Pilisszentkereszt

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Pilisszentkereszt
The ruins of the Benedictine abbey from the air
The ruins of the Benedictine abbey from the air
Country  Hungary
County Pest
Area
 • Total 17.21 km2 (6.64 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 2,275
 • Density 124.8/km2 (323/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2098
Area code(s) 26

Pilisszentkereszt (Slovak: Mlynky), Pilis Szent-Kereszt means "St. Cross in Pilis" is a village in Pest county, Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary, some 20 km from Budapest in the Pilis Mountains.

History[edit]

The territory of Pilisszentkereszt and the surrounding lands were inhabited in the prehistoric times, living in the nearby caves, but later they left the area. During the Roman times logging was common in the nearby woods.

The village was established by Hungarians in the 12th century around a Cistercian abbey,[1] which itself was established at May 27, 1184. The abbey, as well as the village was destroyed during the Turkish occupation of the region, in an attack at September 7, 1526. Some Benedictines may have lived here after the attack, until about 1541, when they finally left the uttering Turkish rule. After the reconquista of Ottoman Hungary, in 1747, a group of Slovak migrants arrived at the scene to reestablish it, from neighbouring Pilisszántó. Later more Slovaks arrived from all around the Kingdom of Hungary, but many left in 1782. To fill the gaps, some German (mainly Swabian) settlers arrived in 1785.

In the 2001 census 54.6% of the total population or approximately 1,170 people declared themselves ethnic Slovaks,[2][3] being the only settlement in Hungary where ethnic Slovaks are forming a majority.

Famous people[edit]

Queen Gertrude of Merania (d. 1213) is buried in the graveyard of Pilisszentkereszt Abbey.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ hu:Pilisszentkereszt
  2. ^ "Ombudsman finds irregularities in ethnic Slovak village". The Budapest Times. 2008-04-01. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  3. ^ "Mlynky? Nenápadná rozbuška" (in Slovak). Pravda. March 27, 2008. Retrieved April 22, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Andechs-Meran, Gertrude". Find a grave. Retrieved 2008-04-23. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°42′N 18°54′E / 47.700°N 18.900°E / 47.700; 18.900