Pipes of Peace
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2008)|
|Pipes of Peace|
|Studio album by Paul McCartney|
|Released||31 October 1983|
|Recorded||October/December 1980, February/March 1981, Summer 1981, September/October 1982, February/July 1983|
|Genre||Rock, pop rock|
|Paul McCartney chronology|
|Singles from Pipes of Peace|
Pipes of Peace is the fifth solo studio album by Paul McCartney, released in 1983. As the follow-up to the popular Tug of War, Pipes of Peace was nearly as successful and the source of more big hits for McCartney although critics were much cooler on the album than they were on its predecessor.
Background and structure
Upon its release, many were quick to notice that Pipes of Peace mirrored its predecessor in many ways. It was produced by George Martin, it featured two collaborations with the same artist (this time with Michael Jackson; the Tug of War collaborations being with Stevie Wonder), and continued McCartney's alliance in the studio with Ringo Starr, former 10cc guitarist Eric Stewart and his last session work with Wings guitarist Denny Laine. The reason for all of this is that many of the songs released on Pipes of Peace were recorded during the 1981 sessions for Tug of War, with "Pipes of Peace", "The Other Me", "So Bad", "Tug of Peace" and "Through Our Love" being recorded afterward in September/October 1982. By November, McCartney would start shooting his self-written motion picture Give My Regards to Broad Street, co-starring wife Linda, Ringo Starr and Tracey Ullman, which would take up most of his time throughout 1983. Due to the filming commitments (and to allow a reasonable lapse of time between his new album and Tug of War), Pipes of Peace was delayed until October for release.
With momentum building for his film project—and the accompanying soundtrack album—McCartney would spend much of his energies finishing and preparing for Give My Regards to Broad Street until its release in the autumn of 1984.
In 1983 Pipes of Peace made its debut on CD on Columbia Records. In 1993, Pipes of Peace was remastered and reissued on CD as part of "The Paul McCartney Collection" series, with the previously unreleased "Twice in a Lifetime" (the title song for a 1985 film); his 1984 hit from the Rupert Bear project, "We All Stand Together"; and "Simple as That", released in 1986 on the charity album The Anti-Heroin Project - It's A Live-In World – all as bonus tracks. "Ode to a Koala Bear" (the B-side to "Say Say Say") was overlooked for inclusion.
Critical reaction was less than that which had greeted Tug of War, many feeling that Pipes of Peace was a weaker execution of its predecessor's formula.
The album featured the duet between McCartney and Jackson, "Say Say Say" which reached No. 2 in the UK and No. 1 in the US where it remained for six weeks (late 1983/early 1984).
Following "Say Say Say", the album's title track became a UK no. 1 in early 1984, while in the US, "So Bad" was a Top 30 hit. The album itself was nearly as successful as Tug of War, reaching no. 4 in the UK and no. 15 in the US.
- Side one
- "Pipes of Peace" – 3:56
- "Say Say Say" – 3:55
- Duet with Michael Jackson
- "The Other Me" – 3:58
- "Keep Under Cover" – 3:05
- "So Bad" – 3:20
- Side two
- "The Man" – 3:55
- Duet with Michael Jackson
- "Sweetest Little Show" – 2:54
- "Average Person" – 4:33
- "Hey Hey" – 2:54
- "Tug of Peace" – 2:54
- "Through Our Love" – 3:28
- Bonus tracks
|The Paul McCartney Collection's 1993 reissue bonus tracks|
|12.||"Twice in a Lifetime"||2:59|
|13.||"We All Stand Together"||4:22|
|14.||"Simple as That"||4:17|
- Paul McCartney: bass guitar, guitars, piano, keyboards, synthesizer, drums, vocals
- Linda McCartney: keyboards, backing vocals
- Michael Jackson: vocals on Say Say Say and The Man, the duets with him and McCartney.
- Eric Stewart: guitars, backing vocals
- Denny Laine: guitars, keyboards, vocals
- Hughie Burn: guitar
- Geoff Whitehorn: guitar
- Stanley Clarke: bass guitar, vocals
- Gavin Wright: violin
- Jerry Hey: strings, horn
- Gary Herbig: flute
- Chris Hammer Smith: harmonica
- Andy Mackay: saxophone
- Ernie Watts: saxophone
- Gary Grant: horns
- Ringo Starr: drums
- Steve Gadd: drums
- Dave Mattacks: drums
- James Kippen: tabla on "Pipes of Peace"
- Petalozzi's Children's Choir: backing vocals on "Pipes of Peace"
- Martin Hunt : Extra on video, "Pipes of Peace"
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||100,000^|
|Japan (Oricon Charts)||201,000|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||300,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Pipes of Peace at AllMusic. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- Rolling Stone 19 January 1984
- Christgau, Robert. Pipes of Peace. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace – austriancharts.at" (ASP) (in German). Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 39, No. 15" (PHP). RPM. 10 December 1983. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
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- Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970-2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
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- Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
- "swedishcharts.com Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace" (ASP). Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace – hitparade.ch" (ASP) (in German). Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Chart Stats Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace" (PHP). The Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 29 December 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Allmusic: Pipes of Peace: Charts & Awards: Billboard Albums". allmusic.com. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Album Search: Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace" (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Les Albums (CD) de 1983 par InfoDisc" (PHP) (in French). infodisc.fr. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "UK best albums 1983". Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1984". RPM. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- 1984年アルバム年間ヒットチャート "Japanese Year-End Albums Chart 1984" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- "UK best albums 1984". Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Nielsen Business Media, Inc. "1984 Billboard Year-End". Billboard. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Canadian album certifications – Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace". Music Canada. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "British album certifications – Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 7 February 2012. Enter Pipes of Peace in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- "American album certifications – Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 7 February 2012. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
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