Pima, Arizona

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Pima, Arizona
Town
Location in Graham County and the state of Arizona
Location in Graham County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 32°53′19″N 109°49′42″W / 32.88861°N 109.82833°W / 32.88861; -109.82833Coordinates: 32°53′19″N 109°49′42″W / 32.88861°N 109.82833°W / 32.88861; -109.82833
Country United States
State Arizona
County Graham
Area
 • Total 2.5 sq mi (6.6 km2)
 • Land 2.5 sq mi (6.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,838 ft (865 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 2,387
 • Estimate (2013)[2] 2,466
 • Density 786.0/sq mi (297.7/km2)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 85535, 85543
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-55560
Website Town of Pima

Pima is a town in Graham County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 census, the population of the town is 2,387.[1] It is part of the Safford Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Pima was founded by Mormon settlers in 1879. It was originally named Smithville. The first settlers had been living in Forrest Dale, but then were told they had to leave because the location was on Indian land. Unlike other Mormon settlements of the era, Smithville was not planned by the leaders of the church.[3]

Joseph K. Rogers was the first branch president at Pima, being appointed to this office before any of the settlers arrived.[4] The branch was organized into a ward in 1880.[5] In 1930 the ward had 666 members. Pima had a population of 980, and a total of 1,260 people resided within the boundaries of the Pima ward.[6] In 1990 Pima had 1,725 residents.

In 1882 Jesse N. Smith predicted that a Mormon temple would one day be built in Pima.[7] The Gila Valley Arizona Temple is currently at a site between Pima and Thatcher.[8]

Geography[edit]

Pima is located at 32°53′19″N 109°49′42″W / 32.88861°N 109.82833°W / 32.88861; -109.82833 (32.888631, −109.828279).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 750
1900 521 −30.5%
1910 500 −4.0%
1920 515 3.0%
1930 980 90.3%
1940 867 −11.5%
1950 824 −5.0%
1960 806 −2.2%
1970 1,184 46.9%
1980 1,599 35.1%
1990 1,725 7.9%
2000 1,989 15.3%
2010 2,387 20.0%
Est. 2013 2,466 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2013 Estimate[2]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 1,989 people, 663 households, and 521 families residing in the town. The population density was 787.0 people per square mile (303.5/km²). There were 735 housing units at an average density of 290.8 per square mile (112.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.03% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 9.85% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. 20.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 663 households out of which 42.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.4% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the town the population was spread out with 34.3% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $30,985, and the median income for a family was $34,900. Males had a median income of $31,765 versus $21,042 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,896. About 15.0% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-23. 
  3. ^ McClintock, James H. (1921). Mormon settlement in Arizona. Phoenix, Arizona: Office of the Arizona State Historian. pp. 244–246. Retrieved April 20, 2009. 
  4. ^ Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1941) p. 654
  5. ^ Jenson. Encyclopedic History. p. 654.
  6. ^ Jenson. Encyclopedic History. p. 654
  7. ^ McClintock (1921), p. 223.
  8. ^ Adair, Jill (February 16, 2009). "Ground broken for Gila Valley temple". Church News. Retrieved 2009-04-08. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.