Pinocchio

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This article is about the original Carlo Collodi fictional character. For other uses, see Pinocchio (disambiguation).
Pinocchio
The Adventures of Pinocchio character
Pinocchio.jpg
Original art by Enrico Mazzanti
First appearance The Adventures of Pinocchio
Created by Italy Carlo Collodi
Information
Species Puppet/Human
Gender Male
Family Mister Geppetto (father)
The Fairy with Turquoise Hair (mother)
Nationality Italian

Pinocchio (/pɪˈnki/;[1] Italian: [piˈnɔkkjo]) is a fictional character and the protagonist of the children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio (1883), by the Italian writer Carlo Collodi. Carved by a woodcarver named Geppetto in a small Italian village, he was created as a wooden puppet, but dreamed of becoming a real boy. He has also been used as a character who is prone to telling lies and fabricating stories for various reasons.[2] The story has appeared in many adaptations in other media. Pinocchio has been called an icon of modern culture, and one of the most reimagined characters in the pantheon of children's literature.[3]

Fictional character biography[edit]

Pinocchio, by Carlo Chiostri (1901)

Aspects of Pinocchio's character vary depending on the interpretation, although basic aspects such as his creation as a puppet by Geppetto and the size of his nose changing due to his lies or stress remain present across the various formats.[4]

Pinocchio is known for having a short nose that becomes longer when he is under stress (chapter 3), especially while lying. His clothes are made of flowered paper, his shoes are made of wood and his hat is made of bread (page 16 of Collodi's Le Avventure di Pinocchio). In this, the original tale, Pinocchio exhibits obnoxious, bratty, and selfish traits.

Literary analysis[edit]

Some literary analysts have described Pinocchio as an epic hero.[5] Like other Western literacy heroes, such as Gilgamesh and Odysseus, Pinocchio descends into hell. Pinocchio also experiences rebirth through metamorphosis, a motif found in fantasy or speculative literatures.

Popular culture[edit]

Pinocchio as seen in Walt Disney's Pinocchio.

Disney version[edit]

When Walt Disney Productions was developing the story for the film Pinocchio (1940) they intended to keep the more obnoxious traits from the original story, but Walt Disney himself felt that this made the character too unlikable and so alterations were made to incorporate traits of innocence to make Pinocchio more likable. Pinocchio was voiced by Dickie Jones. Today the film is considered among the finest Disney features ever made, and one of the greatest animated films of all time, with a rare 100% rating on the website Rotten Tomatoes. This incarnation later appeared in Who Framed Roger Rabbit voiced by Peter Westy, Disney's House of Mouse voiced by Michael Welch, and Kingdom Hearts voiced by Seth Adkins. Elijah Wood portrayed the real-boy version of Pinocchio in the live-action segments for the updated Jiminy Cricket educational serials "I'm No Fool" and "You" in addition to the new shorts of "I'm No Fool" in the early 1990s. Pinocchio makes a cameo appearances in Teacher's Pet and Tangled.[6]

Other media[edit]

  • Mel Blanc voiced Pinocchio in a 1953 radio adaptation of the story. This is the second adaptation of Pinocchio with Mel Blanc involved, as Mel voiced Gideon the Cat in the 1940 Disney film until all of his lines were deleted, save for three hiccups.
  • He was portrayed by Sandy Duncan in a 1976 television musical film.
"Una probabile morte di Pinocchio", Walther Jervolino, oil on canvas
  • In the paintings series "La morte di Pinocchio", Walther Jervolino, an Italian painter and engraver, shows Pinocchio being executed with arrows or decapitated, thus presenting an alternative story ending.
  • In the manga series MÄR, there is a knight of the chess pieces named Pinocchio who was created by Diana.
  • In the web series RWBY, the character Penny is inspired by Pinocchio.
  • He appeared in Once Upon a Time, played by Eion Bailey. He appears in Storybrooke in the form of a mysterious man named August Wayne Booth. In the Enchanted Forest, his younger self is played by Jakob Davies. Following his near death by Tamara, the Mother Superior restored Pinocchio to his child self.
  • Pinocchio appeared in GEICO commercial's bad motivational speaker 2014 and 1991's clay animation Halloween by Sheldon the Snail.
  • In Russia there is an analogue Pinocchio are Буратино
  • In the shōnen series One Piece, Usopp of the Strawhat Pirates is modeled after Pinocchio, with his long nose and frequent exaggerations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British English and American English: http://www.oxfordadvancedlearnersdictionary.com/dictionary/pinocchio
  2. ^ Reardon, Sara (2013-06-07). "Carlo Collodi's Pinocchio: Why is the original Pinocchio subjected to such sadistic treatment?". Slate.com. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  3. ^ Children's Literature Review, "Pinocchio: Calro Collodi," 2007. http://www.encyclopedia.com/article-1G2-2697200012/pinocchio-carlo-collodi.html, Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Italian, It's All Greek to Me: Everything You Don't Know About Italian ... - Linda Falcone. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ Morrissey, Thomas J., and Richard Wunderlich. "Death and Rebirth in Pinocchio." Children's Literature 11 (1983): 64-75.
  6. ^ http://collider.com/tangled-director-nathan-greno-byron-howard-interview-video/61497/

External links[edit]