Middleton at the wedding of Lady Melissa Percy in June 2013
|Born||Philippa Charlotte Middleton
6 September 1983
Reading, Berkshire, England
|Education||University of Edinburgh|
Philippa Charlotte "Pippa" Middleton (born 6 September 1983) is an English socialite, author, columnist, and the younger sister of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. Middleton began receiving media attention with her appearance at her sister's wedding to Prince William, and has continued to do so for her fashion sense and personal relationships.
Pippa Middleton is the second of three children born to Michael Middleton, a former British Airways flight dispatcher, and Carole Middleton (née Goldsmith), a former flight attendant. Her father's family came from Leeds, now in West Yorkshire, and her paternal great-grandmother, Olive, belonged to the Lupton family who, according to the City of Leeds archives, were "woollen manufacturers and landed gentry; a business and political dynasty".  Carole Middleton's family are from London. Her ancestors worked as labourers and miners in County Durham.
In the mid 1980s, when her two eldest children were at a nursery school and the family was living at Bradfield Southend, Carole Middleton set up Party Pieces, a company that began by making party bags and went on to sell party supplies and decorations by mail order. By 1995 the firm, run by both parents, was so successful that it moved into a range of farm buildings at Ashampstead Common, and since then the Middleton parents are reported to have become millionaires. While at Bradfield Southend, Middleton and her sister were members of the local St Andrew's Brownie pack.
In 1995, the family moved to Bucklebury, Berkshire. Like her sister, Middleton was first educated at St Andrew's School, Pangbourne and Downe House School, a girls' day and boarding school in Cold Ash. She attended Marlborough College on a sports/all-rounder scholarship. Middleton then graduated from the University of Edinburgh with an English literature degree, where she shared a house with Lord Edward Innes-Ker, a son of the Duke of Roxburghe, and with Earl Percy, heir apparent of the Duke of Northumberland.
Following her graduation, Middleton briefly worked in 2008 at a public relations firm promoting luxury products. She then took on an events management job with Table Talk, a company based in London that organises corporate events and parties. Also in 2008, Tatler magazine named Middleton "the Number 1 Society Singleton", ahead of singer-songwriter James Blunt and Princess Eugenie of York, although in the same Tatler article she was described as someone who "goes to a lot of parties, but mainly as the caterer." Since then, she has often been described as a socialite. As part of a duo with her older sister, Middleton has received wide press coverage, focusing on her social life and her lifestyle. In April 2012, Time magazine listed Middleton as one of the 100 most influential people in the world.
Penguin Books paid Middleton a £400,000 advance for a book on party planning. The book, entitled Celebrate, was published in autumn 2012, and had lower than anticipated sales as many reviewers mocked it for the obviousness of its content. Middleton said that she was not using a ghost writer. In March 2013, Middleton parted from her literary agent.
Middleton is also a regular columnist for several publications. She has contributed articles to The Spectator magazine since December 2012 and began having a food column in the supermarket magazine Waitrose Kitchen beginning in Spring 2013. In June 2013 she was named a contributing editor of Vanity Fair writing a series of columns for the magazine. Beginning in September 2013, Middleton also writes a fortnightly sports and social column for The Sunday Telegraph. She has since parted ways from The Telegraph in May 2014.
The official announcement of her sister's engagement came on 16 November 2010. Middleton served as the maid of honour. At the wedding, Middleton's white figure-hugging dress, which, like the bride's, was created by Sarah Burton of Alexander McQueen, was highly praised in the media. Made of ivory crepe fabric, it was styled with a cowl at the front and organza-covered buttons at the back. Copies of the dress were soon available on High Street where there was a great demand for them.
Middleton's ancestors include Sir Thomas Fairfax (1475–1520) whose wife Anne Gascoigne, was a descendant of Edward III. Ancestors through her maternal line include Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Baronet (1731–1810) who was a descendant of Edward IV via his illegitimate daughter Elizabeth Plantaganet. Rev. Thomas Davis, a Church of England hymn-writer, whose granddaughter Olive Christiana Lupton was the paternal grandmother of Michael Middleton is also an ancestor. Her maternal great-great-great-grandfather John Goldsmith was married to Esther Jones at St John's Hoxton in 1850.
|Ancestors of Pippa Middleton|
- "Pippa Middleton biography". Biography.com.
- "Pippa Middleton". People.
- "Pippa Middleton's Birthday: A Look Back At A Year Of Style (PHOTOS)". Huffington Post. 6 September 2011.
- Joseph, Claudia (21 November 2010). "The intriguing story of the woman who gave Kate her looks – and family wealth". Daily Mail. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- Lundy, Darryl. "Philippa Charlotte Middleton". The Peerage. p. 19582. Retrieved January 2011.[unreliable source]
- "Ancestry of Kate Middleton". wargs.com. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- Until 1974 in the West Riding of Yorkshire.
- Archives, Leodis. "Leodis - A photographic Archive of Leeds". Headingley Castle, Leeds - "The Lupton family of Leeds were landed gentry; a business and political dynasty". UK Government, Leeds City Council. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- Brennan, Zoe (19 March 2011). "The family fortune of the minted Middletons". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 July 2013. "The Luptons were an upper-middle-class family of merchants and property developers. While not aristocrats, they were definitely genteel."
- Wilson, Christopher (22 December 2006). "Kate, the coal miner's girl". Daily Mail. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Party Pieces Princess". News of the World. 21 November 2010. p. 4.
- "About us". partypieces.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
- "Generation why-should-I?". The Scotsman. 11 June 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- Joseph, Claudia (22 January 2012). "When Kate was an Elf – and Pippa an Imp". Daily Mail. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Profiles: Kate Middleton". Hello!. August 2001.
- Curtis, Nick (10 May 2011). "Everything you never knew about Pippa Middleton". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- Pukas, Anna (20 November 2010). "Kate Middleton's eligible little sister". Daily Express. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
- "Welcome to the Firm". Channel 4. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- Peskoe, Ashley. "Pippa Middleton: 5 Things You Need to Know". ABC News. Retrieved 17 February 2011.
- "Kate Middleton's Sister, Pippa: a socialite butterfly". royalweddings.org.uk. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
- Nicholl, Katie (21 April 2007). "First Kate, now sister Pippa splits from heir". Daily Mail.
- Nicholl, Katie (26 September 2009). "A Churchill snaps up the other Miss Middleton". Daily Mail.
- Levinson, Robin (18 April 2012). "Pippa Middleton in gun photo controversy one day... Time Magazine's 100 most influential people the next". National Post.
- Walker, Tim (17 November 2010). "Wedding is good business for Pippa Middleton". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 February 2011.
- Chilton, Martin (12 November 2012). "Pippa Middleton's New Book". Business Insider. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Howse, Christopher (2 November 2012). "Celebrate by Pippa Middleton: review". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Myers, Russell; Perthen, Amanda (28 April 2012). "She was paid £400k for her book of party advice, now Pippa gives wedding tips to her best friend – for free". Daily Mail. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Pippa Middleton parts from agent after just one book". The Daily Telegraph. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "Pippa Middleton". The Spectator. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "Pippa Middleton's Debut Waitrose Kitchen Food Column Could Use More of One Key Ingredient: Food". Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- "Pippa Middleton Named Vanity Fair Contributing Editor, Writes About Her (and Kate's) Tennis Obsession". Vanity Fair. 5 June 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- Pippa Middleton "Pippa Middleton". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- Katz, Gregory; Baluja, Tamara (14 February 2011). "Royal wedding update: Prince Harry to be best man, Kate's sister Pippa is maid of honour". Yahoo Canada. The Associated Press, The Canadian Press. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011.
- "Debenhams produce £170 copy of Pippa Middleton's bridesmaid dress". The Daily Telegraph. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Karmali, Sarah (4 August 2011). "Pippa Middleton bridesmaid dress replicas hit Debenhams". MyDaily UK. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Singh, Anita (29 April 2011). "Pippa Middleton shines as maid of honour". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Elser, Daniela (30 April 2011). "Pippa Middleton almost steals the show from sister Kate on her big day". News.com.au. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Bergin, Olivia (4 August 2011). "Debenhams produce £170 copy of Pippa Middleton's bridesmaid dress". The Daily Telegraph.
- Adolph, Anthony. "Princess Catherine". Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Rayner, Gordon. "Duchess of Cambridge's relative wore crown and attended coronation of George V". Michael Middleton's descent from Edward III. UK Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 January 2104. "Michael Middleton is a direct descendant of Edward III"
- Child, Christopher C. (Fall 2011). "A Gratifying Discovery: Connecting Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, to Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Bt. of Horden, Durham". American Ancestors. New England Historic Genealogical Society. pp. 35–36. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Lundy, Darryl. "Reverend Thomas Davis". The Peerage. Retrieved March 2011.[unreliable source]
- Lundy, Darryl. "Olive Christiana Lupton". The Peerage. Retrieved March 2011.[unreliable source]
- William and Kate at the Internet Movie Database Retrieved 19 February 2011.
- Magrath, Andrea (21 February 2011). "First Look: The actors portraying William and Kate in TV movie in character as the royal couple... but doesn't he look more like Harry?". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 9 May 2011.
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