Piper oilfield

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Piper oilfield
North Sea Fields Zoom north.jpg
North Sea Oil and Gas Fields
Piper oilfield is located in North Sea
Piper oilfield
Location of Piper oilfield
Country Scotland, United Kingdom
Location North Sea
Offshore/onshore Offshore
Coordinates 58°24′N 1°12′E / 58.4°N 1.2°E / 58.4; 1.2Coordinates: 58°24′N 1°12′E / 58.4°N 1.2°E / 58.4; 1.2
Operator OPCAL
Field history
Discovery 1973
Start of production 1976
Production
Peak of production (oil) 300,000 barrels per day (~1.5×10^7 t/a)

The Piper oilfield is a substantial North Sea oilfield covering 30.1 km2 in UK Block 15/17 at "the eastern end of the Moray Firth basin".[1] Oil extracted from it is piped to Scotland, where it is refined at a purpose-built refinery on the island of Flotta, in the Orkney Islands while gas is shipped via the Frigg gas pipeline.[2] In June 1975, a "single steel platform, Piper Alpha, was located over the field in 144 m of water, "secured with 24 piles extending 116 m beneath the seafloor...to allow simultaneous drilling and production.[3] Piper Alpha was the site of one of the world's worst oil platform disasters in terms of lives lost and petroleum spilled, when it collapsed in 1988. Piper Bravo was installed in 1992.[4] Talisman Energy acquired a controlling interest in 2000.[5]

Occidental Petroleum Corp., Getty Oil (Britain) Ltd., Thomson North Sea Ltd., and Allied Chemical (North Sea) Ltd.,[6] that later transformed into the OPCAL joint venture, obtained an oil exploration licence in 1972 and discovered the Piper oilfield in early 1973, based on "drilling a seismically mapped structure".[7] Oil production started in 1976 with about 250,000 barrels per day (40,000 m3/d) increasing to 300,000 barrels per day (48,000 m3/d). A gas recovery module was installed by 1980. Production declined to 125,000 barrels per day (19,900 m3/d) by 1988. OPCAL built the Flotta oil terminal in the Orkney Islands to receive and process oil from the Piper, Claymore and Tartan fields, each with its own platform. A 30-inch (760 mm) diameter main oil pipeline run 128 miles (206 km) from Piper Alpha to Flotta, with a short oil pipeline from the Claymore platform joining it some 20 miles (32 km) to the west. The Tartan field also fed oil to Claymore and then onto the main line to Flotta.[8] Separate 46 cm diameter gas pipelines run from Piper to the Tartan platform, and from Piper to the gas compressing platform MCP-01 some 30 miles (48 km) to the northwest.

Geology[edit]

The field consists of three folded, tilted blocks on the northern edge of the Witch Ground Graben.[9] Production is from the Upper Jurassic Piper Sandstone, a high energy, marginal marine and shallow marine, shelf sandstone" with a thickness up to 142 m and an average porosity of 24%, and Oil-water contact ranging in depths from 2195 to 2804 m subsea.[10] "Piper oil has almost certainly originated in the Kimmeridge Shale.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maher, C.E., Piper Oil Field, in Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade:1968-1978, AAPG Memoir 30, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa:American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813063, pp. 131-133
  2. ^ Maher, C.E., Piper Oil Field, in Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade:1968-1978, AAPG Memoir 30, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa:American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813063, p. 133
  3. ^ Maher, C.E., Piper Oil Field, in Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade:1968-1978, AAPG Memoir 30, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa:American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813063, p. 133
  4. ^ Talisman Energy information about Piper Bravo
  5. ^ Talisman Energy February 9, 2000 Announcement
  6. ^ Maher, C.E., Piper Oil Field, in Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade:1968-1978, AAPG Memoir 30, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa:American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813063, p. 133
  7. ^ Maher, C.E., Piper Oil Field, in Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade:1968-1978, AAPG Memoir 30, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa:American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813063, p. 133
  8. ^ pipeline dimensions
  9. ^ Maher, C.E., Piper Oil Field, in Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade:1968-1978, AAPG Memoir 30, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa:American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813063, p. 131
  10. ^ Maher, C.E., Piper Oil Field, in Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade:1968-1978, AAPG Memoir 30, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa:American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813063, p. 131
  11. ^ Maher, C.E., Piper Oil Field, in Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade:1968-1978, AAPG Memoir 30, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa:American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813063, p. 159

External links[edit]