Pinarello

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Pinarello
Type Private
Industry Bicycles
Founded 1952
Founder(s) Giovanni Pinarello
Headquarters Treviso, Italy
Area served Worldwide
Products Bicycles and related components
Website pinarello.com

Cicli Pinarello S.p.A. (1952–present) is an Italian bicycle company in Treviso, Italy. It supplies mostly handmade bicycles for the road, track and cyclo-cross.

History[edit]

Giovanni Pinarello was born in Catena di Villorba, Italy in 1922. He was the eighth of 12 brothers. At the age of fifteen, Giovanni began making bicycles at the factory of Paglianti. After a successful amateur career he turned professional in 1947, aged 25.[1][2][3][4]

Historical Models[edit]

The Montello SLX

The Pinarello Montello SLX model frame was one of the most responsive of the mid to late 1980s as shown by wins in events such as the 1984 Summer Olympics Road Race, Vuelta a España, the Giro d'Italia and stages of the Tour de France.[5] The Montello had a brake cable through the top tube, chrome sloping front forks and a chrome rear triangle on later models, early models just had chrome on the drive side chain stay. The Montello SLX was in red, blue and Spumoni.[6] Pinarellos from the mid-1980s have had their paint and decals restored by collectors as factory-applied decals flaked.[7] The Montello was fabricated from Columbus SLX butted tubing with rifling down the inside center. The bottom bracket was investment cast with the Pinarello logo and the dropouts were by Campagnolo. Braze-ons for down-tube shifters, front derailleur and two water bottles were provided. The GPT logo (for Giovanni Pinarello, Treviso) appeared in many locations.

The Pinarello Treviso was the second-in-line model under the Montello SLX in the mid-to-late '80's. Built with Columbus SL tubing, it featured a painted fork and seat stays, with chromed chain stays. This model also featured the sloping fork crown. On the road it is easily distinguished from the Montello by the single chrome chain stay. However, some older models of the Treviso (1981) did not have the chrome chain stay.

After the Montello SLX, Pinarello departed from his standard production design with parallel seat and head tube angles and created the Gavia. This provided more saddle setback than the Montello or other Pinarello designs. Greg LeMond, the winner of the Tour de France in 1986, 1989 and 1990,[8] promoted designs that pushed the saddle further back.[9] The Gavia was constructed of Columbus TSX tubing. This model was available in red, blue with pearl white panels and pearl white with fluorescent splatter.[6]

Jan Ullrich's 1997 Tour de France winning Paris FP

The Pinarello Paris in the mid-1990s was a 7005 series aluminium bike with an aluminium fork later replaced by the aria carbon fork. It was upon this frame that Jan Ullrich and Bjarne Riis won the Tour de France. Winner of the 2007 Editor's Choice award for a road racing bicycle from Bicycling Magazine, the Pinarello Paris FP is the premier monocoque, high modulus, unidirectional carbon fiber frame. In 2009, the FP6 replaced the Paris FP and F4:13. The monocoque frame uses the same mold as the Paris FP, but with different carbon fiber (30HM3K).

Pinarello has been slow to jump aboard the all-carbon juggernaut, preferring to concentrate on its highly-regarded magnesium-frame technology as showcased in the Dogma series of bikes. But the attraction and momentum of carbon is unavoidable, and while the all-carbon F4:13 hasn't displaced the Dogma at the top of Pinarello's line-up, it is clearly a serious and purposeful attempt to use the material's properties to best advantage, starting with one-piece main frame construction to exploit carbon's stiffness and low weight.

FP series (2011 – 2013)[edit]

The Pinarello FP Uno was the current base model bicycle built by Pinarello evolving from its predecessor, the FP1. The FP Uno features hydroformed asymmetric 6061 T6 triple butted aluminium tubing.The next superior model is the Pinarello FP Due. Like the FP Uno, this has evolved from its predecessor, the FP2. The frame is constructed from 24HM12K carbon fibre. The Pinarello FP Quattro is built from 30HM12K carbon fibre and features carbon asymmetric stays with Onda carbon forks. The Quattro also utilises the new iCR internal cable routing system, which has been developed in house, by Pinarello.

New series (2014 – )[edit]

The Pinarello Neor replaces the FP Uno as Pinarellos base road bike model, featuring the same hydroformed aluminum frame as the FP Uno, but now boasts a carbon fibre rear triangle as well as ONDA carbon front forks.[10] The Pinarello FPTEAM Carbon is constructed from 24HM12K uni-directional carbon fibre and features both tapered 1 "1/8 1" 1/4 ONDA front forks and ONDA rear triangles.[11] The Pinarello Rahza is a full 24HM12K carbon fibre frame, featuring an asymmetrical monocoque design which improved frame rigidity. The frame also features ONDA forks and rear stays as well as the BB30 bottom bracket.[12] The Pinarello Marvel is an entirely new asymmetry frame originating from the Pinarello Paris (constructed from Torayca 50HM1.5 carbon fibre) made from 30HM12K carbon. Rigidity of the frame is further improved by the usage of a tapered headset (1" 1/8 - 1" 1/2) as well as featuring internal cable routing. Pinarello say that the Marvel is "top level bike and already UCI approved for use in official competitions." The Marvel also makes full use of the Think2 system allowing the usage of both electronic and mechanical groupsets. Other new features include the new ONDA2V front fork and a new aerodynamic downtube.[13]

Dogma Series (2010 – )[edit]

The Pinarello Dogma was the first of the current top line of bicycle made by the company and was the first bicycle of a 'new generation' of frames, it is the successor to the Pinarello Prince range and was released for sale to the public in 2010. The frames focus around a completely asymmetric design made entirely of 60HM1K carbon fibre, with the right hand side of the Dogma frame is different in shape and section to that of the left side, thus providing increased rigidity against forces placed upon the frame by the action of pedalling.[14]

In 2011 the successor the Dogma, the Pinarello Dogma 2 was revealed at the 2011 Tour de France. The Dogma 2 featured aerodynamic improvements which increased the efficiency of the frame.[15]

Bradley Wiggins's Dogma2 he rode at the 2012 Volta ao Algarve

Bradley Wiggins rode the Dogma 2 to victory in the 2012 Tour de France. In 2012, mountain bike trials rider, Martyn Ashton, created a video in which he performed several tricks and stunts on a Dogma 2. The video, entitled "Road Bike Party", went viral, gaining over half a million views in one day, and it currently has over 8 million views on YouTube.

The Pinarello Dogma K features features Pinarellos 'Century Ride' geometry and uses frame design that provides increased comfort without compromising the overall performance. As with other modern Pinarellos, the frame incorporates an asymmetric design which offsets the asymmetric forces created during the pedalling. The Dogma K and the Dogma frame differ from each other in the angle of the seat tube, brought back to increase shock absorption, and reduced head tube angle as well as slightly longer chain stays to increase comfort. Furthermore, a longer wheelbase makes for a frame that is less rigid vertically, improving shock absorption. The Pinarello ROKH is a frame that was made in an effort to offer the excellent performance of the DOGMA K to a wider group of cyclists. The ROKH's geometry is similar in shape and construction but with an even longer wheel base to add even more vertical compliance than the Dogma K. The Dogma K Hydro mirrors the new model variation seen with the Dogma 65.1, whereby hydraulic disc brakes have now been added. The Hydro features new ONDA HD (Hydraluic Disc) forks, as well as new chainstays accommodating the RAD braking system seen on both the DOGMA XC and Dogma 65.1 Hydro.[16]

The 2013 generation of the Dogma bicycle is the Dogma 65.1 Think2. When compared to the Dogma2, the Think2 features stronger and more rigid carbon fibre, 65HM1K, yielding a more reactive frame. Moreover, the Think2 has been built with the new electronic shifting group sets in mind, and thus has internal cable routing for both Shimano and Campagnolo systems.[17] The 2014 Dogma 65.1 Hydro variant of the Dogma is virtually the same as the 2013 Think2 model, made from Torayca 65Ton HM 1K carbon fibre with "Nanoalloy technology". The Hydro however, accommodates hydraulic disc brakes and features a new front fork developed from the previous ONDA2 fork, called the ONDA HD (Hydraulic Disk). The frame also features new chainstays which accommodate the new RAD braking system, derived from the development of the Dogma XC.[18] Chris Froome rode the Dogma 65.1 Think2 to victory in the 2013 Tour de France.

In May 2014 the Pinarello Dogma F8 was revealed as part of Pinarellos 2015 product launch, with the name deriving from this particular Dogma model being the 8th generation.[19] The new bike was developed in conjunction with Team Sky sponsor and car manufacturer Jaguar and takes design cues (such as the front fork shape) from the Bolide time trial bike. Research advancements have led to claimed aerodynamic gains, with the F8 being 26.1% more aerodynamic than the Dogma 65.1, 6.4% more aerodynamic when including the bike rider and the frameset alone being 40% more aerodynamically efficient than the predecssor.[20] The bike is expected to debut at the 2014 Critérium du Dauphiné.

Time Trial & Triathlon models[edit]

The Pinarello Montello FP8 was a time trial bicycle manufactured by Pinarello prior to the introduction of the Graal. It was made with aerospace grade carbon fibre composite. The 50HM3K carbon fibre creates an ultra stiff and light ride.

Bradley Wiggins on his special yellow edition Pinarello Graal at the 2012 Tour de France

The Pinarello Graal is a time trial frame manufactured by Pinarello. The Graal was designed using CFD techniques, maximising the efficiency of the bicycle. The frame is available in both an electronic version and mechanical version, with the electronic version featuring an internally mounted battery.[21]

The Pinarello Bolide was released on 2 May 2013[22] with gains of a 15% reduction in aerodynamic drag and 5% reduction in weight over the Graal. Team Sky's 2012 Tour de France winner Sir Bradley Wiggins used the new bike at the 2013 Giro d'Italia. The Bolide has been in development for over year with both Pinarello lab technicians and Team Sky working on the bike. The Bolide uses aeroplane wing-shaped tubular sections in conjunction with a 'concave back' on the seat tube. This allows the rear wheel and frame to be closer together. In addition, the brakes are shielded behind leading small fairings and the frame utilises integrated cabling to further minimise drag.[22]

On 21 June 2013 Pinarello released their second (in-house developed) high end time trial frame, called the Pinarello Sibilo.[23] The Sibilo will debut at the 2013 Tour de France with Alejandro Valverde of Movistar Team.[23] Early impressions are that the Sibilo shares some common features with the Bolide, such as; airfoil tubing, track style rear dropouts and a 'concave back'. Moreover, the Sibilo carries some aerodynamic refinements over the Bolide, for example, the front brake is further integrated into the forks and the rear brake has been moved towards the chainstays. These modifications remove the need for the brake fairings which are seen on the Bolide. The Sibilo is constructed from the same Torayca 65HM1K carbon as the Bolide, with internal cable routing for extra aerodynamic benefit. The Sibilo utilises the stiff BB86 bottom bracket and can also accommodate both mechanical groupsets such as the Shimano Dura-Ace and Campagnolo Super Record sets, as well as their electronic variants (Dura-Ace Di2 and Campagnolo EPS).[23]

The Pinarello Xirion is designed specifically for triathletes by utilising favourable frame geometry and is made from 24HM Unidirectional carbon fibre. The Xirion is sold as a complete bicycle fitted with Vision cycling components.[24]

MTB & XC models (2012 – )[edit]

The Pinarello Dogma XC 9.9 features the unique-to-Pinarello divided rear triangle and is made from 60HM1K Torayca carbon fibre "Nanoalloy" technology. Torayca Nanoalloy technology has nano-particles embedded within the carbon fibre weave that Pinarello say explode upon impact, preventing the fiber from breaking or de-laminating. Pinarello calls the unique seat stay design "ONDA XC Asymmetric Twin Arms" Traditional frames have rear stays directly connected to the toptube, meaning that vibrations originating from the rear triangle are directly transferred all the way up to the handlebars. Therefore Pinarello developed a system which divided the two main rear triangles, moving one higher than the other. These stays attach to the seat tube above the top tube, at separate points from one another, and they also serve as the seatpost clamp. This system has reduced the amount of shock felt from the rear, thus improving bike handling and stability. In order to protect the down tube from the front fork, whislt still keeping a geometrically lower down tube, Pinarello developed "ForkStopper" technology. The frame features internal cable routing for both Shimano and SRAM. The XC 9.9 was revealed at Granfondo La Pina in Treviso, Italy on the 15th of July 2012.[25]

The Pinarello Dogma XC 7.7 features the same unique-to-Pinarello divided rear triangle and is made from 60HM1K Torayca carbon fibre.[26]

The Pinarello Dogma XM 9.9 represents Pinarellos first venture back into Mountain biking since the Pinarello FV1, they claim the XM 9.9, constructed from 65HM3K carbon fibre, is as stiff as a roadbike. This claim is made through the usage of the new "ONDA Curve Asymmetric" rear quadrilateral, which is firm on flat ground and only works on uneven ground. Pinarello say that their system has only 5 points of flex as well as a monocoque design allow for this set of unique properties.[27]

Frame materials[edit]

Originally, all Pinarello frames were steel. Pinarello used Columbus tubing for most of the 1980s but with tubing by Oria in the lower models in 1989. The first non-Italian tube was Tange Prestige for the US-based Levis Cycling team headed by Michael Fatka and ridden by Andy Hampsten, Steve Tilford, Roy Nickmann, Thurlow Rogers in the mid-1980s.[28] Throughout the 1990s until 2004, Pinarello produced frames from conventional steel tubing using lugs, oversize tubing, oversize aluminium with TIG welded joints, magnesium and frames of carbon fiber and other materials. In 2005, Pinarello produced its first all-carbon fiber frame, the F4:13.[29]

Sponsorship and victories[edit]

Miguel Indurain riding a Pinarello in 1996

Pinarello has sponsored professional teams since 1960. Teams include Team Telekom, Banesto, Caisse d'Epargne, Fassa Bortolo, Team Sky,[4] Movistar Team, British Cycling and British UCI Continental team Velosure-Giordana Racing Team.

Olympic Games

1984 Summer Olympics Road Race, Alexi Grewal
2000 Summer Olympics Road Race, Jan Ullrich

Tour de France General classification victories

Pedro Delgado (1988)
Miguel Indurain (1991–1995)
Bjarne Riis (1996)
Jan Ullrich (1997)
Óscar Pereiro (2006)
Bradley Wiggins (2012)
Chris Froome (2013)

Tour de France Points classification victories

Erik Zabel (1996–2001)

Vuelta a Espana General classification victories

Jan Ullrich (1999)

Other notable victories

Milan – San Remo (2005), Alessandro Petacchi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". Cicli Pinarello S.p.A. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Brief History of Pinarello". BiKyle. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "About Pinarello". Evans Cycles. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Sponsors". Team Sky. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  5. ^ The History of Pinarello - bicyclerenaissance.com
  6. ^ a b GITA Sporting Goods, Pinarello Catalogue #65
  7. ^ RoadBike Review's Forum Archives
  8. ^ Tour de France 2007 - Stage by stage
  9. ^ Lemond G, Gordis K. "Greg LeMond's Complete Book of Bicycling" New York, Perigee Books,1990
  10. ^ "Pinarello Neor". Pinarello.com. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 
  11. ^ "Pinarello FPTEAM". Pinarello.com. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 
  12. ^ "Pinarello Rahza". Pinarello.com. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 
  13. ^ "Pinarello Marvel". Pinarello.com. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 
  14. ^ Pinarello Dogma
  15. ^ Dogma2
  16. ^ "Dogma K Hydro". Pinarello.com. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 
  17. ^ "Cicli Pinarello Think2". Pinarello.com. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  18. ^ "Pinarello Dogma Hydro". Pinarello.com. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 
  19. ^ "Pinarello Dogma F8". Bikeradar. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  20. ^ "Team Sky reveal the Pinarello Dogma F8". Bikeradar. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  21. ^ "Cicli Pinarello S.P.A". Pinarello.com. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  22. ^ a b "Cycling news Pinarello Bolide". 
  23. ^ a b c "Cycling news Pinarello Sibilo". 
  24. ^ "Pinarello Xirion". 
  25. ^ "Pinarello XC 9.9". 
  26. ^ "Pinarello XC 7.7". 
  27. ^ "Pinarello XM 9.9". 
  28. ^ GITA Sporting Goods, Pinarello Catalogue 1989
  29. ^ 2008 Pinarello Prince Carbon - Competitive Cyclist

External links[edit]