Pincher Creek

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For the municipal district, see Municipal District of Pincher Creek No. 9. For the electoral district, see Pincher Creek (provincial electoral district).
Pincher Creek
Town
Town of Pincher Creek
Official logo of Pincher Creek
Logo
Pincher Creek is located in Alberta
Pincher Creek
Pincher Creek
Location of Pincher Creek in Alberta
Coordinates: 49°29′08.3″N 113°56′53.6″W / 49.485639°N 113.948222°W / 49.485639; -113.948222Coordinates: 49°29′08.3″N 113°56′53.6″W / 49.485639°N 113.948222°W / 49.485639; -113.948222
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
Region Southern Alberta
Census division 3
Municipal district Municipal District of Pincher Creek No. 9
Incorporated 1906
Government[1]
 • Mayor Don Anderberg
 • Governing body Pincher Creek Town Council
Area (2011)[2]
 • Total 10.19 km2 (3.93 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 1,130 m (3,710 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 3,685
 • Density 361.6/km2 (937/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)
Postal code T0K 1W0
Area code(s) 403
Highways Highway 3
Highway 6
Highway 507
Waterways Oldman River Reservoir
Website Official website

Pincher Creek is a town in the southwest of Alberta, Canada. It is located immediately east of the Canadian Rockies, 101 km (63 mi) west of Lethbridge and 210 km (130 mi) south of Calgary.

History[edit]

For centuries before this area was settled, the Blackfoot, Peigan and Kootenai Nations lived in or frequented the region.

The town received its name in 1868 when a group of prospectors lost a pincer in the small creek at this location. These pincers would have been used as a mechanism for trimming the feet of the horses and thus had some value to the group. In 1874, the North-West Mounted Police came to southern Alberta. One of them discovered the rusting tools in the creek, and they named the area Pincher Creek.

In 1876, the NWMP established a horse farm in the area. It closed in 1881, but many of the troops stayed to help the town. James Schofield opened Pincher Creek's first store in 1884. By 1885 Pincher Creek had a store known as Schofield & Hyde General Store. Harry Hyde succeeded Schofield as Pincher Creek's first postmaster.

In 1898, Pincher Creek was incorporated a village. In 1906, the community was officially incorporated as a town and named Pincher Creek. Many residents are descendants of the pioneer families who settled there over 100 years ago.

The Kootenai Brown Heritage Museum is a popular tourist stop. It was named for John Kootenai Brown, a trapper who was the founder of Waterton Park. The sign at the creek tells the story of the 1995 flood in Pincher Creek.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Strong Chinook winds often blow off the mountains and Pincher Creek can be very windy. The strongest recorded wind was 177 kilometres per hour. The strong winds have given rise to a significant amount of wind farm development in the area, with the towers and blades of wind turbines being a characteristic of the scenery.

The town was severely affected by a flood that hit the area in 1995 as the peak stream flow discharge was 271 cubic meters per second

Demographics[edit]

The population of the Town of Pincher Creek according to its 2013 municipal census is 3,619,[4] a 2.5% decrease from its 2008 municipal census population of 3,712.[5]

In the 2011 Census, the Town of Pincher Creek had a population of 3,685 living in 1,500 of its 1,581 total dwellings, a 1.7% change from its 2006 population of 3,625. With a land area of 10.19 km2 (3.93 sq mi), it had a population density of 361.6/km2 (936.6/sq mi) in 2011.[2]

In 2006, Pincher Creek had a population of 3,625 living in 1,504 dwellings, a 1.1% decrease from 2001. The town has a land area of 8.84 km2 (3.41 sq mi) and a population density of 410.2 /km2 (1,062 /sq mi).[6]

Attractions[edit]

Pincher Creek is located 57 km (35 mi) north of Waterton Lakes National Park. The Castle Mountain Ski Resort is located 49 km (30 mi) to the southwest.

Government[edit]

The town's mayor is Don Anderberg.

Media[edit]

Pincher Creek is served by one newspaper, the Sun Media owned Pincher Creek Echo,[7] which publishes on Wednesdays and has been in operation since 1900.[citation needed]

Pincher Creek is served by Mountain Radio, a country music station based in nearby Blairmore. Mountain Radio's Pincher Creek transmitter can be heard on 92.7 FM.[citation needed]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. August 10, 2014. Retrieved August 10, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  3. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 9, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Agenda: Town of Pincher Creek, Committee of the Whole". Town of Pincher Creek. August 1, 2013. pp. 80–82. Retrieved August 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "2011 Municipal Affairs Population List". Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 5, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada (Census 2006). "Pincher Creek - Community Profile". Retrieved 2007-06-12. 
  7. ^ "Pincher Creek Echo". Canoe Sun Media. Retrieved May 9, 2013. 

External links[edit]