Pikalyovo, Leningrad Oblast

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Pikalyovo (English)
Пикалёво (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Leningrad Oblast in Russia
Pikalyovo is located in Leningrad Oblast
Pikalyovo
Pikalyovo
Location of Pikalyovo in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 59°32′N 34°08′E / 59.533°N 34.133°E / 59.533; 34.133Coordinates: 59°32′N 34°08′E / 59.533°N 34.133°E / 59.533; 34.133
Coat of Arms of Pikalyovo (Leningrad oblast).png
Flag of Pikalyovo (Leningrad oblast).svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Boksitogorsky District[1]
Settlement municipal formation Pikalyovskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Administrative center of Pikalyovskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2011)
Municipal district Boksitogorsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Pikalyovskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 21,562 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
First mentioned 1620[5]
Town status since December 9, 1954[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 187600–187602
Dialing code(s) +7 81366[8]
Official website
Pikalyovo on WikiCommons

Pikalyovo (Russian: Пикалёво) is a town in Boksitogorsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located 246 kilometers (153 mi) southeast of St. Petersburg and 25 kilometers (16 mi) east of Boksitogorsk. Population: 21,562 (2010 Census);[3] 23,325 (2002 Census);[9] 24,510 (1989 Census).[10]

History[edit]

Voskresensky Luchensky Pogost, which is located within the current boundaries of the town, was presumably founded in the 12th or 13th century.[5] At the time, it belonged to the Novgorod Republic.[5] Pikalyovo was first mentioned by name in 1620.[5] Eventually it became a village, and since 1906 the name was assigned to the newly built railway station on the railway connecting St. Petersburg and Vologda.[5] Since the 18th century, Pikalyovo was part of Tikhvinsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate.[5] In 1918, the uyezd was transferred to Cherepovets Governorate and between 1923 and 1927 Pikalyovo was the administrative center of Pikalyovskaya Volost.[11] On August 1, 1927, the governorate was abolished and Pikalyovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Pikalyovo was established as a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[12] In 1932, Pikalyovsky District was abolished.[12] The current area of the town was split between Tikhvinsky and Yefimovsky Districts.[13]

In 1935, the construction of a cement factory commenced.[11] The settlement serving the factory was named Pikalyovo after the railway station.[5] The cement plant was evacuated during World War II and after the war several industrial enterprises were built, including the aluminum oxide plant.[5] In 1947, Pikalyovo was granted urban-type settlement status.[14] On July 25, 1952, it was transferred to newly established Boksitogorsky District,[14] and on December 9, 1954, it was granted town status.[6] In 1992, it became the town of oblast significance.[13] In 2010, the administrative division of Leningrad Oblast was harmonized with the municipal division, and Pikalyovo was made the town of district significance.[15]

Pikalyovo was strongly hit by economic crises of the 1990s and the first decade of the 2000s. In one infamous episode, in 2009, about three hundred inhabitants blocked the highway between St. Petersburg and Vologda to protest wage retardation. Vladimir Putin, the then-Prime Minister of Russia, flew to Pikalyovo and, without going through any legal procedures, ordered Oleg Deripaska, the plant owner, to pay out the debts immediately.[16]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is is incorporated within Boksitogorsky District as Pikalyovskoye Settlement Municipal Formation.[1] As a municipal division, Pikalyovskoye Settlement Municipal Formation is incorporated within Boksitogorsky Municipal District as Pikalyovskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The town's industry was composed of a Rusal aluminum oxide plant, by-producing sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate, a cement factory, and a timber-processing plant.[17]

Transportation[edit]

A-114 IssadVologda autoroute passes 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) south of Pikalyovo. Autoroutes H-9 (Pikalyovo–Zarechye[clarification needed]) and H-7 (Pikalyovo–Kolbeki) pass directly through the town.

Pikalyovo is located on the railroad connecting St. Petersburg and Vologda. There are three railway stations in the town: Pikalyovo-1, Pikalyovo2-, and Obrinsky.

Both intra- and intercity bus services are available in Pikalyovo.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Pikalyovo hosts two museums. The Pikalyovo Local Museum shows mostly ethnographic collections.[18] There is also a museum of aluminum oxide plant, which concentrates on the history of the town.[19]

Sports[edit]

The town's Delfin swimming pool was the location of seven Soviet and three Russian championships, where fifty-seven world and European records were set.[11]

The town's association football team, FC Metallurg Pikalyovo, plays in the Leningrad Oblast championships.

Also available are a sport complex, an illuminated ski line, a sports school for children, ice-hockey areas, "Metallurg" stadium, and heavy athletics hall.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Pikalyovo is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c Law #78-oz
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "История города" (in Russian). Муниципальное образование «Город Пикалёво». Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Бокситогорский район (июль 1952 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  8. ^ "Телефонные коды Ленинградской области" (in Russian). Телефонные коды России. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c "Пикалёво: страницы истории" (in Russian). Saint Petersburg: Lenoblinform. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Пикалёвский район (август 1927 г. - январь 1932 г.)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Пикалёво, г." (in Russian). Encyclopedia of Leningrad Oblast. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "Тихвинский район (август 1927 г. - )" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Отчет о работе комитета по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Ленинградской области в 2010 году" (in Russian). Комитет по печати и связям с общественностью Ленинградской области. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  16. ^ "Protesting workers in northwest Russia paid wage arrears". RIA Novosti. 2009-06-04. 
  17. ^ "Общая информация о Бокситогорском муниципальном районе" (in Russian). Администрация Бокситогорского муниципального района. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Пикалевский краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved October 27, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Музей Пикалёвского глиноземного завода" (in Russian). Портал Пикалёво. Retrieved October 27, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №43-оз от 27 июня 2013 г. «О присоединении деревни Большая Загвоздка к городу Гатчина и о внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы в сфере административно-территориального устройства Ленинградской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #43-oz of June 27, 2013 On Merging the Village of Bolshaya Zagvozdka into the Town of Gatchina and on Amending Various Oblast Laws on the Subject of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №78-оз от 26 октября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Бокситогорский муниципальный район и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Областного закона №86-оз от 9 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменений в Областной закон "Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Бокситогорский муниципальный район и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (29 ноября 2004 г.). Опубликован: "Вестник Правительства Ленинградской области", №34, 19 ноября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #78-oz of October 26, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Boksitogorsky Municipal District and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Oblast Law #86-oz of November 9, 2011 On Amending the Oblast Law "On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Boksitogorsky Municipal District and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication (November 29, 2004).).