Pingtung County

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Pingtung County
屏東縣
County
Pingtung County Montage.png
Flag of Pingtung County
Flag
Coat of arms of Pingtung County
Coat of arms
Pingtung County in Taiwan
Pingtung County in Taiwan
Coordinates: 22°40′31.78″N 120°29′29.09″E / 22.6754944°N 120.4914139°E / 22.6754944; 120.4914139Coordinates: 22°40′31.78″N 120°29′29.09″E / 22.6754944°N 120.4914139°E / 22.6754944; 120.4914139
Country Taiwan
Region Southern Taiwan
Seat Pingtung City
Largest city Pingtung City
Boroughs 1 cities, 32 (3 urban, 29 rural) townships
Government
 • County Magistrate Tsao Chi-hung
Area
 • Total 2,775.6003 km2 (1,071.6653 sq mi)
Area rank 5 of 22
Population (January 2014)
 • Total 851,774
 • Rank 10 of 22
 • Density 310/km2 (790/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Website www.pthg.gov.tw
Symbols
Flower Hairy Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea brasiliensis)
Tree Coconut tree
Pingtung County
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Pingtung County (Chinese: 屏東縣; pinyin: Píngdōng Xiàn) is a county in Southern Taiwan. It contains the oldest and the largest national park in Taiwan, Kenting National Park, established in Pingtung County in 1984. Pingtung City is the capital of the county.

Name[edit]

The name Pingtung refers to a former nearby mountain known as Half-Screen Mountain (半屏山). Pingtung means "East of Half-Screen Mountain."

History[edit]

Modern-day Pingtung County and Kaohsiung City were part of Wan-nien Province (萬年州) during the Kingdom of Tungning and Fengshan Prefecture in the Qing Dynasty. Pingtung County is a recently developed county. Its largest city is Pingtung City.

Until the seventeenth century this area of Taiwan was a place of exile for Chinese criminals and occasional landing point for international mariners. Only the settlements near present-day Checheng Township existed. In 1664 Han, Cantonese and Hakka settlers arrived from Mainland China and farmed under a homesteading system introduced by Zheng Jing.

Pingtung City, the biggest city in Pingtung County, also known as "A-Kau" (阿猴 Pe̍h-ōe-jī: A-kâu), was the home of Pingpu Aboriginals. In their language, "A-kau" means "the forest".

The first settlements by Han people were not established until 1684 (the 23rd year of Kangxi) with the creation of villages near Pingtung by people from China's southern Fujian region. By 1734 most of the Pingtung Plain was cultivated and in 1764 Pingtung was expanded. In 1836 the government and locals worked together to build the four walls of the city (the North gate, the East gate, the West gate and the South gate), and the roads were also properly finished.

Empire of Japan[edit]

Under Japanese rule (1895–1945) the Pingtung area was administered under Takao Prefecture and it became a favorite spot for relaxation.

Republic of China[edit]

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the area of present day Pingtung County was incorporated to Kaohsiung County on 25 December 1945. On 16 August 1950, Pintung County was established after being separated from Kaohsiung County. On 1 December 1951, Pingtung City was downgraded from provincial city to county-controlled city and county seat of Pingtung County on 1 December 1951.

Pingtung was the site of an 7.1 magnitude earthquake on 26 December 2006. In 2009, Pingtung received rainfall in excess of 2,500 millimetres (98 in); breaking all rainfall records of any single place in Taiwan induced by a single typhoon.

Geography[edit]

With a land area of over 2775 km², Pingtung is the 5th largest county in Taiwan, the 2nd largest of Southern Taiwan after Kaohsiung City. Geographically it borders Kaohsiung City to the north, Taitung County to the east, the Taiwan Strait to the west and the Bashi Channel to the south.

Climate[edit]

Due to being located at the southernmost part of Taiwan, Pingtung County is well known of having one of the warmest climate within the country. The whole county experiences a tropical wet and dry climate, but due to being such a large county with various geographical differences, climate differs in different areas of the county. Northern Pingtung, such as the Pingtung City, is characterized by having a high daytime temperature year round, averaging from 30-34 degrees Celsius during the warmer season of April-November to 25-28 degrees Celsius during the cooler season of December-March, while also having the lowest nighttime temperatures within the county with temperatures usually dropping below 16 degrees Celsius at night in January due to being located more further away from the sea than any other flatland settlements within the county. Central Pingtung, such as the Fangliao Township, compared to northern Pingtung, has a relatively lower daytime temperature but has warmer nights due to the temperating affect of the ocean especially noticeable during winter. The southern tip of Pingtung, the Hengchun Peninsula, has the mildest climate within the county due to being nearly completely surrounded by the Pacific Ocean with the exception of the mountains on the north. Daily highs during the warmer season reaches around 29-32 while daily highs during the cooler season varies around 23-26 degrees C, but on the other hand night time temperatures maintains pretty warm throughout the year from around 25 degrees Celsius during summer to around 19 degrees Celsius during the winter.

Climate data for Pingtung County (Hengchun Township)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
25.6
(78.1)
27.4
(81.3)
29.6
(85.3)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
32.0
(89.6)
31.7
(89.1)
31.2
(88.2)
29.8
(85.6)
27.7
(81.9)
25.2
(77.4)
28.93
(84.09)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.9
(69.6)
21.7
(71.1)
23.3
(73.9)
25.4
(77.7)
27.1
(80.8)
28.1
(82.6)
28.5
(83.3)
28.2
(82.8)
27.6
(81.7)
26.4
(79.5)
24.5
(76.1)
22.0
(71.6)
25.31
(77.56)
Average low °C (°F) 18.3
(64.9)
19.0
(66.2)
20.3
(68.5)
22.5
(72.5)
24.2
(75.6)
25.5
(77.9)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.0
(75.2)
22.2
(72)
19.6
(67.3)
22.63
(72.74)
Rainfall mm (inches) 25.7
(1.012)
27.7
(1.091)
19.9
(0.783)
43.5
(1.713)
163.9
(6.453)
371.3
(14.618)
396.3
(15.602)
475.2
(18.709)
288.3
(11.35)
141.8
(5.583)
43.2
(1.701)
20.6
(0.811)
2,017.4
(79.425)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.0 6.8 4.8 6.3 11.1 16.9 16.4 18.9 15.9 10.8 7.1 6.1 129.1
 % humidity 72.6 73.7 74.4 75.4 78.5 83.6 83.3 84.0 79.7 74.0 70.8 70.7 76.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 168.0 165.1 199.7 192.6 193.9 183.6 221.0 195.5 177.2 198.1 177.7 161.4 2,233.8
Source: Central Weather Bureau (Normals 1994-2013)[1][2]

Administration[edit]

Taiwan Pingtung District Court
Typical railroad scenery of Pingtung
Pingtung Baseball Field
Hengchun Old Town Gate
Catholic Church of Wanchin
Old House of the Hsiao Family

Pingtung County is divided into 1 city, 3 urban townships and 29 rural townships. Pingtung County has the most number of rural townships among other counties in Taiwan. Pingtung City is the county seat of Pingtung County which houses the Pingtung County Government and Pingtung County Council. The county is headed by Magistrate Tsao Chi-hung of the Democratic Progressive Party.

Name (mostly Hanyu Pinyin) Hanzi Wade-Giles Tongyong Pinyin Taiwanese (POJ) Hakka Pha̍k-fa-sṳ
City
Pingtung City 屏東市 P'ing-tung Pingdong Pîn-tong Phìn-tûng
Urban townships
Chaozhou Township 潮州鎮 Ch'ao-chou Chaojhou Tiô-chiu Tshèu-chû
Donggang Township 東港鎮 Tung-kang Donggang Tang-káng Tûng-kóng
Hengchun Township 恆春鎮 Heng-ch'un Hengchun Hêng-chhun Hèn-tshûn
Rural townships
Changzhi Township 長治鄉 Ch'ang-Chih Changjhih Tióng-tī Tshòng-tshṳ
Checheng Township 車城鄉 Ch'e-ch'eng Checheng Chhia-siâⁿ Tshâ-sàng
Chunri Township 春日鄉 Ch'un-jih Chunrih Chhun-ji̍t Tshûn-ngit
Fangliao Township 枋寮鄉 Fang-liao Fangliao Pang-liâu Piông-liàu
Fangshan Township 枋山鄉 Fang-shan Fangshan Pang-soaⁿ Piông-sân
Gaoshu Township 高樹鄉 Kao-shu Gaoshu Ko-chhiū Kô-su
Jiadong Township 佳冬鄉 Chia-tung Jiadong Ka-tang Kâ-tûng
Jiuru Township 九如鄉 Chiu-ju Jiouru Kíu-jû Kiú-yì
Kanding Township 崁頂鄉 K'an-ting Kanding Khàm-téng Kham-táng
Laiyi Township 來義鄉 Lai-i Laiyi Lâi-gī Lòi-ngi
Ligang Township 里港鄉 Li-kang Ligang Lí-káng Lî-kóng
Linbian Township 林邊鄉 Lin-pian Linbian Nâ-piⁿ Lìm-piên
Linluo Township 麟洛鄉 Lin-luo Linluo Lîn-lo̍k Lìm-lo̍k
Liuqiu Township 琉球鄉 Liu-ch'iu Liouciou Liû-khiû Liù-khiù
Majia Township 瑪家鄉 Ma-chia Majia Má-ka Mâ-kâ
Manzhou Township 滿州鄉 Man-chou Manjhou Bóan-chiu Mân-chû
Mudan Township 牡丹鄉 Mu-tan Mudan Bó͘-tan Méu-tân
Nanzhou Township 南州鄉 Nan-chou Nanjhou Lâm-chiu Nàm-chû
Neipu Township 內埔鄉 Nei-p'u Neipu Lāi-po͘ Lui-phû
Sandimen Township 三地門鄉 San-ti-men Sandimen Soaⁿ-tē-mn̂g Sâm-thi-mùn
Shizi Township 獅子鄉 Shih-tzu Shihzih Sai-chú Sṳ̂-é
Taiwu Township 泰武鄉 T'ai-wu Taiwu Thài-bú Thai-vú
Wandan Township 萬丹鄉 Wan-tan Wandan Bān-tan Van-tân
Wanluan Township 萬巒鄉 Wan-luan Wanluan Bān-loân Van-lòng
Wutai Township 霧臺鄉 Wu-t'ai Wutai Bū-tâi Vu-thòi
Xinpi Township 新埤鄉 Hsin-p'i Sinpi Sin-pi Sîn-phî
Xinyuan Township 新園鄉 Hsin-yuan Sinyuan Sin-hn̂g Sîn-yèn
Yanpu Township 鹽埔鄉 Yen-p'u Yanpu Iâm-po͘ Yâm-phû
Zhutian Township 竹田鄉 Chu-t'ien Jhutian Tek-chhân Tsuk-thièn

Demographics[edit]

Pingtung is home to aboriginal culture of Rukai and Paiwan tribes. There are also the Hoklo people which live in the coastal area and the northern plain. They are highly influenced by Fujian culture.[3]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Pingtung County has been traditionally dominated by agriculture and fishery industries. However, the Pingtung County Government has been greatly promoting the tourism sector of the county in recent years.[4]

Education[edit]

Universities and colleges[edit]

High schools[edit]

Energy[edit]

Pingtung County houses Taiwan's third nuclear power plant, the Maanshan Nuclear Power Plant. The power plant is located in Hengchun Township and is Taiwan's second largest nuclear power plant in terms of its capacity at 2 X 890 MW.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Chuanfan Rock of Kenting National Park

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

The county is served by two domestic airports, the Pingtung Airport in Pingtung City and the Hengchun Airport in Hengchun Township.

Rail[edit]

The Pingtung Line and South-Link Line of the Taiwan Railways Administration lines cross Pingtung County, consist of Central Signal, Chaozhou, Donghai, Fangliao, Fangshan, Fangye Signal, Guilai, Jiadong, Jialu, Kanding, Linbian, Linluo, Liukuaicuo, Nanzhou, Neishi, Pingtung, Xishi, Zhen'an and Zhutian Station. The Pingtung Line links Pingtung County with Kaohsiung City, while the South-Link Line links Pingtung County with Taitung County.

Relative location[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]