Pine Valley, New Jersey

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Pine Valley, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Pine Valley
Pine Valley highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Pine Valley highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Pine Valley, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Pine Valley, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°47′14″N 74°58′32″W / 39.78721°N 74.975558°W / 39.78721; -74.975558Coordinates: 39°47′14″N 74°58′32″W / 39.78721°N 74.975558°W / 39.78721; -74.975558[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated April 23, 1929
Government[4]
 • Type Walsh Act
 • Mayor Michael B. Kennedy (term ended May 14, 2014)[3]
 • Clerk Patricia Porter[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 0.996 sq mi (2.580 km2)
 • Land 0.981 sq mi (2.541 km2)
 • Water 0.015 sq mi (0.039 km2)  1.52%
Area rank 499th of 566 in state
27th of 37 in county[1]
Elevation[5] 157 ft (48 m)
Population (2010 Census)[6][7][8]
 • Total 12
 • Estimate (2013)[9] 12
 • Rank 565th of 566 in state
36th of 37 in county[10]
 • Density 12.2/sq mi (4.7/km2)
 • Density rank 564th of 566 in state
37th of 37 in county[10]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08021[11]
Area code(s) 856[12]
FIPS code 3400758920[1][13][14]
GNIS feature ID 0885353[1][15]
Website none

Pine Valley is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 12,[6][7][8] reflecting a decline of 8 (-40.0%) from the 20 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1 (+5.3%) from the 19 counted in the 1990 Census.[16] As of the 2010 Census Pine Valley was the second-smallest municipality by population in New Jersey, with just seven more residents than the five residing in Tavistock, also in Camden County.[10]

Pine Valley encompasses Pine Valley Golf Club, which regularly ranks highly on Golf Digest's list of America's 100 greatest courses.

The Borough of Pine Valley was created on April 23, 1929, from Clementon Township, one of seven municipalities created from the now-defunct township, and one of five new municipalities (including Hi-Nella Borough, Lindenwold Borough, Pine Hill Borough and Somerdale Borough) created on that same date.[17]

Geography[edit]

Pine Valley is located at 39°47′14″N 74°58′32″W / 39.78721°N 74.975558°W / 39.78721; -74.975558 (39.78721,-74.975558). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.996 square miles (2.580 km2), of which, 0.981 square miles (2.541 km2) of it was land and 0.015 square miles (0.039 km2) of it (1.52%) of it was water.[1][2]

The borough borders Clementon Borough and Pine Hill.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 40
1940 27 −32.5%
1950 39 44.4%
1960 20 −48.7%
1970 23 15.0%
1980 23 0.0%
1990 19 −17.4%
2000 20 5.3%
2010 12 −40.0%
Est. 2013 12 [9][18] 0.0%
Population sources:
1930-2000[19] 1930[20] 1930-1990[21]
2000[22][23] 2010[6][7][8]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 12 people, 4 households, and 4 families residing in the borough. The population density was 12.2 per square mile (4.7/km2). There were 22 housing units at an average density of 22.4 per square mile (8.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 83.33% (10) White, 0.00% (0) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 0.00% (0) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 16.67% (2) from other races, and 0.00% (0) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 16.67% (2) of the population.[6]

There were 4 households, of which 50.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.0% were married couples living together, 0.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 0.0% were non-families. 0.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 0.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.00.[6]

In the borough, 16.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 16.7% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 33.3% from 45 to 64, and 0.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.5 years. For every 100 females there were 300.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 233.3 males.[6]

As of the 2010 Census, the borough had the second smallest population in the state, ahead of only Tavistock, which had a population of 5.[24]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $ (with a margin of error of +/- $) and the median family income was $ (+/- $). Males had a median income of $ (+/- $) versus $ (+/- $) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $ (+/- $). About 0.0% of families and 0.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[25]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[13] there were 20 people, 8 households, and 7 families residing in the borough. The population density was 21.0 people per square mile (8.1/km2). There were 21 housing units at an average density of 22.1 per square mile (8.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 100.00% White.[22][23]

As of the 2000 Census, the borough was one of four municipalities with fewer than 50 residents among the 566 in the state, and its population of 20 was behind only Teterbor, where census officials counted 18 residents.[26]

There were 8 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 87.5% were married couples living together, and 12.5% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.71.[22][23]

In the borough the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 20.0% from 25 to 44, 15.0% from 45 to 64, and 40.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 58 years. For every 100 females there were 150.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.3 males.[22][23]

The median income for a household in the borough was $31,875, and the median income for a family was $65,625. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $52,500 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,981. None of the population and none of the families were below the poverty line.[22][23]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Pine Valley operates under the Walsh Act commission form of New Jersey municipal government. Three non-partisan commissioners are elected at-large to four-year terms of office. Each commissioner is assigned a specific department to head in addition to their legislative functions.[4] Pine Valley has been governed under the Walsh Act, by a three-member commission, since 1942.[27]

As of 2014, the members of the Pine Valley borough council are Mayor Michael Kennedy, Jane Bromley and Debra M. Kennedy all serving terms of office ending in May 2018.[28] The three incumbents were re-elected in May 2014 to four-year terms of office in an election held entirely by mail to minimize the costs associated with establishing a polling place for the borough's 14 voters.[29]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Pine Valley is located in the 1st Congressional District[30] and is part of New Jersey's 8th state legislative district.[7][31][32] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Pine Valley had been in the 6th state legislative district.[33]

The seat for New Jersey's First Congressional District is currently vacant, having formerly been represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights), who resigned on February 18, 2014.[34] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[35][36] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[37][38]

For the 2004-15 Session, the 8th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Dawn Marie Addiego (R, Evesham Township) and in the General Assembly by Christopher J. Brown (R, Evesham Township) and Maria Rodriguez-Gregg (R, Evesham Township).[39] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[40] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[41]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, its seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with wither two or three seats coming up for election each year.[42] As of 2014, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term ends December 31, 2014)[43], Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, 2016)[44], Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015)[45], Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015)[46], Scot N. McCray (Camden, 2014)[47], Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015)[48] and Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2016).[49][50][51] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Joseph Ripa,[52] Sheriff Charles H. Billingham[53] and Surrogate Patricia Egan "Pat" Jones.[54]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 15 registered voters in Pine Valley, of which 3 (20.0%) were registered as Democrats, 10 (66.7%) were registered as Republicans and 2 (13.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[55]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 91.7% of the vote here (11 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received around 8.3% (1 vote), with 12 ballots cast among the borough's 14 registered voters, for a turnout of 85.7%.[56] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 100.0% of the vote here (11 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received none, with 11 ballots cast among the borough's 12 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 91.7.[57]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 72.7% of the vote here (8 ballots cast), ahead of both Independent Chris Daggett with 18.2% (2 votes) and Democrat Jon Corzine with no votes, with 11 ballots cast among the borough's 14 registered voters, yielding a 78.6% turnout.[58]

Education[edit]

Pine Valley is a non-operating school district.[59] Public school students from Pine Valley attend the Haddonfield Public Schools for Kindergarten through twelfth grade as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 42.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Pine Valley, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Pine Valley borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 5. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Pine Valley borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  9. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  11. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Pine Valley, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  12. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Pine Valley, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 20, 2014.
  13. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  14. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  15. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  17. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 109. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  18. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  19. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Camden County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  20. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  21. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  22. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Pine Valley borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  23. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Pine Valley borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  24. ^ Staff. "N.J.'s population shifting to coast, south", USA Today. Accessed August 18, 2013.
  25. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Pine Valley borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  26. ^ Strauss, Robert. "COMMUNITIES; Municipal Madness or 'Creative Localism?'", The New York Times, January 4, 2004. Accessed August 18, 2013. "But for the 20 residents of Pine Valley, the borough that surrounds the golf course, the cute A-frame building is police headquarters, next door to Steiniger Hall, the borough office building, where you can often find Robert Mathers, the clerk of Pine Valley, one of New Jersey's least-populous towns.... Four of them have fewer than 50 souls: Walpack (41) in Sussex County, Teterboro (18) in Bergen County and Pine Valley and Tavistock (24) in Camden County."
  27. ^ The Commission Form of Municipal Government, p. 53. Accessed August 11, 2007.
  28. ^ Elected Officials, Camden County Republican Committee. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  29. ^ Comengo, Carol. "Medford Lakes, Pine Valley holding elections Tuesday", Courier-Post, May 12, 2014. Accessed October 23, 2014. "In Pine Valley in Camden County, three incumbent commissioners are seeking re-election to four-year terms without opposition — Mayor Michael B. Kennedy; his wife, Deborah Kennedy; and Jane Bromley. Pine Valley, one of the smallest municipalities in the state and best known for its exclusive golf course, does not have a polling place with a voting machine. Instead, voters receive a ballot in the mail and return it to the Camden County Board of Elections to save the expense of running an election for its 14 registered voters."
  30. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  31. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  32. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  33. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  35. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  36. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  37. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  38. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  39. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 23, 2014.
  40. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  41. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  42. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  43. ^ Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  44. ^ Edward McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  45. ^ Freeholder Michelle Gentek, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  46. ^ Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  47. ^ Scot N. McCray, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  48. ^ Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  49. ^ Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  50. ^ Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  51. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  52. ^ County Clerk, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  53. ^ Sheriff, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  54. ^ Surrogate's Court, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  55. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Camden, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  56. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  57. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  58. ^ 2009 Governor: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  59. ^ 13 Non-Operating School Districts Eliminated, New Jersey Department of Education press release dated July 1, 2009. Accessed December 26, 2009.

External links[edit]