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Not to be confused with the Amarna period nobleman Panehesy.

Pinehesy, Panehesy or Panehasy, depending on different transliteration was Viceroy of Kush[1] during the reign of Ramesses XI, the last king of the Egyptian 20th Dynasty.

His career started with the suppression and then removal of the High Priest of Amun in Karnak, Thebes, Amenhotep, whom he chased north. Pinehesy extended his influence over much of the south of Egypt and defied an order of Ramesses XI to retreat. The lawlessness of his soldiers, the famine and disorder which ensued in Upper Egypt were ended by the new High Priest of Amun, Herihor in the 19th year of the reign of Ramesses XI, who drove Pinehesy back into Nubia. Piankh, the newly appointed Viceroy of Kush, was unable to defeat him, and it appears that he died of old age while still in control of Lower Nubia.[2]


  • Lynn Meskell, Private Life in New Kingdom Egypt, Princeton University Press 2002
  • László Török, The Kingdom of Kush: Handbook of the Napatan-Meroitic Civilization, Brill Academic Publishers 1997
  • Kees, Hermann. Die Hohenpriester des Amun von Karnak von Herihor bis zum Ende der Äthiopenzeit (1964). Leiden: E. J. Brill
  • Morales, A. J. (2001). The suppression of the high priest Amenhotep: A suggestion to the role of Panhesi. Göttinger Miszellen, 181, 59-76.
  • Černỷ, J. (1975). Egypt: From the death of Ramesses III to the end of the Twenty-First Dynasty. In I. E. S. Edwards, C. J. Gadd, N. G. L. Hammond, & E. Sollberger (Eds.) Cambridge Ancient History: Volume II Part 2: History of the Middle East and the Aegean region c. 1380-1000 BC (pp. 606–657). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.


  1. ^ Rice, Michael (1999). Who's Who in Ancient Egypt. Routledge. pp. p.145. 
  2. ^ Lázlo Török, The Kingdom of Kush: Handbook of the Napatan-Meriotic Civilization, pp.105ff.