Pigeon Lake, Alberta
Looking west over Pigeon Lake at sunset.
|Location||County of Wetaskiwin No. 10 / Leduc County, Alberta|
|Primary outflows||Pigeon Lake Creek|
|Catchment area||187 km2 (72 sq mi)|
|Max. length||13.1 km (8.1 mi)|
|Max. width||14.7 km (9.1 mi)|
|Surface area||96.7 km2 (37.3 sq mi)|
|Average depth||6.2 m (20 ft)|
|Max. depth||9.1 m (30 ft)|
|Surface elevation||852 m (2,795 ft)|
Pigeon Lake is a large lake in central Alberta, Canada. It is a popular recreation lake, with some shores having sandy beaches and others having steeper banks that are less suitable to "beach activities". Pigeon Lake is located close to large communities such as Edmonton, Leduc and Wetaskiwin. It lies within Leduc County and the County of Wetaskiwin No. 10, and is bounded by Pigeon Lake 138a Indian Reserve.
The lake has a total area of 96.7 km2 (37.3 sq mi) and a maximum depth of 9.1 m (30 ft). It has a catchment area of 187 km2 (72 sq mi), and is an early tributary of the Battle River, to which it is connected through the Pigeon Lake Creek.
It was called "Woodpecker Lake" until 1858, from Hmi-hmoo (or Ma-Me-O), the Cree word for woodpecker. In 1858 the name was changed to Pigeon Lake.
The Pigeon Lake Provincial Park is established on the western shore of the lake and is accessed from Highway 771. The Pigeon Lake Watershed Association is an organization actively promoting beneficial management practices in the lakes' watershed and protection of this natural resource.
Pigeon Lake is one of the most intensely used recreational areas in Alberta, with lots surrounding much of the lake, and over 2,300 private cottages, 10 summer villages and 9 hamlets established on its shores. Among the communities dotting the lake contour, the most prominent are the Ma-Me-O Beach, Silver Beach and Grandview areas, with Westerose, Norris Beach, Poplar Bay, Fisher Home, Mission Beach, Sundance Beach, Itaska Beach, Golden Days, and Argentia Beach. The lake is easily accessed along Highway 13 on the south side and Highway 616 on the north side, between Highways 2 and 20.
Recent concerns over increased frequency and intensity of cyanobacterial blooms has prompted intense study of the lake and its watershed. In 2013 work was done to characterize water quality, sediment quality, and non-fish biota. This data was then used to create a nutrient budget for lake and to undertake a BATHTUB model to explore future management options. Reports are available on Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development's website or on the Alberta Lake Management Society's webpage.
- Atlas of Alberta Lakes - Pigeon Lake
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