Pilesgrove Township, New Jersey

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Pilesgrove Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Pilesgrove
Pilesgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Pilesgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Pilesgrove Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Pilesgrove Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°41′09″N 75°22′35″W / 39.685816°N 75.376425°W / 39.685816; -75.376425Coordinates: 39°41′09″N 75°22′35″W / 39.685816°N 75.376425°W / 39.685816; -75.376425[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Salem
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Kevin Eachus (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Maureen R. Abdill[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 35.073 sq mi (90.840 km2)
 • Land 34.843 sq mi (90.243 km2)
 • Water 0.230 sq mi (0.596 km2)  0.66%
Area rank 69th of 566 in state
5th of 15 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 62 ft (19 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 4,016
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 4,023
 • Rank 412th of 566 in state
6th of 15 in county[11]
 • Density 115.3/sq mi (44.5/km2)
 • Density rank 534th of 566 in state
8th of 15 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08098[12]
Area code(s) 856 exchange: 769[13]
FIPS code 3403358530[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882132[16][2]
Website www.pilesgrovenj.org

Pilesgrove Township is a township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,016,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 93 (+2.4%) from the 3,923 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 673 (+20.7%) from the 3,250 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

Pile's Grove was first mentioned in a deed dated April 15, 1701, through the date of the township's original corporation is unknown. Pilesgrove was incorporated as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships that were established on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken on December 6, 1769, to form Pittsgrove Township and on July 26, 1882 to create Woodstown.[18]

Geography[edit]

Pilesgrove Township is located at 39°41′09″N 75°22′35″W / 39.685816°N 75.376425°W / 39.685816; -75.376425 (39.685816,-75.376425). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 35.073 square miles (90.840 km2), of which, 34.843 square miles (90.243 km2) of it is land and 0.230 square miles (0.596 km2) of it (0.66%) is water.[1][2] The Salem River flows through the township.[19]

The township borders Oldmans Township, Carneys Point Township, Mannington Township, Alloway Township, Upper Pittsgrove Township. The Borough of Woodstown is an independent municipality within the boundaries of Pilesgrove Township. Pilesgrove Township also borders Gloucester County.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,756
1820 2,012 14.6%
1830 2,150 6.9%
1840 2,477 15.2%
1850 2,962 19.6%
1860 3,359 13.4%
1870 3,385 0.8%
1880 3,007 −11.2%
1890 1,796 * −40.3%
1900 1,744 −2.9%
1910 1,606 −7.9%
1920 1,770 10.2%
1930 1,815 2.5%
1940 1,614 −11.1%
1950 1,942 20.3%
1960 2,519 29.7%
1970 2,706 7.4%
1980 2,810 3.8%
1990 3,250 15.7%
2000 3,923 20.7%
2010 4,016 2.4%
Est. 2012 4,023 [10] 0.2%
Population sources: 1810-2000[20]
1810-1920[21] 1840[22] 1850-1870[23]
1850[24] 1870[25] 1880-1890[26]
1890-1910[27] 1910-1930[28]
1930-1990[29] 2000[30][31] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[18]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,016 people, 1,488 households, and 1,091 families residing in the township. The population density was 115.3 per square mile (44.5 /km2). There were 1,594 housing units at an average density of 45.7 per square mile (17.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 90.81% (3,647) White, 5.93% (238) Black or African American, 0.12% (5) Native American, 0.92% (37) Asian, 0.12% (5) Pacific Islander, 0.72% (29) from other races, and 1.37% (55) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.59% (104) of the population.[7]

There were 1,488 households, of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.[7]

In the township, 20.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 18.8% from 25 to 44, 32.4% from 45 to 64, and 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.3 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $87,083 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,552) and the median family income was $102,870 (+/- $13,121). Males had a median income of $63,352 (+/- $12,197) versus $59,700 (+/- $6,558) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,966 (+/- $3,754). About 0.8% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.[32]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 3,923 people, 1,216 households, and 994 families residing in the township. The population density was 112.4 people per square mile (43.4/km²). There were 1,261 housing units at an average density of 36.1 per square mile (13.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 84.63% White, 12.18% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.98% of the population.[30][31]

There were 1,216 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.1% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 14.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.24.[30][31]

In the township the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 107.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males.[30][31]

The median income for a household in the township was $66,042, and the median income for a family was $71,629. Males had a median income of $50,833 versus $31,806 for females. The per capita income for the township was $27,400. About 2.3% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.[30][31]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Pilesgrove is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government. The Township Committee consists of three members elected at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the council selects one of its members to serves as mayor and another as deputy mayor.

As of 2013, members of the Pilesgrove Township Committee are Mayor Kevin Eachus (R, term as mayor ends December 31, 2013; term on committee ends in 2015), Deputy Mayor Jesse Smith (R, term as deputy mayor and on committee ends in 2013) and David R. Bonowski (R, 2014).[33][34][35][36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Pilesgrove Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[8][38][39]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[41][42] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[43][44]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[45] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[46] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[47]

Salem County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2013, Salem County's Freeholders (with party, residence, term-end year and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Director Julie A. Acton (R, Pennsville Township, 2013; Administration), Deputy Director Ben Laury (R, Elmer, 2015; Public Works) Bruce L. Bobbitt (D, Pilesgrove Township, 2014; Health), Dale A. Cross (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Public Safety), Beth E. Timberman (D, Woodstown, 2015; Social Services), Robert J. Vanderslice (R, Pennsville, 2014; Public Services) Lee R. Ware (D, Elsinboro Township); Transportation, Agriculture & Cultural Affairs).[48] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Gilda T. Gill (2014),[49] Sheriff Charles M. Miller (2015)[50] and Surrogate Nicki A. Burke (2015).[51][52]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,908 registered voters in Pilesgrove Township, of which 678 (23.3% vs. 30.6% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 873 (30.0% vs. 21.0%) were registered as Republicans and 1,354 (46.6% vs. 48.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[53] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 72.4% (vs. 64.6% in Salem County) were registered to vote, including 90.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 84.4% countywide).[53][54]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,255 votes here (53.2% vs. 46.6% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,051 votes (44.6% vs. 50.4%) and other candidates with 26 votes (1.1% vs. 1.6%), among the 2,358 ballots cast by the township's 2,911 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.0% (vs. 71.8% in Salem County).[55] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,246 votes here (58.8% vs. 52.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 845 votes (39.9% vs. 45.9%) and other candidates with 22 votes (1.0% vs. 1.0%), among the 2,120 ballots cast by the township's 2,695 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.7% (vs. 71.0% in the whole county).[56]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 869 votes here (50.4% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 629 votes (36.5% vs. 39.9%), Independent Chris Daggett with 187 votes (10.8% vs. 9.7%) and other candidates with 18 votes (1.0% vs. 2.0%), among the 1,724 ballots cast by the township's 2,919 registered voters, yielding a 59.1% turnout (vs. 47.3% in the county).[57]

Education[edit]

The Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District serves students public school students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade from Woodstown and Pilesgrove Township in four schools. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[58]) are Early Childhood Learning Center[59] / Mary S. Shoemaker Elementary School[60] for grades PreK-4 (486 students), Woodstown Middle School[61] for grades 5-8 (383) and Woodstown High School[62] for grades 9-12 (766).[63][64] Students from neighboring Alloway Township, Oldmans Township and Upper Pittsgrove Township attend the high school as part of sending/receiving relationships.[65]

Transportation[edit]

The township had a total of 85.39 miles (137.42 km) of roadways, of which 43.86 miles (70.59 km) are maintained by the municipality, 29.94 miles (48.18 km) by Salem County, 10.79 miles (17.36 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.80 miles (1.29 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[66] U.S. Route 40 traverses the township roughly east to west[67] and Route 45 roughly south to north,[68] with the two roadways meeting in Woodstown, the donut at the center. The New Jersey Turnpike nicks the northwest corner of Pilesgrove Township[69] and County Route 581 cuts through the southeast corner.[70]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service to and from Philadelphia on the 401 route.[71] The 18.6 miles (29.9 km) southern portion of the freight rail Salem Branch operated under contract by Southern Railroad of New Jersey runs through the township.[citation needed]

Wineries[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Pilesgrove Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Township Officials, Pilesgrove Township. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Pilesgrove, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Pilesgrove township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Pilesgrove township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Pilesgrove, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Pilesgrove, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  14. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 29, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  18. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 216. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  19. ^ DeLorme (2005). New Jersey Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-324-9.
  20. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Salem County Municipalities, 1810 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  21. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  22. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 232, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  23. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 255, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed January 18, 2013. "Pilesgrove township was named from James Piles who was in early settlement a large landholder there... The population of the township in 1850 was 2,962; in 1860, 2,024; in 1870, 3,385."
  24. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  25. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  26. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  27. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  28. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  29. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Pilesgrove township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  31. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Pilesgrove township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  32. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Pilesgrove township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  33. ^ Township Committee, Pilesgrove Township. Accessed May 14, 2008.
  34. ^ Williams, Michael. "Pilesgrove officials eye public safety director position", South Jersey Times, January 9, 2013. Accessed January 18, 2013. "Also during last week’s reorganization meeting in Pilesgrove, Eachus was sworn-in to his second three-year term on committee, and he was appointed to continue serving as mayor for his third consecutive year. Committeeman Jesse Smith was appointed to continue serving as deputy mayor.... Township committee is comprised of three members, all of which are currently Republicans: Eachus, Smith and Committeeman David Bonowski."
  35. ^ Reorganization Meeting Minutes - January 3, 2012, Pilesgrove Township. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  36. ^ Williams, Michael. "Eachus named mayor in Pilesgrove Township; Smith joins committee", Today's Sunbeam, January 6, 2011. Accessed January 18, 2013. "Republican Committeeman Kevin Eachus, who was previously serving as the township’s deputy mayor, was chosen by the committee to step up into the position of mayor.... The newest member of the committee, Jesse B. Smith, was sworn-in and appointed as the new deputy mayor.Smith, also a Republican, won the November election."
  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  41. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  43. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  44. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  45. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  46. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  49. ^ Gilda T. Gill, Salem County Clerk, Salem County Clerk's Office . Accessed January 10, 2013.
  50. ^ Sheriff's Office, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  51. ^ A Message From Your Surrogate, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  52. ^ The Official Salem County Directory 2012, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  53. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Salem, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  54. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  55. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  56. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  57. ^ 2009 Governor: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  58. ^ Data for the Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed March 21, 2011.
  59. ^ Early Childhood Learning Center, Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  60. ^ Mary S. Shoemaker Elementary School, Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  61. ^ Woodstown Middle School, Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  62. ^ Woodstown High School, Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  63. ^ About the District, Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Located in Salem County, the Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District consists of four schools: Early Childhood Learning Center (grades Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten), Mary S. Shoemaker Elementary School (grades 1 through 5), Woodstown Middle School (grades 6 through 8), and Woodstown High School (grades 9 through 12). All four schools serve the residents of the Borough of Woodstown and Township of Pilesgrove. In addition, the high school receives students from Alloway and Upper Pittsgrove Townships as well as a portion of Oldmans Township."
  64. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  65. ^ Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 31, 2013. "This School Report Card provides the school district’s constituents with information concerning the district’s programs, including test scores, attendance data of students and staff, financial details, and other specifics which together form a comprehensive review of our school district’s offerings to the Woodstown-Pilesgrove community as well as the high school sending districts of Alloway, Oldmans, and Upper Pittsgrove.
  66. ^ Salem County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  67. ^ U.S. Route 40 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2009. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  68. ^ Route 45 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 2010. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  69. ^ New Jersey Turnpike Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  70. ^ County Route 581 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2006. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  71. ^ Salem County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 28, 2010. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  72. ^ Nathan Taylor Stratton. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 25, 2007.

External links[edit]