Pike County, Alabama

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Pike County, Alabama
Pike County Alabama Courthouse.JPG
Pike County Courthouse in Troy
Map of Alabama highlighting Pike County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 17, 1821
Named for Zebulon Pike
Seat Troy
Largest city Troy
Area
 • Total 672.10 sq mi (1,741 km2)
 • Land 671.03 sq mi (1,738 km2)
 • Water 1.06 sq mi (3 km2), (0.16%)
Population
 • (2010) 32,899
 • Density 49/sq mi (18.9/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.alabamagis.com/Pike/

Pike County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of General Zebulon Pike, of New Jersey, an explorer who led an expedition to southern Colorado and discovered Pikes Peak in 1806. As of the 2010 census the population was 32,899.[1] Its county seat is Troy.

History[edit]

In 1819 the State of Alabama was admitted to the Union and was soon organized into counties. Named after General Zebulon Montgomery Pike of New Jersey, Pike County was one of the oldest in the state, organized on December 17, 1821. The temporary county seat was established at the house of Andrew Townsend. Pike County comprised a large tract of country, so large that it was called the State of Pike, including a part of what are now Crenshaw, Montgomery, Macon, Bullock, and Barbour counties, and extended to the Chattahoochie River on the east.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 672.10 square miles (1,740.7 km2), of which 671.03 square miles (1,738.0 km2) (or 99.84%) is land and 1.06 square miles (2.7 km2) (or 0.16%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 7,108
1840 10,108 42.2%
1850 15,920 57.5%
1860 24,435 53.5%
1870 17,423 −28.7%
1880 20,640 18.5%
1890 24,423 18.3%
1900 29,172 19.4%
1910 30,815 5.6%
1920 31,631 2.6%
1930 32,240 1.9%
1940 32,493 0.8%
1950 30,608 −5.8%
1960 25,987 −15.1%
1970 25,038 −3.7%
1980 28,050 12.0%
1990 27,595 −1.6%
2000 29,605 7.3%
2010 32,899 11.1%
Est. 2012 33,182 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 29,605 people, 11,933 households, and 7,649 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 13,981 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 60.77% White, 36.60% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 1.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,933 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.60% were married couples living together, 16.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.90% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 15.80% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,551, and the median income for a family was $34,132. Males had a median income of $27,094 versus $18,758 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,904. About 18.50% of families and 23.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.90% of those under age 18 and 21.90% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory (1921). History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography II. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 1126. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°47′57″N 85°56′19″W / 31.79917°N 85.93861°W / 31.79917; -85.93861