Pileni is a culturally important island in the Reef Islands, in the northern part of the Solomon Islands province of Temotu. Despite its location in Melanesia, the population of the islands is Polynesian.
Pileni has a population of below 300 inhabitants and is around 200 m (660 ft) wide and 500 m (1,600 ft) long. It is vulnerable to tsunamis and the sea level rising.
The first church in Pileni was set up in the 1930s. The island was hit by cyclones in the 1950s, 1985 and 1993, and a tsunami struck the island in 1990. An extension school was set up on the island in 2002, the classroom of which is the island's only permanent building. From 2000, there has been a reported shortage of fish and shellfish, and some fruit trees have died.
- "The adaptive capacity of Pileni Island community, Viakau Ward, Temotu Province, Solomon Islands" (PDF). Australian Government under the PACCSAP program. 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
- "Vaeakau-Taumako". Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
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