Pipes of Peace
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2008)|
|Pipes of Peace|
|Studio album by Paul McCartney|
|Released||31 October 1983|
|Recorded||October/December 1980, February/March 1981, Summer 1981, September/October 1982, February/July 1983|
|Genre||Rock, pop rock|
|Paul McCartney chronology|
|Singles from Pipes of Peace|
Pipes of Peace is the fifth solo studio album by Paul McCartney, released in 1983. As the follow-up to the popular Tug of War, Pipes of Peace was nearly as successful and the source of more big hits for McCartney although critics were much cooler on the album than they were on its predecessor.
Background and structure 
Upon its release, many were quick to notice that Pipes of Peace mirrored its predecessor in many ways. It was produced by George Martin, it featured two collaborations with the same artist (this time with Michael Jackson; the Tug of War collaborations being with Stevie Wonder), and continued McCartney's alliance in the studio with Ringo Starr, former 10cc guitarist Eric Stewart and his last session work with Wings guitarist Denny Laine. The reason for all of this is that many of the songs released on Pipes of Peace were recorded during the 1981 sessions for Tug of War, with "Pipes of Peace", "The Other Me", "So Bad", "Tug of Peace" and "Through Our Love" being recorded afterward in September/October 1982. By November, McCartney would start shooting his self-written motion picture Give My Regards to Broad Street, co-starring wife Linda, Ringo Starr and Tracey Ullman, which would take up most of his time throughout 1983. Due to the filming commitments (and to allow a reasonable lapse of time between his new album and Tug of War), Pipes of Peace was delayed until October for release.
With momentum building for his film project—and the accompanying soundtrack album—McCartney would spend much of his energies finishing and preparing for Give My Regards to Broad Street until its release in the autumn of 1984.
In 1983 Pipes of Peace made its debut on CD on Columbia Records. In 1993, Pipes of Peace was remastered and reissued on CD as part of "The Paul McCartney Collection" series, with the previously unreleased "Twice in a Lifetime" (the title song for a 1985 film), his 1984 hit from the Rupert Bear project, "We All Stand Together", and "Simple as That", released in 1986 on an anti-heroin charity album - all as bonus tracks. "Ode to a Koala Bear" (the B-side to "Say Say Say") was overlooked for inclusion.
As a trivia fact, this is the only album in his catalogue from which McCartney has never chosen a single track for live performance.
|Robert Christgau||B− |
Critical reaction was less than what had greeted Tug of War, many feeling that Pipes of Peace was a weaker execution of its predecessor's formula.
The album featured the duet between McCartney and Jackson, "Say Say Say" which reached #2 in the UK and #1 in the US where it remained for six weeks (late-1983/early-1984). From 1981 to 1985, McCartney and Jackson would enjoy a friendship, until the two fell out in 1985, when Jackson purchased ATV Music, the company that owned the bulk of The Beatles' song copyrights.
Following "Say Say Say", the album's title track became a UK #1 in early 1984, while in the US, "So Bad" was a Top 30 hit. The album itself was nearly as successful as Tug Of War, reaching #4 in the UK and #15 in the US.
Track listing 
- Side one
- "Pipes of Peace" – 3:56
- "Say Say Say" – 3:55
- Duet with Michael Jackson
- "The Other Me" – 3:58
- "Keep Under Cover" – 3:05
- "So Bad" – 3:20
- Side two
- "The Man" – 3:55
- Duet with Michael Jackson
- "Sweetest Little Show" – 2:54
- "Average Person" – 4:33
- "Hey Hey" – 2:54
- "Tug of Peace" – 2:54
- "Through Our Love" – 3:28
- Bonus tracks
|The Paul McCartney Collection's 1993 reissue bonus track|
|12.||"Twice in a Lifetime"||2:59|
|13.||"We All Stand Together"||4:22|
|14.||"Simple as That"||4:17|
- Paul McCartney: Bass guitar, guitars, piano, keyboards, synthesizer, drums, vocals
- Linda McCartney: Keyboards, backing vocals
- Michael Jackson: Vocals
- Eric Stewart: Guitars, backing vocals
- Denny Laine: Guitars, keyboards, vocals
- Hughie Burns: Guitar
- Geoff Whitehorn: Guitar
- Stanley Clarke: Bass guitar, vocals
- Gavin Wright: Violin
- Jerry Hey: Strings, horns
- Gary Herbig: Flute
- Chris Hammer Smith: Harmonica
- Andy Mackay: Saxophone
- Ernie Watts: Saxophone
- Gary Grant: Horns
- Ringo Starr: Drums
- Steve Gadd: Drums
- Dave Mattacks: Drums
- James Kippen: Tabla on "Pipes of Peace"
- Petalozzi's Children's Choir: Backing vocals on "Pipes of Peace"
- Martin Hunt : Extra on video, "Pipes of Peace"
Chart positions 
Year-end charts 
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||100,000^|
|Japan (Oricon Charts)||201,000|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||300,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Pipes of Peace at Allmusic. Retrieved 2011-06-29.
- Rolling Stone 19 January 1984
- Christgau, Robert. Pipes of Peace. Retrieved 2011-06-29.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970-1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Paul McCartney - Pipes of Peace - austriancharts.at" (ASP) (in German). Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-07
- "dutchcharts.nl Paul McCartney - Pipes of Peace" (ASP). dutchcharts.nl. MegaCharts. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "InfoDisc : Tous les Albums classés par Artiste > Choisir Un Artiste Dans la Liste" (PHP) (in French). infodisc.fr. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "Hit Parade Italia - Gli album più venduti del 1983" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- a-ビートルズ "- Yamachan Land (Archives of the Japanese record charts) - Albums Chart Daijiten - The Beatles" (in Japanese). 2007-12-30. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "charts.org.nz Paul McCartney - Pipes of Peace" (ASP). Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "norwegiancharts.com Paul McCartney - Pipes of Peace" (ASP). VG-lista. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "swedishcharts.com Paul McCartney - Pipes of Peace" (ASP). Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "Paul McCartney - Pipes Of Peace - hitparade.ch" (ASP) (in German). Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "Chart Stats Paul McCartney - Pipes of Peace" (PHP). The Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "allmusic ((( Pipes of Peace > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))". allmusic.com. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "Album Search: Paul McCartney - Pipes of Peace" (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "Les Albums (CD) de 1983 par InfoDisc" (PHP) (in French). infodisc.fr. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
- "UK best albums 1983". Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1984". RPM. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
- 1984年アルバム年間ヒットチャート "Japanese Year-End Albums Chart 1984" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- "UK best albums 1984". Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- "1984 Billboard Year-End". Google Books. Billboard. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- "Canadian album certifications – Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace". Music Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970-2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
- "British album certifications – Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2012-02-07. Enter Pipes of Peace in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- "American album certifications – Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2012-02-07. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
Infidels by Bob Dylan
|Norwegian VG-lista Chart number-one album
Cheek to Cheek by Jahn Teigen and Anita Skorgan