Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR

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Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
Летчик-космонавт СССР.jpg
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (obverse)
Awarded by  Soviet Union
Type Honorary title
Eligibility Soviet citizens
Awarded for Space flight
Status No longer awarded
Statistics
Established 16 April 1961
Total awarded 72
Related Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation
First man in space Yuri Gagarin, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" #1 (1964 photo)
First woman in space Valentina Tereshkova, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" #6 (1969 photo)
Veteran of three space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Valery Ryumin (1998 photo)
Veteran of three space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Viktor Gorbatko (2011 photo)
Veteran of six space flights, "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR" Sergei Krikalev (2004 photo)

The honorary title Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (Russian: Летчик-космонавт СССР) was a state award of the Soviet Union presented to all cosmonauts who flew for the Soviet Space Agency. Usually accompanying the distinction was the title of Hero of the USSR, the highest title that could be awarded to a Soviet citizen for performing heroic deeds while in service of the state.

History of the title[edit]

The title was established by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on 14 April 1961.[1] It was awarded until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 where it was retained by the Law of the Russian Federation 2555-1 dated 20 March 1992[2] with a few slight amendments and renamed Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation.

Award statute[edit]

The title was assigned by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet for the outstanding feat of space flight. The insignia of Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR is worn on the right side of the chest above orders and decorations.[1] If worn with honorary titles of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence.[3]

Award description[edit]

The title is a 25mm wide by 23.8mm high convex pentagon with a gilt silver rim. In the center is an image of the terrestrial globe with the territory of the Soviet Union enamelled in red. A gold star denotes Moscow as the point of origin of a gilt orbital path going around the globe once to reach a silver satellite at the upper left of the globe. A second orbital path, this time enamelled in red, starts at the bottom center of the globe going up in an arc narrowing along the way to reach a gilt spacecraft above the globe. Along the upper left edge of the pentagon above the globe, the gilt relief inscription "PILOT" (Russian: ЛЕТЧИК), along the upper right edge of the pentagon above the globe, the gilt relief inscription "COSMONAUT" (Russian: КОСМОНАВТ), along the bottom edge of the pentagon under the globe, the gilt inscription "USSR" (Russian: СССР), along the left and right lower edges of the pentagon, prominent gilt laurel branches. The reverse of the insignia is plain except for the award serial number.[1]

The insignia is secured to a standard Russian square mount by a ring through the suspension loop. The award is secured to clothing with a threaded stud and nut behind the mount. The mount is covered by a silk moiré red ribbon.[1]

List of Pilot-Cosmonauts of the USSR[edit]

The individuals listed below have all received the honorary title "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR".[4]

  1. 1961 — Yuri Gagarin
  2. 1961 — Gherman Titov
  3. 1962 — Andriyan Nikolayev
  4. 1962 — Pavel Popovich
  5. 1963 — Valery Bykovsky
  6. 1963 — Valentina Tereshkova
  7. 1964 — Boris Yegorov
  8. 1964 — Vladimir Komarov
  9. 1964 — Konstantin Feoktistov
  10. 1965 — Pavel Belyayev
  11. 1965 — Alexey Leonov
  12. 1968 — Georgy Beregovoy
  13. 1969 — Vladislav Volkov
  14. 1969 — Boris Volynov
  15. 1969 — Viktor Gorbatko
  16. 1969 — Aleksei Yeliseyev
  17. 1969 — Valeri Kubasov
  18. 1969 — Anatoly Filipchenko
  19. 1969 — Yevgeny Khrunov
  20. 1969 — Vladimir Shatalov
  21. 1969 — Georgy Shonin
  22. 1970 — Vitaly Sevastyanov
  23. 1971 — Nikolay Rukavishnikov
  24. 1973 — Pyotr Klimuk
  25. 1973 — Vasily Lazarev
  26. 1973 — Valentin Lebedev
  27. 1973 — Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov
  28. 1974 — Yury Artyukhin
  29. 1974 — Lev Dyomin
  30. 1974 — Gennadi Sarafanov
  31. 1975 — Georgy Grechko
  32. 1975 — Aleksei Gubarev
  33. 1976 — Vladimir Aksyonov
  34. 1976 — Vitaly Zholobov
  35. 1976 — Vyacheslav Zudov
  36. 1976 — Valery Rozhdestvensky
  37. 1977 — Yury Glazkov
  38. 1977 — Vladimir Kovalyonok
  39. 1977 — Valery Ryumin
  40. 1978 — Vladimir Dzhanibekov
  41. 1978 — Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
  42. 1978 — Yury Romanenko
  43. 1979 — Vladimir Lyakhov
  44. 1980 — Leonid Kizim
  45. 1980 — Yury Vasilyevich Malyshev
  46. 1980 — Leonid Popov
  47. 1980 — Gennadi Strekalov
  48. 1981 — Viktor Savinykh
  49. 1982 — Anatoly Berezovoy
  50. 1982 — Svetlana Savitskaya
  51. 1982 — Aleksandr Serebrov
  52. 1983 — Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov
  53. 1983 — Vladimir Titov
  54. 1984 — Oleg Atkov
  55. 1984 — Igor Volk
  56. 1984 — Vladimir Solovyov
  57. 1985 — Vladimir Vasyutin
  58. 1985 — Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov
  59. 1987 — Aleksandr Viktorenko
  60. 1987 — Aleksandr Laveykin
  61. 1987 — Anatoli Levchenko
  62. 1988 — Musa Manarov
  63. 1988 — Anatoly Solovyev
  64. 1989 — Sergei Krikalev
  65. 1989 — Valeri Polyakov
  66. 1990 — Aleksandr Nikolayevich Balandin
  67. 1991 — Anatoly Artsebarsky
  68. 1991 — Toktar Aubakirov
  69. 1991 — Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasyev
  70. 1991 — Gennadi Manakov

Georgy Dobrovolsky and Viktor Patsayev, who were killed during the Soyuz 11 reentry, did not receive the title.[5]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 14 April 1961" (in Russian). Legal Library of the USSR. 1961-04-14. Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  2. ^ "Law of the Russian Federation of 20 March 1992 No 2555-1" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  3. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 7 September 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  4. ^ "List of Pilot-Cosmonauts of the USSR compiled from RU.WIKIPEDIA" (in Russian). Russian Wikipedia. 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  5. ^ http://enc-dic.com/enc_tech/Letchik-kosmonavt-sssr-1754.html

External links[edit]