Shire of Pine Rivers

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"Pine Rivers" redirects here. For the Queensland electoral division, see Electoral district of Pine Rivers.
Shire of Pine Rivers
Queensland
SEQ-U-LGA-map-PRSC.png
Map of Pine Rivers Shire in South East Queensland.
Population 141,414 (2006 census)
 • Density 182.587/km2 (472.90/sq mi)
Established 1888
Area 774.5 km2 (299.0 sq mi)
Council seat Strathpine
Region South East Queensland
Federal Division(s) Petrie, Dickson
Shire of Pine Rivers (emblem).png
Website www.pinerivers.qld.gov.au
LGAs around Shire of Pine Rivers:
Esk Caboolture Moreton Bay
Esk Shire of Pine Rivers Redcliffe
Brisbane Brisbane Brisbane

The Shire of Pine Rivers was a local government area about 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Brisbane in the Moreton Bay region of South East Queensland, Australia. The shire covered an area of 771 square kilometres (297.7 sq mi), and existed as a local government entity from 1888 until 2008, when it amalgamated with councils further north to form the Moreton Bay Region.

The suburbs formerly within Pine Rivers are generally regarded as part of Greater Brisbane, both in a planning context and for statistical purposes.

Geography[edit]

The Shire is named for three rivers contained within it: the Pine River, which empties into Bramble Bay, and its tributaries, the North Pine River and South Pine River. Two large artificial reservoirs, Lake Samsonvale and Lake Kurwongbah, formed its centre. The western half of the shire consisted of the sparsely populated foothills of the D'Aguilar Range, the land being mostly forested or used for grazing cattle and horses. Hays Inlet and Saltwater Creek formed the eastern boundary of the Shire, beyond which lay the City of Redcliffe.

The main population concentration was in the east and southeast of the shire—the western part, which covered 76% of the shire's land area, contained only 18,309 residents in 2006.[1] The key centres of population were Strathpine, which formed a mini-CBD for the area; Petrie and Kallangur further to the north, and Albany Creek and the Hills District closer to Brisbane's boundary. A new area based around North Lakes in the shire's northeast had also become reasonably established.

History[edit]

Area history[edit]

The area was settled by homestead farmers in the mid 19th century. Many suburbs – Lawnton, Petrie, Griffin and Joyner, for example – are named after early European settlers. The first township in the area was established at what is now Petrie in 1868, to service mail coaches between Brisbane and Gympie. The Caboolture railway line reached the shire in 1888. Another railway line to Dayboro, in the western, mountainous areas of the shire was opened in 1920, but due to lack of traffic was closed and lifted in 1955.

During the Second World War, large areas of flat land around Brendale and Strathpine were used by Allied forces as airfields and staging areas. It is estimated that around 50,000 Allied servicemen passed through the area, at a time when the civilian population was less than 5000.

Local government history[edit]

Map of Pine Division and adjacent local government areas, March 1902
Pine Shire Hall, Strathpine, circa 1920

Caboolture Division was created on 11 November 1879 as one of 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879.[2][3][4] It was centred on Caboolture, which was at that time a small logging town, and initially covered all of Moreton Bay and much of the Sunshine Coast. On 21 January 1888, the Pine Division split away from the Caboolture Division to became a separate local government area operating under the Divisional Boards Act 1887.[5] Its first divisional board meeting was held on 7 March 188 at the residence of Henry Thomas Ireland at Albany Creek Mr Ireland was unanimously elected as the board chairman for the year.[5][6]

The meetings of the divisional board were held in rented premises at Bald Hill until a meeting hall and office building (now the heritage-listed "Old Shire Hall") was constructed Strathpine in 1889.[6][7]

In 1897, parts of the Parishes of Samsonvale, Pine and Whiteside were included in the Pine Division.[5]

Following the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Pine Division became the Shire of Pine on 31 March 1903.[5][8] It underwent significant changes in 1921 and 1955, and on 23 May 1959, the Shire of Pine was renamed Shire of Pine Rivers.[8] It then remained with the same name and boundaries for almost 50 years.

On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government (Reform Implementation) Act 2007 passed by the Parliament of Queensland on 10 August 2007, the Shire of Pine Rivers amalgamated with the Shire of Caboolture and the City of Redcliffe to form the Moreton Bay Region.[8][9] The Local Government Reform Commission's reasoning was that it would unite all of Brisbane's northern suburbs beyond the Brisbane City boundary into one local government area which would, in its view, simplify and streamline planning, approvals and governance.

Chairmen and mayors[edit]

William Johnston, Chairman of the Pine Shire Council, 1909

The chairmen and mayors of the division and the shire were:[10]

  • 1888 Henry Thomas Ireland
  • 1889 Robert Leitch
  • 1890 Andrew Bell
  • 1891 George Biggs
  • 1892 William Fogg
  • 1893–1894 Henry Thomas Ireland
  • 1895–1896 George Biggs
  • 1897 William Fogg
  • 1898 John Leitch
  • 1899 Charles Chilton
  • 1900 John Leitch
  • 1901 Charles Chilton
  • 1902 George Biggs
  • 1903 John Leitch
  • 1904 Charles Thomas Williams
  • 1905 Thomas Gardiner
  • 1906 Patrick Fahey
  • 1907 Edmund Page
  • 1908 Thomas Gardiner
  • 1909 William Johnston
  • 1910 John Gilliand
  • 1911 Alexander McNeven
  • 1912 James Alexander Mecklem
  • 1913 William Bradley junior
  • 1914 Charles Edward Nicholas
  • 1915–1917 William John Smith
  • 1918 John Gilliand
  • 1919 Robert Morrison
  • 1920 William John Smith
  • 1921–1927 William Bradley junior
  • 1927–1930 Robert Morrison
  • 1930–1933 Robert Thomas Bradley
  • 1933–1950 William John Smith
  • 1950–1973 John Sanders Bray
  • 1973–1982 Leslie Edgar Hughes
  • 1982–1985 Allan James Hughes
  • 1985–1994 Robert George Akers
  • 1994–2008 Yvonne Ann Chapman

In 1993, the Local Government Act Number 70 was introduced; it included that all heads of local government councils should be known as mayors and all other elected representatives were to be known as councillors. Thus Yvonne Chapman was both the first female leader of the council and its only mayor.[10]

Other notable council members include:

Wards[edit]

In its final years, the Shire of Pine Rivers was split up into 10 divisions, each electing one councillor to the Shire Council for a four-year term. Additionally, a mayor was elected to represent the entire Shire.

Suburbs[edit]

Urban suburbs[edit]

Rural localities[edit]

Population[edit]

Year Population  % Annual
Growth
1933 4,604
1947 4,815
1954 6,309 3.94%
1961 8,761 4.80%
1966 13,309 8.72%
1971 26,187 14.50%
1976 45,192 11.53%
1981 58,189 5.19%
1986 73,783 4.86%
1991 87,892 3.56%
1996 103,192 3.26%
2001 119,236 2.93%
2006 141,414 3.47%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Community Profile Series : Pine Rivers (S) Bal (Statistical Local Area)". 2006 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 11 October 2009. 
  2. ^ "Proclamation [Caboolture Division]". Queensland Government Gazette. 11 November 1879. p. 25:994. 
  3. ^ "Agency ID549, Caboolture Divisional Board". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Caboolture Town History". Retrieved 6 May 2008. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Agency ID1483, Pine Divisional Board". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Moore, R. P (1920), Postcard of the Pine Shire Council Hall (Old Shire Hall), Strathpine, ca. 1920, Moreton Bay Regional Council, retrieved 28 February 2014 
  7. ^ "Pine Rivers Shire Hall (former) (entry 15543)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c "Agency ID26, Pine Rivers Shire Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  9. ^ "Agency ID11038, Moreton Bay Regional Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Welch, Melva A; Moreton Bay (Qld. : Shire). Council (2008), Not pineapples, not pine trees but-- Pine Rivers : revised chronicle of local government in Pine Rivers Shire, 1888 to 2008 (Revised and updated [ed.] ed.), Pine Rivers Shire Council, ISBN 978-0-9577523-5-1 
  11. ^ "Kruger, Mr Raymond Charles (Joe)". Re-Member Database. Queensland Parliament. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Welch, Melva A; Moreton Bay (Qld. : Shire). Council (2008). Not pineapples, not pine trees but-- Pine Rivers : revised chronicle of local government in Pine Rivers Shire, 1888 to 2008 (Revised and updated [ed.] ed.). Pine Rivers Shire Council. ISBN 978-0-9577523-5-1. 
  • Barter, Leith F; Pine Rivers (Qld.). Council (2005). Pioneering the Pine : a short history of the Pine Rivers Shire. Pine Rivers Shire Council. ISBN 978-0-9577523-4-4. 

External links[edit]