Pinchas Goldschmidt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt
Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt, 2011 in Speyer, Inauguration of the Speyer-Synagogue Beith-Schalom

Pinchas Goldschmidt (born 21 July 1963, Zurich) is the Chief Rabbi of Moscow, Russia since 1993[1]

Rabbi Goldschmidt is the spiritual leader of the Moscow Choral Synagogue, the head of the rabbinical court of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), president of the Conference of European Rabbis and is an officer of the Russian Jewish Congress (RJC).[2] Goldschmidt represents the Russian Jewish community politically as well.[3]

Biography[edit]

Goldschmidt is the Swiss-born chief rabbi of Moscow. He is the spiritual leader of the central synagogue of Moscow, and heads the rabbinical court of the CIS. In 1990 he created the guidelines in conjunction with the Israeli Ministry of Interior to reconfirm Jews who have hidden their Jewish identity during Soviet times.[4][not in citation given]

Goldschmidt played a major role in founding and developing communal structures from colleges, day schools and kindergartens, soup kitchens and rabbinical schools, to political umbrella structures, such as the Russian Jewish Congress and the Congress of the Jewish Religious Organizations and Associations in Russia (CJROAR).[5]

Goldschmidt represents the Russian Jewish community politically. He published op-eds in the international press pertaining to the issues of the day. He also addressed during the course of the years, the US Senate, the EU Parliament, The Council of Europe, The Israeli Knesset, Prime Minister Netanyahu's – "Neeman Commission", Oxford University, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Berlin Conference on anti-Semitism, and Harvard University, discussing the state of the Jewish Community, and the threats of anti-Semitism.[6]

Pinchas Goldschmidt with the heads of the main EU institutions, Jerzy Buzek, José Manuel Barroso and Herman Van Rompuy at a Gathering of Religious Leaders in Brussels, May 2011

In January 2005, five hundred people, including newspaper editors, public intellectuals and 19 Duma deputies published an appeal to the Prosecutor General of Russia. The petitioners called for the closure of Jewish organized life in Russia. A subsequent television call-in show, during which 100,000 people phoned in, revealed that 54% of the participants supported the idea of banning all Jewish organizations in Russia. Goldschmidt wrote a detailed response to all the accusations and addressed the letter to Dmitriy Rogozin, leader of the nationalist Rodina (Motherland) party, who, after receiving Goldschmidt's letter, apologized and distanced himself from the petition.[7]

Goldschmidt was deported from Russia during September 2005, and was allowed to return to his community after three months, only after an international campaign.[8] In 2010 by special order of Russia's president Dmitry Medvedev he was accepted into a citizenship of Russia. He takes an active part in interfaith dialogue gatherings with Christians and Muslims in New York,[9] Paris,[10][not in citation given] Astana,[11] Seville, Vienna and Moscow.[12]

He also leads the Conference of European Rabbis, the rabbinical umbrella group of Europe (uniting four hundred rabbis from Dublin to Khabarovsk) as the chairman of the Standing Committee.[13]

Goldschmidt besides his rabbinical ordination possesses an MA from Ner Israel Rabbinical College, as well as a MS from Johns Hopkins University. He also studied at Ponevezh Yeshiva, (1979–1981), Telshe Yeshiva, Chicago, Il (1981–1982), Shevet Umechokek Institute for Rabbinical Judges headed by Rabbi Zalman Nechemia Goldberg, (1985–1986) and Harry Fischel Institute for Rabbinical Judges, Jerusalem, Israel (1986–1987). He authored articles on issues of Jewish law regarding post-Soviet Jewry and has published a collection of responsas with a compilation of Russian Jewish names "Zikaron Basefer", (Moscow 1996).[14]

Rabbi Goldschmidt has been awarded Certification as candidate for the Position of Chief Rabbi in Israel or in one of the cities in Israel by the Council of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel in the year 2002.[15] Rabbi Goldschmidt is married and has seven children.

In the spring of 2009, Goldschmidt was Visiting Scholar at the Davis Center in Harvard. [16]

Since July 2011, Goldschmidt is the new president of the Conference of European Rabbis. He was elected by the CER's Standing Committee meeting in London and succeeds the former Chief Rabbi of France (1987–2009), Joseph Sitruk, who had held the post since 1999. Only the fourth president of the CER in its 54-year history, Rabbi Goldschmidt is the first to hold the post from outside Western Europe.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The History of Moscow Religious Jewish Community". TicketsOfRUSSIA.ru. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "CSCE :: Testimony :: Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt Chief Rabbi of Moscow". Csce.gov. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Galili, Lily (10 October 2007). "Putin spurns Leviev, invites 'Gaydamak's rabbi' to Kremlin Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Zomet Institute
  5. ^ "Moscow Rabbi Returns – 12.19.2005". National Conference on Soviet Jewry. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. 
  6. ^ "CSCE :: Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe". Csce.gov. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  7. ^ JTA 23 June 2005 Lev Krichevsky
  8. ^ Agencies, News (27 September 2005). "Russian Jewish groups demand answers in rabbi deportation case Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Inter-Faith Dialogue with Imams and Rabbis from 11 European Countries" (PDF). US Federation for Middle East Peace. 2009. 
  10. ^ "Ecumenism in Canada archive: June 2002". Ecumenism in Canada. June 2002. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. 
  11. ^ "Новости Ирана". Iran.ru. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Русская Православная Церковь. Отдел внешних церковных связей". Mospat.ru. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  13. ^ ועידת רבני אירופה (21 July 1963). "President". Conference of European Rabbis. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "Bar Ilan University – Project Cotar". Biu.ac.il. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  15. ^ Psalms 119, 126. "HULYA – Young Rabbis for European Jewry". Matanel Foundation. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "[Daviscalendar-list] 5/6 seminar reminder and 5/14 addition to the May calendar". Lists.fas.harvard.edu. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "London – Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt Elected President of the Conference of European Rabbis". VosIzNeias.com. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 

External links[edit]