Pine Beauty

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Panolis flammea
Pine Beauty
Panolis.flammea.7102.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Noctuidae
Genus: Panolis
Species: P. flammea
Binomial name
Panolis flammea
Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775

The Pine Beauty (Panolis flammea) is a moth of the family Noctuidae.[1][2] It is a common species of pine woods in Europe.

Eggs
Caterpillar
Illustration from John Curtis's British Entomology Volume 5

The forewings are typically rich orange brown, but sometimes are dark grey, with two large pale stigmata and fine streaks along the termen. The hindwings are brown or blackish. The wingspan is 32–40 mm. This moth flies at night from March to May [1] and is attracted to light and sallow blossom.

The larva, green and yellow with black and white lines, feeds mainly on pine, but sometimes on other trees (see list below), and can be a serious pest in forests. The species overwinters as a pupa.

  1. ^ The flight season refers to the British Isles. This may vary in other parts of the range.

Recorded food plants[edit]

See Robinson, G. S. et al.[4]

References[edit]

  • Chinery, Michael Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe 1986 (Reprinted 1991)
  • Skinner, Bernard Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles 1984

External links[edit]