Pike County, Pennsylvania
|Pike County, Pennsylvania|
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 8, 1814|
|• Total||567 sq mi (1,469 km2)|
|• Land||547 sq mi (1,417 km2)|
|• Water||20 sq mi (52 km2), 3.50%|
|• Density||105/sq mi (40.4/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Pike County is considered the most western edge of the Greater New York area surrounding New York City. As of 2006, Pike County was the fastest-growing county in the state of Pennsylvania. It is also the only Pennsylvania county in the Greater New York City Combined Statistical Area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Municipalities
- 6 Education
- 7 Notable natives and residents
- 8 See also
- 9 Sources
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The longtime original inhabitants were the Lenape Native Americans, known by the English colonists as the Delaware Indians because their territory was along the Delaware River (as named by the colonists), as well as the coastal mid-Atlantic area. In 1694, Governor Benjamin Fletcher of the colony of New York sent Captain Arent Schuyler to investigate claims that the French were recruiting Indian allies for use against the English. In 1696, governor Fletcher authorized purchases of Indian land near the New York border by a number of citizens of Ulster County; their descendants became the first European settlers of what became Pike County.
Nicholas Depui was the first to settle in the area, in 1725. Thomas Quick moved to the area that would become Milford in 1733. Andrew Dingman settled on the Delaware River at the future site of Dingmans Ferry in 1735. The early settlers got along well with the Lenape and traded with them. As settlement increased and their land practices encroached on Lenape uses, land disputes arose. The colonists' infamous Walking Purchase of 1737 swindled the Indians out of more than half of present-day Pike County. As they realized what had happened, violent conflicts arose between the Lenape and the colonists.
Early in the nineteenth century, coal was discovered nearby in the area that would become Carbondale. This became especially significant as the British restricted export of British coal to the United States after the War of 1812, creating a fuel shortage in rapidly expanding New York City. To get the coal to New York, developers proposed a gravity railroad from Carbondale to Honesdale, along with a canal from Honesdale to the Hudson River at Kingston.
The state of New York approved the canal proposal in 1823. Work on the 108-mile (174 km) Delaware and Hudson Canal began in 1825 and was completed in 1828. The canal system which terminated at the Hudson River near present-day Kingston, proved profitable. But, the barges had to cross the Delaware via a rope ferry across a "slackwater dam," which created bottlenecks in the canal traffic and added greatly to the cost of transportation.
John Roebling proposed continuing the canal over the river as part of an aqueduct. Built in 1848, his innovative design required only three piers, where five would ordinarily have been required; this allowed ice floes and timber rafts to pass under with less damage to the bridge. Three other suspension aqueducts were subsequently built for the canal. Roebling's Delaware Aqueduct is still standing, possibly the oldest suspension bridge in America; it has been named a National Historic Landmark.
For fifty-one years, coal flowed to New York City via the canal. But the development of railroads, which were faster, cheaper, and operated even when the canals were frozen, brought the end of the canal era. The New York and Erie Railroad supplanted the canal and in 1898 the water route was abandoned.
From 1904 to 1926, Grey Towers in the borough of Milford, Pennsylvania was the site of summer field study sessions for the Master's program of the Yale School of Forestry, together with the Forester's Hall, a commercial building that was adapted and expanded for this purpose.
In 1926, the Pennsylvania Power and Light Company built a hydroelectric plant on Wallenpaupack creek at the former village of Wilsonville. The town was evacuated and now lies under Lake Wallenpaupack, created by a dam. A crew of 2,700 men worked for two years to complete the dam for the project at a cost of $1,026,000. This required the acquisition of nearly a hundred properties, and a number of farms, barns, and homes were razed or moved. In addition, 17 miles (27 km) of roads and telephone lines were relocated, and a cemetery was moved to make way for the project.
The largely rural area of the county made it attractive as s country destination. Several camps were developed in the area of Milford, Pennsylvania, the county seat. It has several hundred late 19th and early 20th-century buildings that contribute to a National Historic District listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Yale ran summer field studies for its Master's program in forestry there from 1904 to 1926.
Since the late 20th century, Pike County has been the fastest-growing county in Pennsylvania; between 1990 and 2000, its population increased by 65.2%, and it grew an additional 16.9% between 2000 and 2004. The area has relatively low state and county taxes, affordable housing, and Interstate 80 and Interstate 84 provide rapid commutes to New York City's northern suburbs.
The terrain rises rapidly from the river valley in the east to the rolling foothills of the Poconos in the west. The highest point is one of two unnamed hills in Greene Township that top out at approximately 2,110 feet (643 m) above sea level. The lowest elevation is approximately 340 feet (103.6 m), at the confluence of the Bushkill and the Delaware rivers.
- Sullivan County, New York (north)
- Orange County, New York (east)
- Sussex County, New Jersey (southeast)
- Monroe County (southwest)
- Wayne County (northwest)
||Wayne County||Sullivan County, New York|
|Orange County, New York|
|Monroe County||Sussex County, New Jersey|
National protected areas
- Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area (part)
- Middle Delaware National Scenic River (part)
- Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River (part)
State protected area
As of the census of 2000, there were 46,302 people, 17,433 households, and 13,022 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 34,681 housing units at an average density of 63 per square mile (24/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.10% White, 3.27% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. 5.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.9% were of German, 18.6% Irish, 18.5% Italian, 6.2% English and 5.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 17,433 households out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.50% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.30% were non-families. 20.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.
As of November 2008, there are 45,753 registered voters in Pike County.
The Republican Party has been historically dominant in county-level politics. For statewide and national-level candidates, Pike County has leaned toward the Republican Party. In 2000 Republican George W. Bush won 53% to Democrat Al Gore's 42%. In 2004 Republican George W. Bush won 58% to Democrat John Kerry's 40%. In 2008 Republican John McCain won 51% to Democrat Barack Obama's 47%. But, due to population growth, new residents have led an increase in Democratic voting. In 2006, Democratic Governor Ed Rendell won Pike with 53%. Of the four statewide Democratic candidates in the 2008 election, the only one to carry Pike was Jack Wagner.
- Richard Caridi, Chairman, Republican
- Matthew M. Osterberg, Vice-Chairman, Republican
- Karl A. Wagner, Jr., Democrat
Other county offices
- Clerk of Courts and Prothonotary, Denise Fitzpatrick, Republican
- Coroner, Kevin Stroyan, Republican
- District Attorney, Raymond Tonkin, Republican
- Recorder of Deeds and Register of Wills, Sharon Schroeder, Republican
- Sheriff, Phillip Bueki, Republican
- Treasurer, John Gilpin, Republican
- Lisa Baker, Republican, 20th district
- Tom Marino, Republican, 10th district
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Pike County:
Public school districts
- Delaware Valley School District
- East Stroudsburg Area School District (also in Monroe County)
- Wallenpaupack Area School District
In 2011, Porter Township residents successfully petitioned the Pennsylvania Secretary of Education to transfer the township from East Stroudsburg Area School District to Wallenpaupack Area School District. The appeal by East Stroudsburg Area School District was heard by the Commonwealth Court in April 2012.
- Center for Developmental Disabilities of Pike Co, Ltd. – Milford
- New Life Christian Day School – Matamoras
- Sunshine Academy – Milford
As reported by Pennsylvania Department of Education – Education Names and Addresses, 2012
Notable natives and residents
- Gifford Pinchot - (1865–1946) was the first Chief of the United States Forest Service (1905–1910) and the Governor of Pennsylvania (1923–1927, 1931–1935).
- Vanessa Carlton - (born 1980) singer/songwriter
- Discover Pike, PA – History of Pike County
- History of Wayne County (Pike was originally part of Wayne)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- [dead link]
- ""National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania"" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System. Note: This includes Betz Steiner, Leon Husson, and Carson O. Helfrich (December 1982). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Forester's Hall" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Highest point located behind Panther Lodging on Route 447 Map of Terrain
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Running for Office. Dos.state.pa.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
- Pike County Public Library
- NPS-- Roebling's Delaware Aqueduct
- Tri State Observer News, Events, Arts & Weather for All of Pike County
- Alliance to Keep Pike County Green
- Pike County Chamber of Commerce
- Official web site of Pike County
- Pike County Courier, local newspaper