Pikeville, Kentucky

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Not to be confused with Pineville, Kentucky.
City of Pikeville, Kentucky
City
Main Street in Pikeville
Main Street in Pikeville
Official seal of City of Pikeville, Kentucky
Seal
Nickname(s): "The City That Moves Mountains"
Motto: For Progress
Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°28′38″N 82°31′48″W / 37.47722°N 82.53000°W / 37.47722; -82.53000Coordinates: 37°28′38″N 82°31′48″W / 37.47722°N 82.53000°W / 37.47722; -82.53000
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Pike
Established 1824[1]
Incorporated 1848[1]
Named for Pike County, Kentucky
Government
 • Type Council/Manager
 • Mayor Franklin D. Justice II
 • City Manager Donovan Blackburn
Area
 • Total 15.4 sq mi (40.0 km2)
 • Land 15.4 sq mi (40.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 679 ft (207 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,903
 • Density 408/sq mi (157.5/km2)
  U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Population Estimates
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 41501-41502
Area code(s) 606
FIPS code 21-60852
GNIS feature ID 0510155
Website www.cityofpikeville.com

Pikeville (local /pækvəl/)[2] is a city in Pike County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county.[3] During the 2010 U.S. Census, the population within Pikeville's city limits was 6,903; with its suburb Coal Run Village, the population is 8,609.

Though 2014, Pikeville is legally considered a 4th-class city in Kentucky's largely population-based city classification system. On January 1, 2015, following a radical simplification of the classification system, it will become a "Home Rule Class" city, a category that will include all of the state's more than 400 cities except for the two largest, Louisville and Lexington.[4]

History[edit]

The historic York House, built 1864
Aerial photo of Pikeville

On March 25, 1822, state officials decided to build a new county seat named "Liberty", 1.5 miles (2.4 km) below the mouth of the Russell Fork River. Public disapproval of the site[why?] led a new decision on December 24, 1823, to establish the county seat on land donated by local farmer Elijah Adkins.[2] This settlement was established as the town of Pike after the county in 1824.[1] This was changed in 1829 to Piketon[2] and the town was incorporated under that name in 1848.[1] In 1850, this was changed to the present Pikeville. Pikeville was host to a part of the Hatfield-McCoy feud, and patriarch Randall McCoy as well as his wife and daughter are buried on a hillside overlooking the town.[2][5][6]

The National Civic League designated Pikeville as an All-American City in 1965.[7]

From 1973 to 1987, the Pikeville Cut-Through was constructed immediately west of downtown. The massive rock cut is one of the largest civil engineering projects in the western hemisphere, moving nearly 18,000,000 cubic yards (14,000,000 m3) of soil and rock.[8] The project alleviated traffic congestion in downtown and eliminated flooding by rerouting the Levisa Fork River.

The city has been a center of rapid development in Eastern Kentucky since the 1990s. Pikeville College (now the University of Pikeville) opened the Kentucky College of Osteopathic Medicine in 1997.[9] The university is currently planning to open its school of optometry, the first in Central Appalachia, in 2016.[10] In October 2005, the 7,000 seat, multi-purpose Eastern Kentucky Exposition Center opened in downtown.[11] Pikeville Medical Center has established itself as a regional healthcare center. In 2013, construction began on a shopping center known as Pikeville Commons. The project will be completed in phases with the first stores to open in fall 2014.[12] In 2014, a new 11-story clinic and a 10-story parking structure was completed at a cost of $150 million. The hospital has also became a member of the Mayo Clinic Care Network.[13]

Geography[edit]

Pikeville is located at 37°28′45″N 82°31′08″W / 37.47917°N 82.51889°W / 37.47917; -82.51889 (37.477094, -82.530111). According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city covers a total land area of 15.4 square miles (40 km2), all land. As of March 2009, Pikeville set its new city limits to be 0.3 mile from its county line. This significantly affected the city of Coal Run Village, which was previously on the city limit of Pikeville.

The city is located in the Appalachian Mountains, along the Levisa Fork of the Big Sandy River. The downtown area is built in a narrow valley in a bend of the Levisa Fork that was bypassed in 1987 with the completion of the Pikeville Cut-Through, while places such as Weddington Square Plaza are built in a broader part of the river valley.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Pikeville, Kentucky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
93
(34)
90
(32)
96
(36)
99
(37)
104
(40)
105
(41)
107
(42)
104
(40)
98
(37)
88
(31)
82
(28)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 44
(7)
50
(10)
60
(16)
71
(22)
79
(26)
86
(30)
89
(32)
89
(32)
82
(28)
71
(22)
59
(15)
49
(9)
69.1
(20.8)
Average low °F (°C) 24
(−4)
25
(−4)
33
(1)
40
(4)
50
(10)
60
(16)
65
(18)
63
(17)
57
(14)
43
(6)
34
(1)
28
(−2)
43.5
(6.4)
Record low °F (°C) −18
(−28)
−7
(−22)
−4
(−20)
21
(−6)
30
(−1)
37
(3)
45
(7)
42
(6)
33
(1)
17
(−8)
6
(−14)
−10
(−23)
−18
(−28)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.72
(94.5)
3.25
(82.6)
3.85
(97.8)
3.66
(93)
3.96
(100.6)
4.09
(103.9)
4.20
(106.7)
4.20
(106.7)
3.27
(83.1)
2.89
(73.4)
3.10
(78.7)
3.58
(90.9)
43.77
(1,111.8)
Source: The Weather Channel.[14]

Demographics[edit]

Old Pike County Courthouse
Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 140
1880 246 75.7%
1890 456 85.4%
1900 508 11.4%
1910 1,280 152.0%
1920 2,110 64.8%
1930 3,376 60.0%
1940 4,185 24.0%
1950 5,154 23.2%
1960 4,754 −7.8%
1970 5,205 9.5%
1980 4,756 −8.6%
1990 6,324 33.0%
2000 6,295 −0.5%
2010 6,903 9.7%
Est. 2013 6,905 [15] 0.0%
U.S. Census Bureau[16]
The Academy Building at the University of Pikeville

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 6,295 people, 2,705 households, and 1,563 families residing in the city. The population density was 408.0 people per square mile (157.5/km²). There were 2,981 housing units at an average density of 193.2 per square mile (74.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.58% White, 2.64% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.

There were 2,763 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.2% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,026, and the median income for a family was $36,792. Males had a median income of $42,298 versus $19,306 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,426. About 21.2% of families and 25.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.7% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Pikeville Elementary School
  • St. Francis of Assisi School
  • Christ Central School
  • Mullins Elementary School
  • Millard Elementary School
  • Robinson Creek Elementary School
  • Dorton Elementary School
  • Johns Creek Elementary
  • Elkhorn City Elementary
  • Shelby Valley Elementary School

High schools[edit]

Three high schools are served by the Pikeville post office, but only Pikeville High is located in the city of Pikeville.

Colleges[edit]

Culture[edit]

Crowded Hambley Boulevard during Hillbilly Days 2013

Hillbilly Days is an annual festival held in mid-April in Pikeville, Kentucky celebrating the best of Appalachian culture. The event began by local Shriners as a fundraiser to support the Shriners Children's Hospital. It has grown since its beginning in 1976 and now is the second largest festival held in the state of Kentucky. Artists and craftspeople showcase their talents and sell their works on display. Nationally renowned musicians as well as the best of the regional mountain musicians share six different stages located throughout the downtown area of Pikeville. Want-to-be hillbillies from across the nation compete to come up with the wildest Hillbilly outfit. Fans of "mountain music" come from around the United States to hear this annual concentrated gathering of talent. The festival embraces the area's culture and past through company, music, and costume. The proceeds from the festival go to Shriners Hospitals for Children. [1]. The festival serves to honor and recognize the heritage of Appalachia, while poking fun at the stereotype associated with the region.

In the fall of 2005 the Eastern Kentucky Expo Center opened in downtown Pikeville. The center, which seats 7,000, features numerous events including world renowned concerts and shows. The city is also home to the Pikeville Concert Association which secures renowned cultural events for the area. These events usually take place at Booth Auditorium on the campus of the University of Pikeville.

The Expo Center will be home to the East Kentucky Energy of the American Basketball Association starting in fall 2010, and starting in spring 2011 it became home to the Kentucky Drillers of the Continental Indoor Football League.

In the Summer of 2011, Jenny Wiley Theatre group announced their collaboration with the city of Pikeville to construct a 400 seat indoor professional theater in downtown Pikeville. This news is met with criticism among the residents of Prestonsburg, Kentucky where the Jenny Wiley Theatre group currently resides due to the loss of a cultural icon in Floyd County. The Jenny Wiley Theatre opened the new indoor theatre on May 22, 2014.[19]

The Hatfield and McCoy River Trails, located on the Levisa Fork River, opened on April 26, 2014.[20] Construction of a new zipline complex will begin in September 2014 in Bob Amos Park. The project is expected to cost $500,000 and is planned to open in October 2014.[21] Alltech of Lexington has also announced the construction of a distillery, brewery and visitors center in downtown.[22]

Sister city[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Pikeville, Kentucky". Accessed 27 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d Rennick, Robert. Kentucky Place Names, p. 233. University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1987. Accessed 27 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Noble, Jeff (April 30, 2014). "Corbin, other Tri-County cities now in Home Rule Class". The Times-Tribune (Corbin, KY). Retrieved November 11, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Visit Pikeville". Accessed 16 July 2009.
  6. ^ City of Pikeville. "Visitors". Accessed 16 July 2009.
  7. ^ Past Winners of All-American City Award National Civic League. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
  8. ^ Maddox, Connie. The Pikeville Cut-Through Project (brochure). Pikeville-Pike County Tourism. Retrieved on 2014-05-19
  9. ^ History of Pikeville College School of Osteopathic Medicine Kentucky College of Osteopathic Medicine. Retrieved on 2014-05-20.
  10. ^ UPIKE Announces Kentucky College of Optometry University of Pikeville. Retrieved 2014-05-20,
  11. ^ About Eastern Kentucky Exposition Center. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
  12. ^ Thorton, Hillary (September 23, 2013). "Groundbreaking held for Pikeville Commons, store names revealed". WYMT-TV. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  13. ^ "Pikeville Medical Center in Kentucky Joins Mayo Clinic Care Network". Mayo Clinic. May 23, 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  14. ^ "MONTHLY AVERAGES for Pikeville, KY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved July 17, 2009. 
  15. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 Population Estimates U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-05-23
  16. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Retrieved on 2010-04-23
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ "History of PCSOM". Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  19. ^ Jenny Wiley Theatre opens second location in Pikeville WKYT-TV. Retrieved 2014-06-03.
  20. ^ utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter "Hatfield-McCoy River Trails set to open". Appalachian News-Express. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  21. ^ utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter "Ziplines to be installed at Bob Amos Park". Lexington Herald-Leader. 11 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  22. ^ utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter "Alltech plans to build distillery and brewery in Pikeville". Lexington Herald-Leader. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  23. ^ Interactive City Directory Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2014-05-20.

External links[edit]