Pippin (musical)

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Pippin
Pippinalbum.jpg
Original Cast Recording
Music Stephen Schwartz
Lyrics Stephen Schwartz
Book Roger O. Hirson
Basis Fictitious life of Pippin the Hunchback, son of Charlemagne
Productions 1972 Broadway
1973 West End
1981 Canadian television
2009 Los Angeles
2012 Cambridge
2013 Broadway revival
2014 US National Tour
Awards Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical

Pippin is a Tony Award-winning musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and a book by Roger O. Hirson. Bob Fosse, who directed the original Broadway production, also contributed to the libretto. The musical uses the premise of a mysterious performance troupe, led by a Leading Player, to tell the story of Pippin, a young prince on his search for meaning and significance.

The protagonist, Pippin, and his father, Charlemagne, are characters derived from two real-life individuals of the early Middle Ages, though the plot presents very little historical accuracy regarding either. The show was partially financed by Motown Records. As of April, 2014, the original run of Pippin is the 32nd longest-running Broadway show.[1] Pippin was originally conceived by Stephen Schwartz as Pippin, Pippin, a student musical performed by Carnegie Mellon's Scotch'n'Soda theatre troupe.[2]

According to musical theatre scholar Scott Miller in his 1996 book, From Assassins to West Side Story, "Pippin is a largely under-appreciated musical with a great deal more substance to it than many people realize...Because of its 1970s pop style score and a somewhat emasculated licensed version for amateur productions, which is very different from the original Broadway production, the show now has a reputation for being merely cute and harmlessly naughty; but if done the way director Bob Fosse envisioned it, the show is surreal and disturbing."[3] Ben Vereen and Patina Miller won Tony Awards for their portrayals of the Leading Player in the original Broadway production and the revival, respectively, making them the first two actors of different genders to win a Tony for the same role.

Synopsis[edit]

The play begins with a Leading Player of a troupe and the accompanying actors in various costume pieces of several different time periods, establishing the play's intentionally anachronistic, defamiliarized, unconventional feel. Channeling the style of Bertolt Brecht, Hirson breaks the fourth wall, and the Leading Player and his troupe speak directly to the audience. They invite members of the crowd to join them in a story about a boy prince searching for fulfillment ("Magic to Do"). They reveal that the boy who is to play the title character is a new actor. Pippin tells the scholars of his dreams to find where he belongs ("Corner of the Sky"), and they happily applaud Pippin on his ambitious quest for an extraordinary life. Pippin then returns home to the castle and estate of Charlemagne (King Charles), his father. Charles and Pippin don't get a chance to communicate often, as they are interrupted by nobles, soldiers, and courtiers vying for Charles' attention ("Welcome Home"), and Charles is clearly uncomfortable speaking with his educated son or expressing any loving emotions. Pippin also meets up with his stepmother Fastrada, and her dim-witted son Lewis. Charles and Lewis are planning on going into battle against the Visigoths soon, and Pippin begs Charles to take him along so as to prove himself. Charles reluctantly agrees and proceeds to explain a battle plan to his men ("War is a Science").

Once in battle, the Leading Player re-enters to lead the troupe in a mock battle using top hats, canes, and fancy jazz as to glorify warfare and violence ("Glory"). Fosse's famous "Manson Trio" is performed by the Leading Player and his two lead dancers in the middle of this number. This charade of war does not appeal to Pippin, and the boy flees into the countryside. The Leading Player tells the audience of Pippin's travel through the country, until he stops at his exiled grandmother's estate ("Simple Joys"). There, Berthe (his grandmother, and Charles's mother, exiled by Fastrada) tells Pippin not to be so serious and to live a little ("No Time At All"). Pippin takes this advice and decides to search for something a bit more lighthearted ("With You"). While he initially enjoys many meaningless sexual encounters, he soon discovers that relationships without love leave you "empty and unfulfilled."

The Leading Player then tells Pippin that perhaps he should fight tyranny, and uses Charles as a perfect example of an unenlightened tyrant to fight. Pippin plans a revolution, and Fastrada is delighted to hear that perhaps Charles and Pippin will both perish so that her beloved Lewis can become king. Fastrada arranges the murder of Charles, and Pippin falls victim to her plot ("Spread a Little Sunshine"). While Charles is praying at Arles, Pippin murders him, and becomes the new king ("Morning Glow"). However, after petitions from the masses, Pippin realizes that neither he nor his father could change society and had to act as tyrants. He begs the Leading Player to bring his slain father back to life, and the Leading Player does so. At this point in the currently licensed production, the Leading Player then introduces Pippin to The Finale.

Pippin is left without direction until the Leading Player inspires him ("On the Right Track"). After experimenting with art and religion, he falls into monumental despair and collapses on the floor. Catherine finds him on the street, and is attracted by the arch of his foot ("And There He Was") and when Pippin comes to, she introduces herself to Pippin ("Kind of Woman"), a widow, with a small boy, Theo. From the start, it is clear that the Leading Player is concerned with Catherine's actual attraction to Pippin—after all, she is but a player playing a part in his yet-to-be-unfolded plan. At first, Pippin thinks himself above such boring manorial duties as sweeping, repairs, and milking cows ("Extraordinary"), but eventually he comforts Theo on the sickness and eventual death of his pet ("Prayer for a Duck") and warms up to the lovely Catherine ("Love Song"). However, as time goes by, Pippin feels that he must leave the estate to continue searching for his purpose. Catherine is heartbroken, and reflects on him (much to the Leading Player's anger and surprise) ("I Guess I'll Miss the Man").

All alone on a stage, Pippin is surrounded by the Leading Player and the various troupe members. They all suggest that Pippin complete the most perfect act ever: the Finale. They tell Pippin to jump into a box of fire, light himself up, and "become one with the flame." Pippin is reluctant at first, but slowly loses resistance ("Finale"). He is stopped by his natural misgivings and also by one actress from the troupe—the woman playing Catherine. Catherine and her son Theo stand by Pippin and defy the script, the Leading Player, and Fastrada. Pippin comes to the realization that the widow's home was the only place where he was truly happy ("Magic Shows and Miracles") "...I never came close my love". Having experimented with every possible path to fulfillment, he feels humbled, and realizes that maybe the most fulfilling road of all is a modest, ordinary life. He comes to the conclusion that, while "settling down" may at times be mundane and boring, "if [he's] never tied to anything, [he'll] never be free." The Leading Player becomes furious and calls off the show, telling the rest of the troupe and the orchestra to pack up and leave Pippin, Catherine, and her son alone on an empty, dark and silent stage: "You try singing without music, sweetheart!" Pippin realizes that he has given up his extraordinary purpose for the simplest and most ordinary life of all, and he is finally a happy man. When Catherine asks him how he feels, he says he feels "trapped, but happy."

Alternate ending[edit]

Some newer productions of Pippin, including the 2013 Broadway revival, have featured a slightly different ending. After the troupe shuns Pippin for not performing the grand finale, and he avers his contentment with a simple life with Catherine, Theo remains on stage, and sings a verse of "Corner of the Sky", after which the Leading Player and the troupe return onto the stage. The light on Theo becomes brighter, and presumably, the cycle continues. Blackout. Current productions vary between the two possible endings, though Schwartz himself has expressed his preference for the newer ending.[4]

Songs[edit]

Though Pippin is written to be performed in one act and its single-arc structure does not easily accommodate an intermission, many performances are broken into two acts. In the two-act version currently licensed by Musical Theatre International, the intermission comes after "Morning Glow", with an Act I finale – an abridged version of "Magic to Do" – inserted after Charles's murder. As with the new ending, the intermission can be added at the director's discretion without additional permission required.[5] The 2013 Broadway revival is performed with an intermission.

†Introduced by John Rubinstein in the title role on Broadway and performed by Paul Jones in the London production. The song was covered by The Jackson 5 in 1972, and is included as a bonus track on the 2000 CD release of the Original Broadway Cast Recording. A duet by Dusty Springfield and Petula Clark, whose vocals were recorded more than thirty years apart, is included on Clark's 2007 CD Duets.

* The song was covered by Michael Jackson (from his 1973 album Music & Me), and is included as a bonus track on the 2000 CD release of the Original Broadway Cast Recording.

‡The song was covered by The Supremes in 1972, and is included as a bonus track on the 2000 CD release of the Original Broadway Cast Recording.

§In the licensed production and the 2013 revival only.

In the original 1972 production Fosse planned to use Stephen Schwartz's song "Marking Time" but before the show opened on Broadway the song was replaced with "Extraordinary".

Productions[edit]

Broadway[edit]

The show premiered at the Imperial Theater on October 23, 1972, and ran for 1,944 performances before closing on June 12, 1977. It was directed and choreographed by Bob Fosse.

Original cast:

Clive Barnes commented for The New York Times, "It is a commonplace set to rock music, and I must say I found most of the music somewhat characterless...It is nevertheless consistently tuneful and contains a few rock ballads that could prove memorable."[6] Advertising for the Broadway production broke new ground with the first TV commercial that actually showed scenes from a Broadway show.[7] The commercial, which ran 60 seconds, showed Ben Vereen and two other dancers, Candy Brown and Pamela Sousa who were in the chorus of the show, in the instrumental dance sequence from "Glory". The commercial ended with the tagline, "You can see the other 119 minutes of Pippin live at the Imperial Theatre, without commercial interruption.""

Notable Broadway replacements include: Samuel E. Wright, Northern J. Calloway , Ben Harney, and Larry Riley (actor) [8]as Leading Player; Michael Rupert, William Katt and Dean Pitchford as Pippin; Betty Buckley as Catherine; Dorothy Stickney as Berthe; and Priscilla Lopez as Fastrada.

Broadway revival (2013)[edit]

The American Repertory Theater's recent production of Pippin transferred to Broadway in March 2013. The production began previews on March 23, 2013 at the Music Box Theatre, with an opening on April 25. The same cast that performed at the A.R.T. is also in the Broadway production: Matthew James Thomas as the title prince, Patina Miller as Leading Player, Andrea Martin as Berthe, Rachel Bay Jones as Catherine, Erik Altemus as Lewis, Terrence Mann as King Charles, Charlotte d'Amboise as Fastrada and Andrew Cekala as Theo. Diane Paulus again directs, with circus choreography and acrobatics by Chet Walker and Gypsy Snider.[9] This revival won 4 Tony Awards at the 67th Tony Awards out of 10 nominations including the Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical, Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical for Miller, Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical for Martin, and Best Direction of a Musical for Paulus. As of April 1, 2014, the roles of Pippin and Leading Player were taken over by Kyle Dean Massey and Ciara Renee, respectively. The role of Berthe was taken over by Tovah Feldshuh, Annie Potts, and then Priscilla Lopez. On June 19, 2014 John Rubinstein, the original Pippin in 1972, replaced Terrence Mann in the role of Charles. From September 2, 2014 through September 21, 2014, the role of Berthe will be played by again Andrea Martin, who won the Tony for her portrayal of Berthe in 2013.

London[edit]

The show opened in the West End at Her Majesty's Theatre on October 30, 1973, and ran for 85 performances. Bob Fosse again was director and choreographer.

London cast:

It was later revived at the Menier Chocolate Factory in December 2011 starring Frances Ruffelle.

Other productions[edit]

Los Angeles Civic Light Opera (1978)[edit]

Starring Michael Rupert as Pippin, Larry Riley (actor) as Leading Player, Eric Berry as Charles, Thelma Carpenter as Berthe

Paper Mill (2000)[edit]

In June 2000, the Paper Mill Playhouse in Milburn, New Jersey staged a revival with director Robert Johanson, choreographer Rob Ashford, set design Michael Anania, costume design by Gene Meyer and Gregg Barnes, lighting design Kirk Bookman, and orchestrations by David Siegel. The cast starred Jim Newman (Lead Player), Ed Dixon (Charlemagne), Jack Noseworthy (Pippin), Natascia Diaz (Catherine), Sara Gettelfinger (Fastrada), Davis Kirby (Lewis), and Charlotte Rae (Berthe).[10]

Concert (2004)[edit]

In 2004, the first major New York revisitation of the show was featured as the second annual World AIDS Day Concert presented by Jamie McGonnigal. It featured Michael Arden as Pippin, Laura Benanti as Catherine, Julia Murney as Fastrada, Terrence Mann as Charlemagne, Charles Busch as Berthe, and the role of the Leading Player was split up among five actors including Rosie O'Donnell, Darius de Haas, Billy Porter, Kate Shindle and a surprise guest appearance by Ben Vereen, making his first New York stage appearance in over a decade.

Bay Street Theatre (2005)[edit]

In 2005, the Bay Street Theatre in Sag Harbor, New York staged a production starring BD Wong (Leading Player), Stephanie Pope (Fastrada), Anastasia Barzee (Catherine) and James Stanek (Pippin). The production ran from August 9, 2005 through September 4, 2005.

Los Angeles (2009)[edit]

The show was produced in Los Angeles at the Mark Taper Forum, from January 15, 2009, through March 15, 2009, in a radically different form. The play's setting was changed to reflect a modern tone and was subtly modified to include deaf actors using American Sign Language. The production was choreographed and directed by Jeff Calhoun for actors from both the Deaf West Theatre Company and the Center Theatre Group. The title character was played by Tyrone Giordano, who was voiced by actor Michael Arden.,[11] The New York Times noted that the duality was required by the situation, but effectively showcased the character's "lack of a fixed self" in an exciting new fashion.[12][13]

Cast:

  • Michael Arden and Tyrone Giordano (Pippin)
  • Dan Callaway (Voice of Charles/Soldier)
  • Bryan Terrell Clark (Voice of Theo/Noble)
  • Nicolas Conway/José F. Lopez Jr. (Theo)
  • Rodrick Covington (Voices of Torch Bearer Noble and Couriers No. 2 and No. 3/Courier No. 1)
  • James Royce Edwards (Lewis)
  • Sara Gettelfinger (Fastrada)
  • Harriet Harris (Berthe)
  • Troy Kotsur (Charles)
  • John McGinty (Noble/Courier No. 2/Peasant)
  • Anthony Natale (Torch Bearer/Petitioner/Courier No. 3)
  • Aleks Pevec (Voices of Petitioner and Peasant/Visigoth Head)
  • Ty Taylor (Leading Player)
  • Melissa van der Schyff (Catherine)
  • Alexandria Wailes (Visigoth Arm)
  • Brad Pitt (Willy)

London (2011)[edit]

The Menier Chocolate Factory opened a revival of Pippin on 22 November 2011

The cast included:

The creative team was led by Director/Choreographer Mitch Sebastian, Production Design Timothy Bird for Knifedge, Costume Design Jean-Marc Puissant, Lighting Design Ken Billington, Sound Design Gareth Owen, Musical Director/Additional Arrangements Tom Kelly, Orchestrations/Musical Supervisor Simon Lee.

Kansas City (2012)[edit]

The Kansas City Repertory Theatre produced and performed a version of Pippin that opened on September 14, 2012, and closed on October 7, 2012.[14] The score was adapted to reflect a punk-rock style by Curtis Moore and featured Mary Testa.

The cast included (in alphabetical order):[14]

  • Utah Boggs (Theo)
  • Sam Cordes (Lewis)
  • Claybourne Elder (Pippin)
  • Katie Gilchrist (Catherine/Ensemble)
  • Jennie Greenberry (Female Ensemble)
  • John Hickok (Charles)
  • Katie Kalahurka (Fastrada/Ensemble)
  • Gil Perez-Abraham Jr. (Male Ensemble)
  • Wallace Smith (Leading Player)
  • Mary Testa (Berthe)

The creative team was headed by Director Eric Rosen, Production Stage Manager Samantha Greene, Music Director/Orchestrator/Arranger Curtis Moore, Choreography Chase Brock, Scenic Design Jack Magaw, Costumes Alison Heryer, Lighting Design Jason Lyons, and Sound Design Zachary Williamson.

Cambridge/A.R.T. (2012–13)[edit]

A new production was developed for the American Repertory Theater in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The production was directed by Diane Paulus, with choreography by Chet Walker, scenic design by Scott Pask, costume design by Dominique Lemieux, lighting design by Kenneth Posner, sound design by Clive Goodwin, orchestrations by Larry Hochman, music supervision by Nadia DiGiallonardo, and music direction by Charlie Alterman. Notable in this new production are its integration of illusions by Paul Kieve and circus acts created by Gypsy Snider and performed by the Montreal-based troupe Les 7 Doigts de la Main. Composer Stephen Schwartz was present to oversee the sitzprobe.[15] The production omits the first act number "Welcome Home."[16] The A.R.T. production opened on December 5, 2012 and ran through January 20, 2013. This production transferred to Broadway with an opening on April 25, 2013.

The cast featured:

The players are Gregory Arsenal, Lolita Costet, Colin Cunliffe, Andrew Fitch, Orion Griffiths, Viktoria Grimmy, Olga Karmansky, Bethany Moore, Stephanie Pope, Philip Rosenberg, Yannick Thomas, Molly Tynes, and Anthony Wayne.[17]

Caracas - Venezuela (2013)[edit]

Pippin Venezuela 2013

A Spanish-language version of "Pippin," produced by the Lily Alvarez Sierra Company in Caracas Venezuela, directed by César Sierra, opened on December 12, 2013.

The cast featured:

  • Ruthsy Fuentes (Leading Player)
  • Wilfredo Parra (Pippin)
  • Anthony LoRusso (Charlemagne)
  • Marielena González (Fastrada)
  • Rebeca Herrera Martinez (Catherine)
  • Orlando Alfonzo and Gerardo Lugo (Lewis)
  • Violeta Alemán (Berthe)

US National Tour (2014)[edit]

Pippin will begin a U.S. national tour in September 2014, at the Buell Theatre in Denver, Colorado. The national tour will feature Sasha Allen as Leading Player, Kyle Selig as Pippin, John Rubinstein as Charles, Sabrina Harper as Fastrada, Kristine Reese as Catherine, and Lucie Arnaz as Berthe. The company also includes Skyler Adams, Sascha Bachman, Bradley Benjamin, Dmitrious Bistrevsky, Mark Burrell, Mathew deGuzman, Fernando Dudka, Mirela Golinska, Kelsey Jamieson, Preston Jamieson, Lisa Karlin, Alan Kelly, Melodie Lamoureux, Tory Trowbridge, Mackenzie Warren and Borris York. Due to Kyle Selig being vocal rest during the Denver, San Francisco and Los Angeles engagements, Matthew James Thomas will be playing the role of Pippin.[18] Andrea Martin will reprise her role as Berthe for the last two weeks of the San Francisco engagement and the entire Los Angeles engagement of the tour.[19][20]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Original Broadway production[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1973 Tony Award[21] Best Musical Nominated
Best Book of a Musical Roger O. Hirson Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Ben Vereen Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Leland Palmer Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Irene Ryan Nominated
Best Original Score Stephen Schwartz Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Bob Fosse Won
Best Choreography Won
Best Scenic Design Tony Walton Won
Best Costume Design Patricia Zipprodt Nominated
Best Lighting Design Jules Fisher Won
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director Bob Fosse Won
Outstanding Choreography Won
Outstanding Set Design Tony Walton Won
Outstanding Costume Design Patricia Zipprodt Won

2013 Broadway revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2013 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Won
Best Actress in a Musical Patina Miller Won
Best Featured Actor in a Musical Terrence Mann Nominated
Best Featured Actress in a Musical Andrea Martin Won
Best Direction of a Musical Diane Paulus Won
Best Choreography Chet Walker Nominated
Best Scenic Design of a Musical Scott Pask Nominated
Best Costume Design of a Musical Dominique Lemieux Nominated
Best Lighting Design of a Musical Kenneth Posner Nominated
Best Sound Design of a Musical Jonathan Deans and Garth Helm Nominated
Drama League Awards Outstanding Revival of a Broadway or Off-Broadway Musical: Won
Distinguished Performance Award Andrea Martin Nominated
Patina Miller Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Won
Outstanding Director of a Musical Diane Paulus Won
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Andrea Martin Won
Outstanding Choreography Chet Walker and Gypsy Snider Won
Outstanding Costume Design Dominique Lemieux Nominated
Outstanding Lighting Design Kenneth Posner Nominated
Outer Critics Circle Awards Outstanding Revival of a Musical Won
Outstanding Actor in a Musical Matthew James Thomas Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Patina Miller Won
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Terrence Mann Won
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Andrea Martin Won
Charlotte d'Amboise Nominated
Outstanding Director of a Musical Diane Paulus Won
Outstanding Choreographer Chet Walker Won
Outstanding Set Design Scott Pask Nominated
Outstanding Costume Design Dominique Lemieux Nominated
Outstanding Lighting Design Kenneth Posner Won
Broadway.com Audience Choice Awards Favorite Musical Revival Nominated
Favorite Actress in a Musical Patina Miller Nominated
Fred & Adele Astaire Awards Outstanding Female Dancer in a Broadway Show Charlotte d'Amboise Won
Patina Miller Nominated
Andrea Martin Nominated
Stephanie Pope Nominated
Outstanding Choreographer of a Broadway Show Chet Walker Won

Film[edit]

1981 video[edit]

In 1981, a stage production of Pippin was videotaped for Canadian television. The stage production was directed by Kathryn Doby, Bob Fosse's dance captain for the original Broadway production, and David Sheehan directed the video adaptation, with Roger O. Hirson in charge of the music. Ben Vereen returned for the role of Leading Player, while William Katt played the role of Pippin. However, this version was a truncated adaptation and several sections of the play were cut.[22]

Cast:

Feature film[edit]

In 2003, Miramax acquired the feature film rights for Pippin, following the success of the film version of the musical Chicago.

It was announced in April 2013 that The Weinstein Company has set director/screenwriter James Ponsoldt to pen and adapt the film.[23] [24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of the 100 Longest-Running Broadway Shows". En.wikipedia.org. 2013-06-09. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  2. ^ Holahan, Jane (2006-12-07). "Creator on ‘Pippin:’ ‘It was an inventive time’". Lancaster Online. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  3. ^ Miller, Scott (1996-01-01). From Assassins to West Side Story. Heinemann. 
  4. ^ "Pippin – Stephen Schwartz Answers Questions About the Show". Stephen Schwartz. Retrieved 2011-01-17. 
  5. ^ "FAQ". Stephen Schwartz. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  6. ^ Barnes, Clive. The New York Times, October 24, 1972, p. 37
  7. ^ Robertson, Campbell (2006-09-10). "Broadway, the Land of the Long-Running Sure Thing". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-25. 
  8. ^ http://www.artistswithaids.org/artforms/music/catalogue/rileyl.html
  9. ^ Gioia, Michael." 'Pippin' Finds "Glory" in Diane Paulus' Cirque-Inspired Broadway Revival, Opening April 25" Playbill.com, April 25, 2013
  10. ^ Pippin at Paper Mill
  11. ^ Gans, Andrew."CTG/Deaf West's Pippin Ends Limited California Engagement March 15", playbill.com, March 15, 2009
  12. ^ Isherwood, Charles."A Prince Without Direction, Facing Inner Demons Through Song and Sign".The New York Times, February 12, 2009
  13. ^ ,"'Pippin' Slideshow".The New York Times, February 12, 2009
  14. ^ a b Hetrick, Adam. "'Pippin', Starring Claybourne Elder, Mary Testa and Wallace Smith, Begins Kansas City Run Sept. 14" playbill.com, September 12, 2012
  15. ^ A.R.T. - American Repertory Theater
  16. ^ Pippin Production Program. (2013) American repertory Theater
  17. ^ Pippin americanrepertorytheater.org
  18. ^ Gioia, Michael. " 'The Voice' Finalist Will Have 'Magic To Do' on 'Pippin' Tour; John Rubinstein Will Reprise Charles" playbill.com, June 25, 2014
  19. ^ http://www.broadwayworld.com/article/Andrea-Martin-to-Reprise-Tony-Winning-Role-in-PIPPIN-National-Tour-for-Second-Half-of-San-Francisco-Run-20140923
  20. ^ http://www.broadwayworld.com/article/Andrea-Martin-to-Reprise-Tony-Winning-Role-in-PIPPIN-National-Tour-at-Hollywood-Pantages-this-Fall-20140730
  21. ^ "IBDB Production Awards – Pippin Awards". 
  22. ^ Internet Movie Database listing
  23. ^ "Weinstein Co. Sets James Ponsoldt To Script ‘Pippin’". deadline.com. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  24. ^ Gioia, Michael. "Pippin is Heading to the Silver Screen; James Ponsoldt Enlisted to Pen Adaptation" Playbill.com, April 17, 2013

External links[edit]