The Perry County Courthouse in Pinckneyville
|Elevation||433 ft (132 m)|
|Area||4.31 sq mi (11 km2)|
|- land||4.04 sq mi (10 km2)|
|- water||0.28 sq mi (1 km2)|
|Density||1,728.5 / sq mi (667 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Pinckneyville, Illinois|
Pinckneyville is a city in and the county seat of Perry County, Illinois, United States. The population was 5,464 at the 2000 census. It is named for Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, an early American diplomat.
Pinckneyville is located on State Route 13 about 60 miles (97 km) southeast of St. Louis.
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 4.31 square miles (11.2 km2), of which 4.04 square miles (10.5 km2) (or 93.74%) is land and 0.28 square miles (0.73 km2) (or 6.50%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,464 people, 1,504 households, and 920 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,728.5 people per square mile (667.6/km²). There were 1,662 housing units at an average density of 525.8 per square mile (203.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.25% White, 24.36% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.77% from other races, and 0.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.47% of the population.
There were 1,504 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 14.0% under the age of 18, 15.0% from 18 to 24, 39.7% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 188.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 209.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,391, and the median income for a family was $41,574. Males had a median income of $23,402 versus $21,848 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,601. About 8.2% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.
Elementary schools in Pinckneyville include District #50, CCSD 204, and St. Bruno Catholic School. Tamaroa grade school also feeds into the high school.
Pinckneyville Community High School is the only high school serving the Pinckneyville area. Their mascot is the panther. School colors include navy and Columbia. PCHS holds long time rivalries to DuQuoin High School and Nashville Community High School.
Pinckneyville is known for its boys basketball program, winning over 1,500 games and appearing in the State Finals Tournament 11 times (winning in 1948, 1994 and 2001).
Notable people 
- Albert Brown (1905–2011), oldest survivor of the Bataan Death March, moved to the town in 1998 to live with his daughter
- John Dunn, current President of Western Michigan University.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Hevesi, Dennis (2011-08-15). "Albert Brown, Survivor of Bataan March, Dies at 105". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Further reading 
- "Legends & Lore of Southern Illinois", John W. Allen, p. 48