Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel

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Coordinates: 33°30′45″N 75°11′50″E / 33.5124345°N 75.1970923°E / 33.5124345; 75.1970923

Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel
KashmirVale.jpg
A view towards the massive Pir Panjal range the Railway line passes through.
Overview
Line Jammu Udhampur Srinagar Baramulla Railway Link
Location Jammu and Kashmir
Status Operational
Start Banihal
End Hillar Shahabad
Operation
Opened June 2013
Owner Indian Railways
Operator Indian Railways
Traffic Train
Technical
Line length 11.21 km (6.97 mi)
No. of tracks single track
Track gauge 1,676mm (Broad gauge)
Operating speed up to 75 km/h (47 mph)


Kashmir Railway route map
0Baramulla
To Kupwara (planned)
8Sopore
15Hamre
23Pattan
31Mazhom
46Budgam
Srinagar-Kargil-Leh railway (planned)
57Srinagar (Nowgam)
63Pampore
Jhelum Bridge
69Kakapora
79Awantipura
86Panchgam
93Bijibehra
To Pahalgam (planned)
100Anantnag
107Sadura
112Qazigund
Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel
(11 kilometres (6.8 mi))
130Banihal
Charil
Repora
Laole
Kohli
Sangaldan Tunnel
(7 kilometres (4.3 mi))
Sangaldan
Baralla
Surukot
Bakkal
Chenab Bridge
Salal
Anji Khad Bridge
Reasi
260Katra
Chakarwah
285Udhampur
294Ramnagar
Tawi Bridge
316Manwal
324Sangar
328Baljata
To Poonch (planned)
BSicon BAHN.svg 338Jammu (Jammu Tawi)
To Jalandhar-Jammu line

Schematic map of the Kashmir Railway showing the major
landmarks en route and the expected time of completion.

The Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel or Banihal railway tunnel is an 11.215 km (7 mile) railway tunnel located in Pir Panjal Range of middle Himalayas in Jammu and Kashmir, India north of Banihal town.

The north portal of the railway tunnel is at 33°33′42″N 75°11′56″E / 33.5617942°N 75.1988626°E / 33.5617942; 75.1988626 and its south portal is at 33°27′48″N 75°11′38″E / 33.463203°N 75.193992°E / 33.463203; 75.193992.

Length and elevation[edit]

The average elevation of the 11.215 km long railway tunnel is 1,760 m (5,770 ft) or about 440 m (1,440 ft) below the existing road tunnel, the Jawahar Tunnel, which is at elevation of about 2,194 m (7,198 ft).[1] The tunnel is 8.40 m wide with a height of 7.39 m. There is a three metre wide road along the length of the tunnel for the maintenance of railway tracks and emergency relief. It is India's longest railway tunnel. It takes approximately 9 minutes and 30 seconds for the train to cross the tunnel.[2][3] and Asia's third longest railway tunnel (28 km long Taihang Tunnel in China is the longest and 21 km long Lülianghsan Tunnel in Shanxi, China is the second longest).

Progress of the project[edit]

The new 11.215 km (7 mile) long Banihal-Qazigund tunnel for the Kashmir Railway line connecting Bichleri Valley of Banihal with Qazigund area of Kashmir Valley has been constructed as a part of its Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla rail link project. The boring was completed in four years in October 2011, its lining and laying of rail tracks was completed in the next one year and trial run commenced on 28 December 2012. The tunnel was commissioned on 26 June 2013 and commercial runs started from 27 June 2013.

The rail tunnel reduces the distance between Quazigund and Banihal by 17 km (from 35 km by road to 17.5 km by train).[4]

Banihal railway station is situated at 1,702 m (5,584 ft) above mean sea level. The railway network in Kashmir from Banihal to Baramulla is now 137 km. Until the 148 km Katra-Banihal section of Kashmir railway gets constructed in another five years in 2018, people can travel from Jammu Tawi or Udhampur to Banihal by road and take the train from Banihal to Srinagar through the Banihal railway tunnel.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]