Pilgrims Hatch

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Pilgrims Hatch
The Black Horse, Pilgrim's Hatch - geograph.org.uk - 959648.jpg
The Black Horse, a pub in Pilgrims Hatch
Pilgrims Hatch is located in Essex
Pilgrims Hatch
Pilgrims Hatch
 Pilgrims Hatch shown within Essex
Population 5,000 
OS grid reference TQ585955
District Borough of Brentwood
Shire county Essex
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Brentwood
Postcode district CM15
Dialling code 01277
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Brentwood and Ongar
List of places
UK
England
Essex

Coordinates: 51°38′10″N 0°17′28″E / 51.636°N 0.291°E / 51.636; 0.291

Pilgrims Hatch is a residential suburb of Brentwood, Essex, in the east of England. There is a borough council ward bearing the name 'Pilgrims Hatch' which covers the Bishops Hall and Flower estates (the urban area north of the A12 road) and a small rural area to the north up to Ashwells Road and Days Lane. Pilgrims Hatch usually elects Liberal Democrat councillors. It has a population of around 5,000 people.

'Pilgrims Hatch' literally means Pilgrim's Gate (with 'hatch' being derived from the Old English form of haecc)[1] and, until recently, local schools used a large farmer's gate as a symbol of the area. While no longer common it is still the semi-official symbol of the village. One of the local schools that still has the "gate" incorporated within their school badge is Larchwood Primary School.

The name derived from 12th century Thomas Becket pilgrimages to Canterbury through Brentwood, a popular stopping place at the time, before travelling onto Tilbury for the ferry. Pilgrims from the Midlands would pass through Pilgrims Hatch en route to Brentwood.[2] At this time Pilgrims Hatch was not recognised as a community as such, having only a few properties in an area which was mainly open countryside and not settled in any numbers until the 20th century. The Chapman & André map of 1777 references 'Pilgrims Hatch Common' and shows limited development along what was to become the modern Ongar Road near the junction with Coxtie Green Road (Cox Green then). The main development of Pilgrims Hatch as a village occurred after World War II.[3]

Although population development may have been quite late, Pilgrims Hatch was home to a critical part of early communications infrastructure with Cable & Wireless having a substantial telegraph radio receiving station built on the junction of Hatch Road and Doddinghurst Road in 1921.[4] (with the associated transmitting station in nearby Chipping Ongar)[5] During World War II this site was considered sufficiently important in the war effort that substantial air defences were also constructed around it. Although some buildings from the site remained early into the 21st century it has now been transfomed into housing developments and an extension to Bishops Hall Park.

The Brentwood Centre is situated on the edge of Pilgrims Hatch, and is the centre of sport, leisure, and musical events within the borough. Numerous artists of note have performed there, including David Essex, Chuck Berry, Daniel O'Donnell, Lee Evans, and JLS. There is an annual Brentwood Festival held at the centre, as well as a traditional fireworks display on or close to Guy Fawkes Night each year.

The area relies mainly on Brentwood's high street stores and supermarkets, but does have a number of local shops and businesses. It also is well served by local restaurants, takeaways and pubs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/english/ins/ - Institute for Name Studies
  2. ^ Brentwood Gazette newspaper, 17 September 2008, page 31
  3. ^ Brentwood - A History by Jennifer Ward ISBN 1-86077-279-X - pages 2 & 54 & inside cover for map
  4. ^ Brentwood - A History by Jennifer Ward ISBN 1-86077-279-X - page 116
  5. ^ http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/wmss/online/modern/marconi/marconi.html