Pilocarpus

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Pilocarpus
Pilocarpus pennatifolius - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-238.jpg
Paraguay Jaborandi (Pilocarpus pennatifolius)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Pilocarpus
Vahl
Species

See text

Pilocarpus is a genus of about 13 species of plants belonging to the family Rutaceae, native to the neotropics of South America. Various species are important pharmacologically as a source of the parasympathomimetic alkaloid Pilocarpine.[1] Many of the species have the common name Jaborandi.

Etymology[edit]

The taxonomic name Pilocarpus means cap-shaped fruit.

Species[edit]

Selected species

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Abreu, Ilka Nacif; Sawaya, Alexandra Cristine H. F.; Eberlin, Marcos Nogueira; Mazzafera, Paulo (November–December 2005). "Production of Pilocarpine in Callus of Jaborandi (Pilocarpus microphyllus Stapf)". In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Plant (Society for In Vitro Biology) 41 (6): 806–811. 
  2. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jaborandi". Encyclopædia Britannica 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 104. 

External links[edit]