Pinus morrisonicola

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pinus morrisonicola
Pinus morrisonicola 'Wilson' - San Francisco Botanical Garden - DSC00089.JPG
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Species: P. morrisonicola
Binomial name
Pinus morrisonicola

Taiwan White Pine (Chinese: 台湾五针松; pinyin: taiwan wuzhensong; literally: "Taiwan five-needle pine"), Pinus morrisonicola, is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is a large tree, up to 15–25 m (49–82 ft) high and 1.2 m (4 ft) in diameter. The trunk is often crooked. Needles are in bundles of five. Mature cones are large, to 10 cm (4 in) long and 4–5 cm (1.6–2.0 in) in diameter.[2]


Pinus morrisonicola is endemic to Taiwan. It grows at altitudes of 300–2,300 m (980–7,550 ft) throughout the island. At present, it is scarce at lower elevations and mostly present at higher elevations and less accessible places.[2]


  1. ^ Conifer Specialist Group (1998). "Pinus morrisonicola". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Li, Hui-Lin; Keng, Hsuan (1994). "Pinaceae". In Huang, Tseng-chieng. Flora of Taiwan 1 (2nd ed.). Taipei, Taiwan: Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition. p. 567-581. ISBN 957-9019-52-5. Retrieved 8 September 2012.