Piper PA-12

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
PA-12 Super Cruiser
Piper PA-12 C-FSCU 01.JPG
PA-12 on skis
Role Personal use aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Piper Aircraft
Primary user private owners
Unit cost
Developed from Piper J-5
Variants Piper PA-14
Backcountry Super Cubs Supercruiser
Piper PA-12 Super Cruiser

The Piper PA-12 Super Cruiser is an American three-seat, high wing, single-engine conventional landing gear-equipped light aircraft that was produced by Piper Aircraft between 1946-48. The PA-12 was an upgraded and redesignated Piper J-5.[1]


When Piper dropped the J- designation system in exchange for the PA- system, the J-5C became the PA-12 "Super Cruiser". The earlier J-5s had been powered by either a 100 hp (75 kW) Lycoming O-235 or a 75 hp (56 kW) Lycoming O-145. The newer PA-12 model was initially powered by a 108 hp (81 kW) Lycoming O-235-C engine, was fully cowled, and had a metal spar wing with two 19 gallon fuel tanks. A Lycoming O-235-C1 engine rated at 115 hp (86 kW) for takeoff was optional.[1][2]

The PA-12 is approved for wheels, skis, floats and also for crop spraying.[2]

Cockpit accommodation is provided for the pilot in the front seat and two passengers in the rear seat, side-by-side. Unlike the J-3 Cub the PA-12 is flown solo from the front seat.[1][2]

Operational use[edit]

PA-12 landing
PA-12 on floats

Many PA-12s have been modified with larger engines. Wing flaps and a metal-skin fuselage can be added as modifications.[2]

In 1947, two PA-12s named City of Washington and City of Angels flew around the world, and the worst mechanical failure they suffered was a cracked tailwheel. The City of Washington currently resides at the Boeing Aviation Hangar, part of the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA. The City of Angels is on display at the Piper Aviation Museum in Lock Haven, PA.[3]

Many PA-12s are still flown and the type is commonly seen in North America. In November 2009 there were still 1688 registered in the USA and 229 in Canada.[1][4][5]


Original model type certified 24 March 1947, with a gross weight of 1,750 lb (794 kg) in the Normal Category and 1,500 lb (680 kg) in the Utility Category[2]
Second model type certified 11 August 1948, with 1,838 lb (834 kg) gross weight, Normal Category only[2]

Specifications (PA-12)[edit]

The "City of Washington" which flew around the world in 1947 on display in the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center
The "City of The Angels" which flew around the world in 1947 on display in the Piper Aviation Museum in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania

General characteristics

  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Capacity: two passengers
  • Length: 22 ft 10 in (6.96 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 5.5 in (10.81 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 10 in (2.08 m)
  • Empty weight: 950 lbs (432 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,750 lbs (795 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming O-235 4-cylinder air-cooled horizontally-opposed piston engine, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • * Propellor Diameter: 76 in (1.93 m)
  • Wing Chord: 63 in (1.60 m)
  • Baggage Capacity: 41 lb (18.7 kg)


See also[edit]

Related development


  1. ^ a b c d Plane and Pilot: 1978 Aircraft Directory, page 59. Werner & Werner Corp, Santa Monica CA, 1977. ISBN 0-918312-00-0
  2. ^ a b c d e f Federal Aviation Administration (March 2001). "AIRCRAFT SPECIFICATION NO. A-780 Revision 13". Retrieved 2011-02-22. 
  3. ^ "Piper PA-12 Super Cruiser". Collections. Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (November 2009). "FAA REGISTRY Make / Model Inquiry Results". Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  5. ^ Transport Canada (November 2009). "Civil Aircraft Register". Retrieved 2009-11-03. 

External links[edit]