|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
|The Adventures of Pinocchio character|
Original art by Enrico Mazzanti
|First appearance||The Adventures of Pinocchio|
|Created by||Carlo Collodi|
|Family||Mister Geppetto (father)
The Fairy with Turquoise Hair (mother)
Pinocchio (UK // or US //; [piˈnɔkkjo]) is a fictional character and the main protagonist of the children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio (1883), by the Italian writer Carlo Collodi. Carved by a woodcarver named Geppetto in a small Italian village, he was created as a wooden puppet, but dreamed of becoming a real boy. He has also been used as a character who is prone to telling lies and fabricating stories for various reasons. The story has appeared in many adaptations in other mediums. Pinocchio has been called an icon of modern culture, and one of the most reimagined characters in the pantheon of children's literature.
Fictional character biography
Aspects of Pinocchio's character vary depending on the interpretation, although basic aspects such as his creation as a puppet by Geppetto and the size of his nose changing due to his lies or stress remain present across the various formats.
Pinocchio is known for having a short nose that becomes longer when he is under stress (chapter 3), especially while lying. His clothes are made of flowered paper, his shoes are made of wood and his hat is made of bread (page 16 of Collodi's Le Avventure di Pinocchio). In this, the original tale, Pinocchio exhibits obnoxious, bratty, and selfish traits.
Some literary analysts have described Pinocchio as an epic hero. Like other Western literary heroes, such as Gilgamesh and Odysseus, Pinocchio descends into hell. Pinocchio also experiences rebirth through metamorphosis, a motif found in fantasy or speculative literature.
- When the Walt Disney Company was developing the story for the film Pinocchio (1940) they intended to keep the more obnoxious traits from the original story, but Walt Disney himself felt that this made the character too unlikable and so alterations were made to incorporate traits of innocence to make Pinocchio more likable. Pinocchio was voiced by Dickie Jones. This incarnation later appeared in Who Framed Roger Rabbit voiced by Peter Westy, Disney's House of Mouse voiced by Michael Welch, and Kingdom Hearts voiced by Seth Adkins. Elijah Wood portrayed the real-boy version of Pinocchio in the live-action segments for the updated Jiminy Cricket educational serials "I'm No Fool" and "You" in addition to the new shorts of "I'm No Fool" in the early 1990s.
- Mel Blanc voiced Pinocchio in a 1953 radio adaptation of the story.
- Pinocchio appeared in the 1972 adaptation, voiced by Roberta Paladini.
- Pinocchio appeared in the "Señor Wences" episode of The Muppet Show, performed by Steve Whitmire. His puppet was built by Bob Payne.
- Pinocchio appeared in Filmation's 1987 epic animated film Pinocchio and the Emperor of the Night voiced by Scott Grimes.
- Pinocchio appeared in the 1993 direct-to-video adaptation by GoodTimes Entertainment, voiced by Jeannie Elias.
- Pinocchio appeared in the horror film Pinocchio's Revenge played by Verne Troyer and voiced by Dick Beals. He appears as a killer puppet.
- Pinocchio appeared in The Adventures of Pinocchio, played by Jonathan Taylor Thomas (who also voiced his puppet form).
- Pinocchio also appeared in the sequel The New Adventures of Pinocchio, played by Gabriel Thomson (who also voiced his puppet form).
- In the paintings series "La morte di Pinocchio", Walther Jervolino, an Italian painter and engraver, shows Pinocchio being executed with arrows or decapitated, thus presenting an alternative story ending.
- Pinocchio appeared as a supporting character in Shrek, Shrek 2, Shrek the Third, and Shrek Forever After, voiced by Cody Cameron. He was also featured in Shrek the Musical, originally played on Broadway by John Tartaglia.
- Pinocchio appeared in the 2002 Pinocchio film, played by Roberto Benigni while the English dub voice was provided by Breckin Meyer.
- Pinocchio appeared in Pinocchio 3000 voiced by Sonja Ball. This version is a robot that was built by Geppetto.
- In the manga series MÄR, there is a knight of the chess pieces named Pinocchio who was created by Diana.
- Pinocchio also is featured by the K-pop girl group f(x) in their first album's lead single Pinocchio (Danger).
- Pinocchio appeared in Once Upon a Time, played by Eion Bailey. He appears in Storybrooke in the form of a mysterious man named August Wayne Booth. In the Enchanted Forest, his younger self is played by Jakob Davies. Following his near death by Tamara, the Mother Superior restored Pinocchio to his child self.
- Pinocchio was used as the mascot for the 2013 UCI Road World Championships.
- Pinocchio appeared in GEICO commercial's bad motivational speaker 2014 and 1991's clay animation Halloween by Sheldon the Snail.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pinocchio.|
- British English and American English: http://www.oxfordadvancedlearnersdictionary.com/dictionary/pinocchio
- Reardon, Sara (2013-06-07). "Carlo Collodi's Pinocchio: Why is the original Pinocchio subjected to such sadistic treatment?". Slate.com. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- Children's Literature Review, "Pinocchio: Calro Collodi," 2007. http://www.encyclopedia.com/article-1G2-2697200012/pinocchio-carlo-collodi.html, Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Italian, It's All Greek to Me: Everything You Don't Know About Italian ... - Linda Falcone. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- Morrissey, Thomas J., and Richard Wunderlich. "Death and Rebirth in Pinocchio." Children's Literature 11 (1983): 64-75.
|Library resources about
- Full text of Le Avventure di Pinocchio in the original Italian
- Full text in English
- Original Italian Audiobook