In the 12th Century Richard I held his Midland Parliaments in Pipewell.
Pipewell was the site of a Cistercian abbey established in 1143 by William Butevilain, and all of the settlement is built around three fields where this used to be, which contains the Harpers Brook, a tributary of the River Nene, running through the centre. It was located within the old Rockingham Forest and some of its income came from sale of the timber and undergrowth.
Pipewall Hall, a Grade II mansion, was built in 1675 with some of the stone from the former abbey: the abbey remains are contained in its estate.  By 1720 no standing masonry was visible.
In 2004, it was proposed that Pipewell would be connected to Corby by a housing development, to be completed by 2050. However this is uncertain as there are two Site of Special Scientific Interest woods at the top of the village and it is a conservation area with the Abbey site of historical interest.
Pipewell also holds Northamptonshire's smallest church building, known as the Abbey Church of St Mary, which was built in 1881.
- Cistercian Abbeys: Pipewell. The Cistercians in Yorkshire. Retrieved 7 December 2009
- R.M. Serjeantson, W.R.D. Adkins (editors) (1906). "House of Cistercian monks: The abbey of Pipewell". A History of the County of Northampton: Volume 2. Institute of Historical Research.
- "Pipewell Hall and Wall Attached to Right, Wilbarston". British Listed Buildings.
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