Pioneer LaserActive

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Pioneer LaserActive
Pioneer LaserActive CLD-A100.jpg
LaserActive CLD-A100 with PAC-S1 and PAC-N1 modules
Manufacturer Pioneer Corporation
Product family Laserdisc
Type Converged device
Generation Fourth generation
Release date
  • JP August 20, 1993
  • NA September 13, 1993
Introductory price ¥89,800
$970.00
Discontinued 1994
Media LD-ROM, CD-ROM, ROM cartridge
Backward
compatibility

The LaserActive (レーザーアクティブ RēzāAkutibu?) is a converged device and fourth-generation game console capable of playing Laserdiscs, Compact Discs, console games, and LD-G karaoke discs. It was released by Pioneer Corporation in 1993. In addition to LaserActive games, separately sold add-on modules (called "PACs" by Pioneer) accepts Mega Drive/Sega Genesis and PC Engine/TurboGrafx 16 ROM cartridges and CD-ROMs.

Pioneer released the LaserActive model CLD-A100 in Japan on August 20, 1993 at a cost of ¥89,800, and in the United States on September 13, 1993 at a cost of $970. In December 1993 NEC released a cloned version of the system, the NEC PDE-LD1, which was priced identically to the original system and also accepted Pioneer's PAC modules.[1] Due to its low value for money, the LaserActive was a commercial failure.[citation needed]

The LaserActive has no regional lockout, allowing software from any region to be played on any system.[2]

Accessories[edit]

PAC modules[edit]

In the headings below, the Japanese model number occurs first, followed by the North American model number.

Sega PAC (PAC-S1 / PAC-S10)
Pioneer Electronics (USA) and Sega Enterprises released this module that allows users to play 8-inch and 12-inch LaserActive Mega LD discs, in addition to the hundreds of existing SEGA-CD and Genesis titles, as well as standard CD+G discs. It was the most popular add-on bought by the greater part of the LaserActive owners, costing roughly US $600. It comes with the usual Mega Drive/Genesis controller pad signed with a gold Pioneer LaserActive logo on it.
NEC PAC (PAC-N1 / PAC-N10)
Pioneer Electronics (USA) and NEC Home Electronics released this module that allows users to play 8-inch and 12-inch LaserActive LD-ROM2 discs, as well as current TurboGrafx CD-ROM discs, game HuCards and CD+G discs. The Japanese version of the PAC is unable to play American HuCard games, and vice versa.[citation needed] The retail price was US $600. It comes with the usual PC Engine/TurboGrafx 16 controller pad signed with a gold Pioneer LaserActive logo on it.
Karaoke PAC (PAC-K1 / PAC-K10)
This PAC allows the CLD-A100 to use all NTSC LaserKaraoke titles. The front panel has two microphone inputs with separated volume controls, as well as tone control. The retail price was US $350.
Computer Interface PAC (PAC-PC1)
The Computer Interface PAC has an RS-232 port, enabling the CLD-A100 to be controlled by a custom software developed for a home computer. The PAC came with a 33-button infrared remote control providing more functionality than the 24-button remote included with the CLD-A100. It also included a computer program called LaserActive Program Editor on floppy disk for DOS and Mac OS. The floppy disks had some sample programs created with the editor for use with the first five LaserDiscs in the Tenchi Muyo! anime series.

LaserActive 3-D Goggles[edit]

The LaserActive 3-D Goggles (model GOL-1) employ an active shutter 3D system compatible with at least four 3D-ready LD-ROM software titles: 3-D Museum (1994), Vajra 2 (1994), and Virtual Cameraman 2 (1994), and 3D Virtual Australia (1996). 3D Virtual Australia was the last software title published for the LaserActive.

The goggles are also compatible with the Sega Master System, and are interchangeable with the SegaScope 3-D Glasses.

A goggle adapter (model ADP-1), packaged and sold separately from the 3-D Goggles, enables the user to connect one or two pairs of goggles to the CLD-A100.

Games[edit]

The standard LaserActive games were on Laserdisc encoded as an LD-ROM. An LD-ROM had a capacity of 540 MB (where digital audio would have normally been stored) with 60 minutes of analog audio and video.

Name of Title Region(s) Required Modules Release Date Catalog Number
3-D Museum Japan Sega, Goggles 1994 PEASJ1012
3-D Museum U.S. Sega, Goggles 1994 PEASU1012
3D Virtual Australia Japan Sega, Goggles March 11, 1996 PEASJ5042
Akuma no Shinban (Demon's Judgment) Japan NEC PEANJ5003
Angel Mate Japan NEC PEANJ5002
Back To The Edo Japan Sega PEASJ5021
Bi Ryojon Collection (Pretty Illusion - Minayo Watanabe) Japan NEC 1994 PEANJ5025
Bi Ryojon Collection II (Pretty Illusion - Yuko Sakaki) Japan NEC 1994 PEANJ5028
Don Quixote U.S. Sega PEASU5022
Dora Dora Paradise Japan NEC PEANJ5005
Dr. Paolo No Totteoki Video Japan Sega PEASJ5030
Ghost Rush! U.S. Sega PEASU1018
Goku Japan NEC PEANJ1032
Goku U.S. Sega PEASU1010
The Great Pyramid Japan Sega PEASJ5002
The Great Pyramid U.S. Sega PEASU5002
High Roller Battle Japan Sega 1993 PEASJ1002
High Roller Battle U.S. Sega 1993 PEASU1002
Hyperion Japan Sega 1994 PEASJ5019
Hyperion U.S. Sega 1994 PEASU5019
I Will: The Story of London Japan Sega 1993 PEASJ1001
I Will: The Story of London U.S. Sega 1993 PEASU1001
J.B. Harold - Blue Chicago Blues Japan Sega PEASJ5036
J.B. Harold - Blue Chicago Blues U.S. Sega PEASU5036
J.B. Harold - Blue Chicago Blues Japan NEC PEANJ5017
J.B. Harold - Manhattan Requiem Japan Sega PEASJ5004
J.B. Harold - Manhattan Requiem U.S. NEC PEANU5004
Melon Brains Japan Sega 1994 PEASJ1011
Melon Brains U.S. Sega 1994 PEASU1011
Myst[3] U.S. Sega prototype
Pyramid Patrol Japan Sega 1993 PEASJ5001
Pyramid Patrol U.S. Sega 1993 PEASU5001
Quiz Econosaurus Japan NEC 1993 PEANJ5001
Quiz Econosaurus U.S. NEC 1993 PEANU5001
Road Blaster Japan Sega PEASJ1033
Road Prosecutor U.S. Sega 1994 PEASU1033
Rocket Coaster U.S. Sega 1993 PEASU5013
Space Berserker Japan Sega PEASJ1003
Space Berserker U.S. Sega PEASU1003
Steel Driver unreleased
Time Gal Japan Sega 1995 PEASJ5039
Triad Stone (aka Strahl) Japan Sega 1994 PEASJ5014
Triad Stone (aka Strahl) U.S. Sega 1994 PEASU5014
Vajra Japan NEC 1993 PEANJ1001
Vajra U.S. NEC 1993 PEANU1001
Vajra 2 Japan NEC, Goggles 1994 PEANJ1016
Virtual Cameraman Japan Sega 1993 PEASJ5015
Virtual Cameraman 2 Japan Sega, Goggles 1994 PEASJ5020
Zapping TV Satsui Japan NEC 1994 PEANJ5023

Contemporary devices[edit]

In the early 1990s, a number of consumer electronics manufacturers designed converged devices around CD-ROM technology. At the time, CD-ROM systems were expensive. The LaserActive was one of several multipurpose, multi-format, upmarket home entertainment systems with software stored on optical discs. These systems were premised on early conceptions of multimedia entertainment.

Some comparable systems are Amiga CDTV, Philips CD-i, 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, and Tandy Video Information System.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International News". Electronic Gaming Monthly (54) (EGM Media, LLC). January 1994. p. 94. 
  2. ^ "LaserActive is Compatible". Electronic Gaming Monthly (54) (EGM Media, LLC). January 1994. p. 22. 
  3. ^ See [1] for history of the LaserActive MYST prototype