|Blessed Giuseppe Puglisi|
September 15, 1937|
Brancaccio, Palermo, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||September 15, 1993
Brancaccio, Palermo, Italy
|Beatified||25 May 2013, Foro Italico 'Umberto I', Palermo, Sicily by Salvatore De Giorgi (On behalf of Pope Francis)|
|Major shrine||Palermo Cathedral, Palermo|
Giuseppe "Pino" Puglisi (September 15, 1937 – September 15, 1993) was a Roman Catholic priest in the rough Palermo neighbourhood of Brancaccio. He openly challenged the Mafia who controlled the neighbourhood, and was killed by them on his 56th birthday. His life story has been retold in a book, Pino Puglisi, il prete che fece tremare la mafia con un sorriso (2013), and portrayed in a film, In the Sunlight (2005).
Ordained as priest
Puglisi was born in Brancaccio, a working-class neighbourhood in Palermo (Sicily), into a family of modest means. His father was a shoemaker and his mother a dressmaker. He entered the seminary at age sixteen. Following ordination, he worked in various parishes, including a country parish afflicted by a bloody vendetta.
Puglisi was ordained as a priest in 1960 by Cardinal Ernesto Ruffini from Palermo. Ruffini regarded Communism as a greater threat than the Mafia. He once questioned the Mafia's very existence. To a journalist's question of "What is the Mafia?" he responded: "So far as I know, it could be a brand of detergent." This denial persuaded Puglisi of the need to challenge church authorities. "We can, we must criticize the church when we feel it doesn't respond to our expectations, because it's absolutely right to seek to improve it," he said. With his trademark humour, Puglisi added: "But we should always criticize it like a mother, never a mother-in-law!"
In 1990, Puglisi returned to his old quarter Brancaccio and became the priest of San Gaetano's Parish. He spoke out against the Mafia who controlled the area and opened a shelter for underprivileged children. Puglisi had been offered other parishes by the local curia, in less troublesome Palermo neighborhoods, but he opted for San Gaetano.
With little support from the Palermo archdiocese, Puglisi tried to change his parishioners' mentality, which was conditioned by fear, passivity and omerta – imposed silence. In his sermons, he pleaded to give leads to authorities about the Mafia's illicit activities in Brancaccio, even if they could not actually name names. He refused their monies when offered for the traditional feast day celebrations, and would not allow the Mafia "men of honour" to march at the head of religious processions.
He tried to discourage the children from dropping out of school, robbing, drug dealing and selling contraband cigarettes. He ignored a series of warnings and declined to award a contract to a construction firm which had been "indicated" to him by the Mafia for the restoration of the church, where the roof was collapsing. Those parishioners that made attempts to reform matters were sent strong messages. A small group who organized for social improvement found the doors of their houses torched, their phones receiving threats, and their families put on notice that worse things lay in store.
On September 15, 1993—Puglisi's 56th birthday—he was killed in front of his parish church by a single bullet shot at point-blank range. He was taken unconscious to a local hospital, where surgeons could not revive him. The murder was ordered by the local Mafia bosses, the brothers Filippo and Giuseppe Graviano. One of the hitmen who killed Puglisi, Salvatore Grigoli, later confessed and revealed the priest’s last words as his killers approached: "I've been expecting you."
Puglisi's murder shocked Italy. There was an immediate call by eight priests in Palermo for the pope to travel to Palermo to be present at his funeral. Pope John Paul II, however, was scheduled to be in Tuscany on that date and did not attend the memorial service. At the funeral Mass the archbishop of Palermo, Cardinal Salvatore Pappalardo, carefully avoided indicating the Mafia as the suspects in Puglisi's murder, although many had no doubt about Cosa Nostra's involvement.
On April 14, 1998, the Mafiosi Gaspare Spatuzza, Nino Mangano, Cosimo Lo Nigro and Luigi Giacalone received life sentences for the killing of Puglisi. The Graviano brothers also received life sentences for ordering the killing.
During his visit to Sicily in November 1994, Pope John Paul II praised Puglisi as a "courageous exponent of the Gospel." He urged Sicilians not to allow the priest’s death to have been in vain and warned that silence and passivity about the Mafia was tantamount to complicity.
Puglisi's favorite rhetorical stance—"Se ognuno fa qualcosa, allora si può fare molto" (If everyone does something, then we can do a lot)—is scrawled on walls in Brancaccio. In 1999, the Cardinal of Palermo started his beatification process, proclaiming Puglisi a Servant of God.
To underscore this anti-Mafia conviction, he composed a parody of the Our Father in the Sicilian dialect:
"O godfather to me and my family, You are a man of honor and worth. Your name must be respected. Everyone must obey you. Everyone must do what you say for this is the law of those who do not wish to die. You give us bread, work; who wrongs you, pays. Do not pardon; it is an infamy. Those who speak are spies. I put my trust in you, godfather. Free me from the police and the law."
On June 28, 2012, Pope Benedict XVI allowed the Vatican Congregation for the Causes of Saints Thursday to designate Puglisi a martyr in a first step to beatify the slain priest. The Pope signed a decree acknowledging that Father Puglisi had been killed "in hatred of the faith", meaning that he can be beatified – the last step before sainthood – without a miracle being attributed to his intercession with God.
The Beatification of Pino Puglisi took place on May 25, 2013. The Open-Air Mass took place at the Foro Italico 'Umberto I', a large green area that forms one of the promenades of Palermo. The Mass was presided over by Paolo Cardinal Romeo, Metropolitan Archbishop of Palermo, with Salvatore Cardinal de Giorgi, Metropolitan Archbishop Emeritus of Palermo, as the Papal Legate who performed the Rite of Beatification. Estimates state that 50,000 people attended the Mass. During his Angelus address, the following Sunday, May 26, Pope Francis stated that the newly beatified Puglisi was first and foremost 'an exemplary priest and a martyr', as well as condemning mafia groups.
Biography and film
- Deliziosi, Francesco (2001). Don Puglisi: Vita del prete palermitano ucciso dalla mafia, Milan: Mondadori, ISBN 88-04-55377-4
- Deliziosi, Francesco (2013). Pino Puglisi, il prete che fece tremare la mafia con un sorriso, Milan: Rizzoli, ISBN 978-8817066587
- In the Sunlight, a film about the life of Puglisi, by Roberto Faenza and starring Luca Zingaretti, was released in Italy in 2005.
- Murder in Palermo: who killed Father Puglisi?, Commonweal, October 11, 2002
- Memory of anti-Mafia priest pervades summit, National Catholic Reporter, September 13, 2002
- Anti-Mafia priest's death raises questions, National Catholic Reporter, October 8, 1993
- Jamieson, The Antimafia, pp. 140-42
- Anti-Mafia Priest Slain In Palermo, The New York Times, September 17, 1993
- (Italian) Ecco i killer di Don Puglisi, La Repubblica, June 23, 1994
- (Italian) Omicidio Puglisi ergastolo ai Graviano, La Repubblica, February 20, 2001
- Don Puglisi, in esclusiva la sua voce: Se ognuno fa qualcosa, La Stampa, 24/05/2013
- Vatican to beatify slain priest Puglisi, UPI, June 28, 2012
- Murdered priest to be beatified by Roman Catholic Church, The Independent (Reuters), June 29, 2012
- Italy prepares for beatification of anti-Mafia priest, UPI, May 24, 2013
- 'Mafia martyr' Don Giuseppe Puglisi beatified in Sicily, BBC News, 25 May 2013
- Pope Francis condemns mafia for 'enslaving people', BBC News, 26 May 2013
- Film Highlights Slain Priest Who Stood Up to the Mafia, Zenit, January 21, 2005
- Jamieson, Alison (2000). The Antimafia. Italy’s Fight Against Organized Crime. London: MacMillan Press. ISBN 0-333-80158-X.
- (Italian) Official Site