Pimenta (genus)

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For other uses, see Pimenta (disambiguation).
Pimenta
Pimenta dioica, flowers.jpg
Pimenta dioica flowers
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Myrtoideae
Tribe: Myrteae
Genus: Pimenta
Lindl.[1]
Synonyms[2][1]

Pimenta is a genus of flowering plants in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae described as a genus in 1821.[3][4] It is native to Central and South America, Mexico, and the West Indies.[2]

Well-known species include allspice (P. dioica) and the West Indian bay tree (P. racemosa). The name is derived from the Spanish word pimienta, meaning "peppercorn." It refers to the berries of P. dioica.[5]

Species[2][6]
  1. Pimenta adenoclada (Urb.) Burret (Cuba)
  2. Pimenta cainitoides (Urb.) Burret (Cuba, Dominican Rep)
  3. Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. – allspice (Southern Mexico, Central America, Greater Antilles, Cayman Is, Bahamas)
  4. Pimenta ferruginea (Griseb.) Burret (Cuba)
  5. Pimenta filipes (Urb.) Burret (Cuba)
  6. Pimenta guatemalensis (Lundell) Lundell - Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama
  7. Pimenta haitiensis (Urb.) Landrum (Haiti, Dominican Republic)
  8. Pimenta jamaicensis (Britton & Harris) Proctor (Jamaica)
  9. Pimenta obscura Proctor (Jamaica)
  10. Pimenta odiolens (Urb.) Burret (Cuba)
  11. Pimenta oligantha (Urb.) Burret (Cuba)
  12. Pimenta podocarpoides (F.Areces) Landrum (Cuba)
  13. Pimenta pseudocaryophillus - Brazil, Bolivia
  14. Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) J.W.Moore – West Indian bay tree (the Caribbean) - Cayman Is, Cuba, Hisppaniola, Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles, Trinidad, Venezuela
  15. Pimenta richardii Proctor (Jamaica)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Pimenta Lindl.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-01-27. Retrieved 2012-01-27. 
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Lindley, John. 1821. Collectanea Botanica 4: sub t. 19
  4. ^ Tropicos, Pimenta Lindl.
  5. ^ Weiss, E. A (2002). Spice Crops. CABI. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-85199-605-9. 
  6. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Pimenta". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2012-01-27. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Pimenta at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Pimenta at Wikispecies