New Haven Open at Yale
This article is about the former New Haven joint tennis event. It is now a women's-only event. For the New Haven men's tennis event known as Volvo International (or Pilot Pen International), click here.
|Location||New Haven, Connecticut
|Venue||Cullman-Heyman Tennis Center|
|ATP World Tour|
|Category||ATP World Series
ATP International Series
ATP World Tour 250 series
|Draw||48S / 32Q / 16D|
|Category||WTA Tier IV
WTA Tier III
WTA Tier II
WTA Premier Tournaments
WTA International Tournaments
|Draw||32M / 32Q / 16D|
The New Haven Open at Yale (also known as the New Haven Open at Yale presented by First Niagara for sponsorship reasons) is a professional tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts. It is a Premier tournament on the WTA Tour. Until 2010 the tournament was part of the ATP World Tour 250 series of the ATP Tour. It is held annually at the Cullman-Heyman Tennis Center in New Haven, Connecticut, United States, just before the fourth and last Grand Slam tournament of the year, the US Open.
The tournament was created in 1948 as the U.S. Women's Hardcourt Championships and first played in Sacramento, California in the United States. Over the twenty years of its first run the event was moved regularly to several U.S. locations including San Francisco, Berkeley, California, Salt Lake City, Utah, Seattle, Washington, La Jolla, San Diego, California and Denver, Colorado. Among the winners of the event were Doris Hart, Darlene Hard, Nancy Richey, Rosemary Casals, Billie Jean King and Jane Bartkowicz. The event was discontinued in 1969 following the beginning of the Open Era.
In 1988 the United States Tennis Association (USTA) decided to reinstate the tournament. The first edition of the new U.S. Women's Hardcourt Championships were held that year in San Antonio, Texas, first as part of Tier IV of the WTA Tour, then as an upgraded Tier III event in 1990. The championships were first sponsored by Post Cereals in 1990 and by Acura from 1992 to 1994. Over the first years of its second run the tournament had several past or future World No. 1s among its champions, such as Steffi Graf, Monica Seles and Martina Navratilova. After the event was moved to Stratton Mountain, Vermont for the 1993 and 1994 editions, conflicts with the 1996 Summer Olympics prevented the tournament from being held in 1995 and 1996. In 1997 the event returned again, now within Tier II and first taking place in Stone Mountain, Georgia, then in its current location of New Haven, Connecticut in 1998 under the new sponsorship of Pilot Pen. In the first years of its run in New Haven the event saw its competition dominated by Lindsay Davenport (four-time runner-up in New Haven, one previous time in Stone Mountain, and 2005 champion) and Venus Williams (four-time champion from 1999 to 2002).
When it arrived in New Haven in 1998, the Pilot Pen International became the second tennis tournament of New Haven, alongside the men's Pilot Pen International, first created in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire in 1973 as the Volvo International, and moved to Connecticut in 1990, where it took Pilot Pen sponsorship in 1997. When the men's event was cancelled in 1999, the women's Pilot Pen tournament remained the only one of the region until 2005, when the USTA decided to purchase the men's tournament of Long Island, New York.
Creating the first large joint ATP–WTA tournament leading to the US Open, the 2005 merge allowed the Pilot Pen Tennis, which also became the last event of the US Open Series, to continue to attract top players, with Caroline Wozniacki, Svetlana Kuznetsova, James Blake, Justine Henin and Nikolay Davydenko winning the event in recent years.
In 2011 the tournament dropped the men's competition and renamed the now women's-only event the "New Haven Open at Yale." The men's competition was moved to Winston-Salem. In 2013, the United States Tennis Association decided to downgrade the tournament from WTA premier to international level, with a decrease of the prize money from $690.000 to $235.000.
Past finals 
Men's singles 
Women's singles 
- From 1948 through 1950, the U.S. Women's Hardcourt Championships were a combined event with the Pacific Coast Championships.
Men's doubles 
Women's doubles 
2011 Earthquake 
- pilotpentennis.com (2008-08-15). "2008 Pilot Pen Tennis Press Guide". Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- sonyericssonwtatour.com. "Sony Ericsson WTA Tour Final Results: 1971-2007". Archived from the original on 2008-05-29. Retrieved 2008-09-07.
- "USTA buys ATP event, moves it to New Haven". USA Today. Associated Press. 2005-05-09. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- USTA (2005-05-10). "USTA purchases ATP men's tournament to create first combined summer event". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Tennis tournament continues as New Haven Open at Yale". New Haven Open at Yale website. 2010-10-21. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
- "Addio al WTA di Dallas (vinto lo scorso anno da Roberta Vinci). New Haven diventa International". livetennis.it. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
- "Magnitude 5.8 - VIRGINIA". Virginia: USGS. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
- "Earthquake Causes Evacuation At New Haven Open". The Huffington Post. Huffington Post. September 2, 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: New Haven Open at Yale|
- Official website
- atptennis.com profile (New Haven years)
- atptennis.com profile (Long Island years)
- sonyericssonwtatour.com profile (New Haven years)