Piper PA-32R

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PA-32R Lance/Saratoga
PiperSaragtogaIITC.jpg
Piper Saratoga II TC
Role Personal use, air taxi & freight aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Piper Aircraft
First flight 30 August 1974[1]
Introduction 1975[1]
Produced 1975-2009
Developed from Piper Cherokee Six
2000 model PA-32R Turbo Saratoga
Piper PA-32R Saratoga
1979 model PA-32-300RT Turbo Lance II
1977 model PA-32R-300 Lance
1999 model Piper PA-32R-301T Saratoga II TC

The Piper PA-32R is a six-seat, high-performance, single engine, all-metal fixed-wing aircraft produced by Piper Aircraft. The design began life as the Piper Lance, a retractable gear version of the Piper Cherokee Six. Later models are known as Saratogas. The primary difference between the Lance and early Saratoga is the development of a tapered wing on the Saratoga, replacing the "Hershey Bar" wing on the Lance that was a carryover from the Cherokee Six. Later Saratoga models provided updated/improved avionics, engine and interior touches but retained the same airframe design.

Production of the Saratoga was discontinued in 2009.[2]

The Saratoga competed for sales with the Beechcraft Bonanza, Mooney Ovation, Cirrus SR22, Cessna 206 Stationair, and Cessna 350.

Development[edit]

Until 1972, when the assembly line was destroyed in a flood, the Comanche was Piper's luxury high-performance single. Afterwards, Piper began modifying its heavy lifting single engine PA-32 Cherokee Six, adding retractable landing gear and designating the type as the "PA-32R".

The PA-32R was built under license by Embraer in Brazil as the Embraer EMB-721 Sertanejo.[1]

Kits for the PA-32R-300 (Six supplied), PA-32RT-300 (16) and PA-32RT-300T (Two) were supplied to Chincul in Argentina for completion.[1] They were designated the PA-A-32R and PA-A-32RT.[citation needed]

For the 2008 model year, the Saratoga II HP (normally aspirated) model was eliminated, along with the 6X and 6XT (fixed-gear versions of the Saratoga), leaving the turbocharged Saratoga II TC as the only production model in the PA-32 line.[3]

Production of all PA-32 models ended in 2009.[2]

Variants[edit]

PA-32R-300 (1976–1978)
Marketed as the Piper Cherokee Lance. Initial version of the retractable PA-32 line, with a standard tail.[4]
PA-32RT-300 (1978–1979)
After the first half of 1978, Piper modified the tail to a "T" design with the stabilator (horizontal stabilizer/elevator) moved to the top of the vertical tail. Many pilots and owners complained about the T-tail's lack of authority at low speeds.[5] Beginning with this model, the Cherokee name was officially dropped and the model was designated the Lance II.
PA-32RT-300T (1978–1979)
Also in 1978 a turbocharged version, designated the Turbo Lance II, was introduced.[6] The Turbo Lance II has a service ceiling of 20,000 ft (6,096 m) with a rate of climb of 1050 ft/min (5.4 m/s). It can cruise at 10,000 ft (3,048 m) at 175 kn (324 km/h) true airspeed at 75% power burning 20 gal/h. Fuel capacity is 94 U.S. gallons (360 L; 78 imp gal) usable. The aircraft was the first to feature a distinctive large oval single air intake below the propeller hub.[7]
PA-32R-301 (1980–2007)
The 1980 models reverted to a standard tail design, and were designated as the Saratoga SP.[8] In 1993 the airplane received several cosmetic and systems updates and was redesignated as the Saratoga II HP.[9][10][11][12]
PA-32R-301T (1980–2009)
The 1980 Turbocharged model was given the name Turbo Saratoga SP. The name and model designation stayed the same through the 1996 model year, despite several updates to the airplane during that time. Starting with the 1997 model year the airplane received a new designation, the Saratoga II TC, and a new Lycoming TIO-540-AH1A engine. Externally the biggest difference was the new cowl, with much smaller, round air inlets. 1997-1998 Saratoga II TC's featured a King avionics suite, which was switched to dual Garmin GNS-430's and a GTX-320 transponder with the 1999 models. In mid-2000 model year the avionics were again updated, with one Garmin GNS-430 and one GNS-530 and a GTX-327 transponder as standard equipment. Beginning in 2004 the Saratoga models were available with an Avidyne Entegra "Glass Panel" avionics system, which was replaced by the Garmin G1000 in 2007.[13][14]
EMB-721C Sertanejo
License built variant of the PA-32R-300 and PA-32RT-300, 150 built.[1]
EMB-721D Sertanejo
License built variant of the PA-32-301, 55 built.[1]

Incidents[edit]

Specifications (1972 model PA-32RT-300)[edit]

Data from 1972 Piper Lance Owner's Handbook

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Capacity: five passengers (optional additional seat on some)
  • Length: 27 ft 9 in (8.44 m)
  • Wingspan: 32 ft 10 in (9.99 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 6 in (2.9 m)
  • Wing area: 174.5 ft2 (16.2 m2)
  • Wing profile: NACA 65-415
  • Empty weight: 2011 lb (912 kg)
  • Gross weight: 3600 lb (1633 kg)
  • Powerplant: One × Lycoming IO-540-K1G5, 300 hp (225 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 190 mph (306 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 160 mph (258 km/h)
  • Range: 1000 miles (1600 km)
  • Service ceiling: 14600 ft (4450 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1050 ft/min (5.3 m/s)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Peperell 1987, pp.219-224
  2. ^ a b Piper Aircraft (2009). "Discontinued Aircraft". Retrieved 2009-06-03. 
  3. ^ Piper Aircraft Line
  4. ^ Piper PA-32R-300 Cherokee Lance (1976) Pilot Information Manual; Piper Aircraft p/n 761-616
  5. ^ Clarke, Bill (2006). The Illustrated Buyer's Guide to Used Airplanes. McGraw-Hill. p. 320. ISBN 0-07-145427-6. 
  6. ^ Piper PA-32RT-300T Turbo Lance II (1978-1979) Pilot Information Manual; Piper Aircraft p/n 761-657
  7. ^ "Turbo Lance". Air Progress: 33. November 1978. 
  8. ^ Piper PA-32R-301 Saratoga SP (1980-1993) Pilot Information Manual; Piper Aircraft p/n 761-727
  9. ^ PA-32R-301 Saratoga II HP (1993-1995) (S/N 3213042–3213103) Pilot Information Manual; Piper Aircraft p/n 761-856
  10. ^ PA-32R-301 Saratoga II HP (1995) (S/N 3246001–3246017) Pilot Information Manual; Piper p/n 761-871
  11. ^ PA-32R-301 Saratoga II HP (1996-1997) (S/N 3246018–3246087) Pilot Information Manual; Piper p/n 761-885
  12. ^ PA-32R-301 Saratoga II HP (1997 & up) (S/N 3246088 & up) Pilot Information Manual; Piper p/n 761-899
  13. ^ PA-32R-301T Saratoga II TC (1997 & up) (S/N 3257001 & up) Pilot Information Manual; Piper p/n 761-900
  14. ^ PA-32R-301T Saratoga II TC (with Garmin G1000 EFIS) Pilot Information Manual; Piper p/n 767-058
  15. ^ "Boston.com / JFK Jr. Missing". The Boston Globe. 
  16. ^ Edsall, Thomas B. (January 2009). "The Intriguing Death Of Top GOP Consultant Michael Connell". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  17. ^ Democracy Now (December 2008). "Republican IT Specialist Dies in Plane Crash". Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  18. ^ Byrne, John, David Edwards and Stephen Webster (December 2008). "GOP consultant killed in plane crash was warned of sabotage: report". Retrieved 2009-06-06. [dead link]
  19. ^ National Transportation Safety Board (December 2008). "NTSB Identification: CEN09FA099". Retrieved 2009-06-06. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Peperell, Roger W; Smith, Colin M (1987). Piper Aircraft and their forerunners. Tonbridge, Kent, England: Air-Britain. ISBN 0-85130-149-5. 

External links[edit]