As of 2011[update] India census, Pimpri-Chinchwad had a population of 1,729,320 (male population 945,000 and female population 783,000). Pimpri-Chinchwad has an average literacy rate of 87.19, higher than the national average of 74.04%. In Pimpri-Chinchwad, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The current commissioner of Pimpri-Chinchwad is Mr. Vicky Israni  who replaced Mr. Ashish Sharma for the post who held it for four years. The additional commissioner is Mr. Prakash Kadam. Mrs. Mohini Lande is the current mayor and Raju Misal is Deputy-Mayor of Pimpri-Chinchwad. The JNNURM award for Best Performing City under Sub-Mission for Urban Infrastructure and Governance was given to Pimpri-Chinchwad.
The township is situated at a height of 530 m above the sea level. It is blessed with pleasant climate all the year round. Three rivers Pavana, Mula and Indrayani flow through this area. Pimpri-Chinchwad sources its water from the Pavana river but release of domestic and industrial effluents, dumping of debris and domestic pollution has severely affected the quality of the Pavana water, though recently efforts have been taken to improve the quality of water, which have been successful in some places along the riverside.
The main localities in Pimpri-Chinchwad are Chinchwad, Pimpri, Nigdi, Akurdi, Kalewadi,and Bhosari. The name Chinchwad is derived from the trees Chinch (tamarind) and Wad (banyan). Chinchwad is famous for Saint Morya Gosavi’s Shrine, which is one of the lord Ganesha’s shaktipeeth in Maharashtra state. Due to the flooding of the river Pavana every year, the temple gets submerged in the river water. Local people consider it as bathing of lord Ganesha. Chinchwad is also the birthplace of the Chapekar brothers. Pimpri-Chinchwad is home to the historic town of Bhosari, originally known as Bhojapuri. Two thousand years ago, it was the capital of legendary Hindu king Bhoj. During the period of Mahabharata this town was known as Bhojakata, the capital of the Bhoja-Yadava king Rukmi. It is mentioned in Mahabharata that Bhojakata lay to the west of Kundinapuri, the capital of Vidarbha Kingdom.