Pinghu

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For the district in Guangdong, see Longgang District, Shenzhen#Sub-districts.
Pinghu
平湖市
County-level city
Country China
Province Zhejiang
Prefecture-level city Jiaxing
Area
 • Total 536 km2 (207 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 480,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 314200
Area code(s) 0573

Pinghu (Chinese: 平湖; pinyin: Pínghú) is a county-level city in northeast Zhejiang Province, just outside of Shanghai. It sits next to the East China Sea and the north shore of Hangzhou Bay. Prior to the Ming Dynasty, Pinghu was part of Haiyan County. In 1430 Pinghu County was established. In 1991 Pinghu became a county-level city under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Jiaxing.

Administration[edit]

3 neighborhoods (subdistricts), 7 towns

Geography and climate[edit]

Pinghu is located on a low and flat plain and is laced with a network of rivers. A number of islands, such as Wangpan Shan are located offshore. The municipality's average yearly temperature is 15°C, with average precipitation of 1186mm. Agricultural production is marked by its amount of aquatic products. Important crops are rice, wheat, Chinese cabbage, prawns, and bird eggs. Specialties include pickled eggs and watermelons. Due to its proximity to Shanghai, Pinghu also attracts investment from many multinational enterprises. Industry includes clothing, packaging, machinery, paper and others. Clothing production is especially high, with the value of Pinghu's total clothing exports the greatest in China. It has been placed as one of China's one hundred most productive areas.

Zhapu harbor in the municipality's southwest is an important deep water harbor along Hangzhou Bay. A port has been located here since the Tang dynasty, and it is still an important transshipment point. Next to the harbor is one of China's most important large thermal power plants, Jiaxing Powerplant, with a capacity of 3,000,000 kilowatts.

In modern China many famous monks, educators and artists (music, calligraphy, painting, seals, poetry) have come from Pinghu. The city's downtown contains a large memorial to Li Shutong and a number of other attractions and scenic spots.

Coordinates: 30°42′N 121°01′E / 30.700°N 121.017°E / 30.700; 121.017