 1986 at the age of 31, and has served the Holy See as a diplomat for 20 years, in the nunciatures of Nigeria and Mexico.
He served for three years in the Nunciature of Nigeria and another three (1989–1992) in the Nunciature of Mexico. In Nigeria he became familiar with the problems in Christian-Muslim relations. During his time in Mexico he contributed to the final phase of the extensive work begun by Archbishop Girolamo Prigione which led to the legal recognition of the Catholic Church in 1992 and the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Holy See and Mexico. These laborious negotiations led to Mexico officially shedding the country’s secular and anti-clerical imprint, which extended to its Constitution.
Undersecretary of State for Relations with States
Parolin has also been at the forefront of Vatican efforts to approve and implement the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. Addressing the International Atomic Energy Agency on 18 September 2006, at its headquarters in Vienna, Austria, Msgr. Parolin referred to this treaty as "the basis to pursue nuclear disarmament and an important element for further development of nuclear energy applications for peaceful purposes." He said: "Since this treaty is the only multilateral legal instrument currently available, intended to bring about a nuclear weapons-free world, it must not be allowed to be weakened. Humanity deserves no less than the full cooperation of all states in this important matter."
Concerning recent developments in international negotiations on Iran's nuclear program, the Vatican official reaffirmed "that the present difficulties can and must be overcome through diplomatic channels, making use of all the means that diplomacy has at its disposal and considers necessary to eliminate all the elements which objectively impede mutual trust."
Parolin represented the Vatican in a variety of sensitive assignments, including trips to North Korea and Vietnam as well as the 2007 “Annapolis Conference” on the Middle East convened by the Bush administration.
As the Vatican’s “deputy foreign minister” he dealt with all the sensitive dossiers on the Holy See’s relations with Vietnam (he was partly responsible for paving the way to full diplomatic relations between the two) and the legal issues between the Vatican and Israel which remain unresolved. At the beginning of Pope Benedict's pontificate, direct contact was re-established with China. It was in this context that Benedict XVI sent Chinese Catholics the June 2007 Letter.
On 17 August 2009 Pope Benedict XVI appointed Msgr. Parolin to a new position as apostolic nuncio to Venezuela.
Talks between the government and Vatican have been held since 1990. Vietnam has one of Asia's largest Catholic populations, with more than 6 million followers. In the latest round of talks, a high-level Vatican delegation has spent the week in Vietnam meeting with top Hanoi officials in the hope of laying the groundwork for formal diplomatic relations. Msgr. Parolin held talks with the Vietnamese government in February 2009 where they agreed that "Vice Minister Quoc Cuong emphasised Vietnam's consistent policy on the freedom of belief as well as the achievements and current situation on religious affairs in Vietnam in recent years. Vice Minister Cuong expressed his wish for the Holy See's active contribution to the life of the Catholic community in Vietnam, the strengthening of solidarity between religions and of the entire Vietnamese population, and the strong cohesion of the Catholic Church in Vietnam with the nation through practical contributions to national construction. During the meeting, the two sides held in-depth and comprehensive discussions on bilateral relations, including issues related to the Catholic Church in Vietnam. The two sides also acknowledged the encouraging development in the relations between Vietnam and the Holy See since 1990. The two sides agreed that the first meeting of the Joint Working Group was a new and important step forward in their bilateral relations and greater efforts should be made to further promote bilateral ties.
"The two sides agreed to hold the second meeting of the Joint Working Group. The time and venue of meeting will be agreed upon in due course."
On 17 August 2009 Pope Benedict XVI appointed Msgr Parolin Apostolic Nuncio to Venezuela and Titular Archbishop of Aquipendium.  and on 12 September 2009, with Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone and William Cardinal Levada as co-consecrators, conferred episcopal ordination on him and on two other recently appointed apostolic nuncios Gabriele Giordano Caccia and Franco Coppola. Parolin's assignment was expected to be difficult, since conflicts between the State and the Church in Venezuela were on the rise as President Hugo Chavez attempted to advance his socialist revolution.
Secretary of State
Archbishop Parolin became, at 58, the youngest Secretary of State since 1929, when Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli (the future Pope Pius XII) was appointed to the position at the age of 53. He said, "The pope's initiatives have given the secretary of state an impetus and have also created a new diplomatic momentum." When asked if he would be spearheading a new diplomatic offensive for peace, he noted that it was a complicated question but said, "Yes, I hope that we can recoup" that drive. "We have this great advantage in respect to other churches, to other religions: We can count on an international institutional presence through diplomacy," he said.
On 16 December, Archbishop Parolin was appointed as a member of the Congregation for Bishops for a five-year renewable term. On 19 February 2014 he was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches.
- "Il Papa nomina Mons. Pietro Parolin nuove segretario di stato" (in Italian). Radio Vaticana. 2013-08-31. Retrieved 2013-08-31.
- "The talents of the priest and diplomat Fr. Pietro Parolin". Vatican Insider. 2013-08-30. Retrieved 2013-08-31.
- "Dettaglio decorato – Parolin Rev.mo Mons. Pietro" (in Italian). Presidenza della Repubblica. Retrieved 2013-08-31.
- Appointment of new Secretary of State
- "Resignation of the Secretary of State and Appointment of the New Secretary of State".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pietro Parolin.|
|Consecrated by:||Pope Benedict XVI|
|Bishop||Date of consecration|
|Aldo Giordano||December 14, 2013|
|Catholic Church titles|
|Undersecretary for Relations with States
30 October 2002 – 17 August 2009
|— TITULAR —
Archbisop of Acquapendente
17 August 2009 – present
|President of Interdicasterial Commission on Particular Churches
15 October 2013 – present
|President of Interdicasterial Commission for the Church in Eastern Europe
15 October 2013 – present
|Protector of Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy
15 October 2013 – present
|Apostolic Nuncio to Venezuela
17 August 2009 – 15 October 2013
|Secretary of State
15 October 2013 – present