(Chapm. ex Engelm.) Sarg.
|Natural range of Pinus clausa|
The tree is found in two separate locations, one across central peninsular Florida, and the other in the western Florida panhandle and the Alabama coast. There is a range gap of about 200 km (120 mi) between the populations (from Apalachicola to Cedar Key).
Over much of its range, it is fire-adapted to stand-replacing wildfires, with the cones remaining closed for many years (clausa = closed), until a natural forest fire kills the mature trees and opens the cones. These then reseed the burnt ground. Some populations differ in having cones that open at maturity, with seed dispersal not relying on fires.
Pinus clausa woodlands are an important habitat for the endangered Florida Sand Skink.
- Conifer Specialist Group (1998). Pinus clausa. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006.
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